Virginia National Bankshares: Rapport annuel 2019 sur formulaire 10-K 03.12.2020 – N°1 sur l’Affiliation

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12/03/2020 | 15 h 46 HAE

ETATS UNIS

TITRES ET ÉCHANGE DE COMITÉ

Washington, DC 20549

FORMULE 10-K

(Mark One)

  • RAPPORT ANNUEL CONFORMÉMENT À LA PARTIE 13 OU 15 (d) DE L'ACTION DE CHANGE DE 1934

Pour l'exercice clos le 31 décembre 2019

OU

  • RAPPORT TRANSITOIRE AU TITRE DES ARTICLES 13 OU 15 d) DE L'ÉCHANGE DE TITRES
    ACTE DE 1934 POUR LA PÉRIODE TRANSITOIRE DEÀ

Numéro de dossier de la Commission 000-55117

SOCIÉTÉ NATIONALE DE BANQUES DE VIRGINIE

(Nom exact du déclarant tel que spécifié dans sa charte)

Virginie

46-2331578

(État ou autre juridiction de

(Employeur I.R.S.

fondation ou organisation)

Numéro d'identification.)

Place de 404 personnes

Charlottesville, VA

22911

(Adresse des principaux services exécutifs)

(Code postal)

Numéro de téléphone du titulaire, y compris l'indicatif régional: (434) 817-8621

Titres enregistrés en vertu de l'article 12 b) de la loi:

Commerce

Titre de chaque classe

Symbole (s)

Nom de chaque salon sur lequel s'est inscrit

Stock ordinaire

VABK

OTCQX

Titres enregistrés en vertu de l'article 12 g) de la loi: Aucun

Cochez si l'inscrit est un émetteur chevronné connu, au sens de la règle 405 de la Securities Act. OUI NON Cochez si le déclarant n'est pas tenu de soumettre des rapports en vertu de l'article 13 ou 15 d) de la loi. OUI NON

Cochez si l'inscrit a: (1) soumis tous les rapports devant être déposés par l'article 13 ou 15 (d) de la Securities Exchange Act de 1934 au cours des 12 mois précédents (ou pour une période si courte que l'inscrit était tenu de soumettre ces rapports), et (2) était soumis à ces exigences de dépôt depuis 90 jours. OUI NON

Cochez la case si le déclarant a soumis électroniquement chaque base de données interactive à soumettre conformément à la règle 405 du règlement ST (§232.405 du présent chapitre) au cours des 12 derniers mois (ou pendant une période plus courte que le déclarant a dû soumettre) fichiers). OUI NON

Cochez si l'inscrit est un grand déposant accéléré, un déposant accéléré, un déposant non accéléré, une petite entreprise déclarante ou une société de croissance émergente. Voir les définitions de "grand déposant accéléré", "déposant accéléré", "petite entreprise déclarante" et "société en croissance émergente" dans la règle 12b-2 de la loi sur l'échange.

Grande charge accélérée

Filer accéléré

Remplissage non accéléré

Petite entreprise déclarante

Les affaires en hausse

S'il s'agit d'une société en croissance émergente, veuillez cocher si le déclarant a choisi de ne pas utiliser la période de transition prolongée pour se conformer aux normes de comptabilité financière nouvelles ou révisées publiées conformément à l'article 13, point a), du Loi sur l'échange.

Cochez si l'inscrit est une société écran (au sens de la règle 12b-2 de la loi sur l'échange). OUI NON

La valeur marchande totale des actions ordinaires détenues par les sociétés non affiliées de l'inscrit, calculée sur la base du dernier prix de vente déclaré des actions ordinaires cotées à l'OTCQX, géré par OTC Markets Group, Inc., le 28 juin 2019 (le dernier jour ouvrable du dernier trimestre d'exercice du titulaire) était d'environ 82,6 millions de dollars.

Le nombre d'actions en circulation des actions ordinaires du titulaire au 6 mars 2020 était de 2 692 005.

DOCUMENTS INCLUS PAR RÉFÉRENCE

Des parties de la déclaration de procuration finale de l'inscrit à utiliser conjointement avec l'assemblée annuelle des actionnaires de 2020 de l'inscrit sont incluses dans la partie III du présent formulaire 10-K.

TABLE DES MATIERES

La page

Partie I.

Point 1

Compagnie

4

Point 1A

Facteurs de risque

15

Point 1B

Commentaires des employés non résolus

15

Point 2

Propriétés

15

Point 3

Processus juridiques

16

Point 4

Divulgation de la sécurité des mines

16

Partie II

Point 5

Marché des actions ordinaires des inscrits, des actionnaires liés et de l'émetteur

17

Achats de titres de participation

Point 6

Données financières sélectionnées

18

Point 7

Discussion et analyse par la direction de la situation financière et des résultats

19

Les activités

Point 7A

Informations quantitatives et qualitatives sur le risque de marché

43

Point 8

États financiers et informations complémentaires

44

Point 9

Changements et désaccords avec les comptables dans les domaines de la comptabilité et des finances

91

Divulgation

Point 9A

Contrôles et procédures

91

Point 9B

Autres informations

93

Partie III

Point 10

Administrateurs, dirigeants et gouvernance d'entreprise

94

Point 11

Rémunération des dirigeants

94

Point 12

Propriété de certains bénéficiaires, dirigeants et sociétés affiliées

94

L'actionnaire est important

Point 13

Transactions avec des personnes affiliées et autres informations

94

Point 14

Frais et services comptables principaux

94

Partie IV

Point 15

Expositions, annexes des états financiers

95

Section 16

Formulaire 10-K Résumé

97

Signatures

98

ÉNONCÉS PROSPECTIFS ET FACTEURS POUVANT AFFECTER LES RÉSULTATS FUTURS

Certaines déclarations contenues dans ce rapport annuel sur formulaire 10-K ou incorporées par référence sont des «déclarations prospectives». tels que définis dans le Securities Exchange Act de 1934, y compris, mais sans s'y limiter, les déclarations concernant les résultats d'exploitation futurs ou la situation financière, la capacité de prêt et la liquidité future, les résultats d'investissement futurs, l'exposition future au crédit, les pertes de crédit futures, les plans et les objectifs des opérations futures, les modifications de la loi et les réglementations applicables à la société et à ses filiales, l'adéquation des sources de financement, les distributions actuarielles attendues, l'évaluation des actifs saisis, les exigences légales, l'environnement économique et les autres déclarations contenues dans ce document qui ne sont pas des faits historiques. De telles déclarations sont souvent caractérisées par l'utilisation de mots qualifiés tels que "attendre", "croire", "estimer", "projeter", "anticiper", "avoir l'intention", "vouloir", "devoir" ou des mots avec un mot similaire signification ou autres déclarations concernant les opinions ou le jugement de la société et de sa direction concernant des événements futurs. Ces déclarations ne sont pas des faits historiques, mais sont soumises à de nombreuses hypothèses, risques et incertitudes, et ne représentent que la croyance de la direction concernant des événements futurs, dont beaucoup sont intrinsèquement incertains et indépendants de la volonté de la Société. gestion. Tous les énoncés prospectifs de la société ne sont valables qu'à la date de ces déclarations. Les résultats réels et la situation financière de la société peuvent différer sensiblement des résultats attendus et de la situation financière indiqués ou implicites dans ces déclarations prospectives. La société ne s'engage pas à mettre à jour ou à réviser les déclarations prospectives afin de refléter de nouvelles informations ou des événements ultérieurs ou des changements dans les attentes.

Les facteurs qui pourraient faire en sorte que nos résultats réels diffèrent sensiblement de ceux des énoncés prospectifs comprennent, mais sans s'y limiter, les suivants:

  • l'inflation, les taux d'intérêt, les fluctuations du marché et monétaires;
  • les développements géopolitiques, y compris les actes de guerre et le terrorisme et leur impact sur les conditions économiques;
  • les effets et les changements des politiques et des lois commerciales, monétaires et fiscales, y compris la politique de taux d'intérêt du Federal Reserve Board;
  • l'impact des modifications des lois, réglementations et directives sur les services financiers, y compris, mais sans s'y limiter, les taxes, les opérations bancaires, les valeurs mobilières et les assurances;
  • changements dans les principes, politiques et lignes directrices comptables;
  • les changements, en particulier la détérioration, des conditions économiques générales et des économies locales dans lesquelles l'entreprise opère;
  • ralentissement économique prolongé avec notre région géographique ou perturbation économique plus large, peut-être en raison d'une pandémie ou d'une autre urgence de santé publique généralisée;
  • la situation financière des emprunteurs de l'entreprise;
  • pression concurrentielle sur les prix et demande de prix pour les prêts et dépôts;
  • les changements technologiques et leur impact sur la commercialisation de nouveaux produits et services et l'acceptation de ces produits et services par les clients nouveaux et existants;
  • la volonté des clients de remplacer les produits et services des concurrents par les produits et services de l'entreprise;
  • les risques et incertitudes décrits de temps à autre dans les communiqués de presse et autres documents publics; et
  • la performance de la Société dans le contrôle des risques associés à tout ce qui précède.

La liste de facteurs importants qui précède n'est pas exclusive et la société ne fera aucune déclaration prospective, écrite ou orale, de temps à autre.

Partie I.

Point 1. AFFAIRES.

Général

Virginia National Bankshares Corporation (la «Société») a été constituée le 21 février 2013 sous la direction du conseil d'administration de Virginia National Bank (la «Banque») en vertu des lois du Commonwealth de Virginie aux fins de toutes les actions en circulation de devenir la Banque et la société holding de la Banque. Le 19 juin 2013, les actionnaires de la Banque ont approuvé la convention de réorganisation et le plan d'actions du 6 mars 2013, aux termes desquels la Banque se réorganiserait en une structure de détention (la «réorganisation»). Le 16 décembre 2013, lorsque la restructuration a pris effet, la banque est devenue une filiale à part entière de la société et chaque action ordinaire de la banque a été échangée contre une action ordinaire de la société.

La Société est réglementée par le Bank Holding Company Act de 1956, tel que modifié ("BHC Act"), et est soumis à l'inspection, à l'enquête et à la surveillance par le Conseil des gouverneurs du système de la Réserve fédérale (le "Federal Reserve Board" ou le "Federal Reserve Board"). Réserve fédérale "). La Société est également soumise à la juridiction de la Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") et est soumise à la divulgation et aux exigences réglementaires de la Securities Exchange Act de 1934, telle que modifiée, (la "Exchange Act") administrée par la SEC . Virginia National Bankshares Corporation a son siège social au 404 People Place, à Charlottesville, en Virginie.

La Virginia National Bank, principale filiale opérationnelle de la société, a été constituée en vertu de la loi fédérale en 1998 en tant qu'association bancaire nationale exerçant des activités générales de banque commerciale et de détail. La Banque a reçu sa charte du Bureau du contrôleur de la monnaie (l '"OCC") et a commencé ses opérations le 29 juillet 1998. La Banque a reçu des pouvoirs fiduciaires en janvier 2000. La Banque a son siège à Charlottesville, en Virginie. Les dépôts de la banque sont assurés au montant maximum spécifié dans la loi fédérale sur l'assurance-dépôts par la Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation («FDIC»). Avant juillet 2018, la banque avait une filiale en propriété exclusive, VNBTrust, National Association ("VNBTrust"), une banque fiduciaire nationale créée en 2007. Le 1er juillet 2018, VNBTrust a été fusionnée avec Virginia National Bank. La Banque continue de fournir des services d'administration de fiducie et de patrimoine sous le nom de VNB Trust and Estate Services et offre des services de conseil en investissement et en patrimoine sous le nom de Sturman Wealth Advisors ("Sturman Wealth"), anciennement connu sous le nom de VNB Investment Services. La Banque est soumise à la surveillance, à l'enquête et aux règlements de l'OCC et est également soumise aux règlements de la FDIC, de la Réserve fédérale et du Bureau de protection financière des consommateurs ("CFPB").

En 2018, la société a créé Masonry Capital Management, LLC («Masonry Capital»), un conseiller en placement inscrit, qui fournit des services de conseil et de gestion en placement aux clients par le biais de comptes gérés séparément et d'un fonds d'investissement privé. La Société estime que la création de Masonry Capital lui permettra de proposer sa stratégie d'investissement à un plus large éventail de clients.

Les références aux filiales de la Société dans ce document incluent à la fois la Banque et Masonry Capital.

Le 31 décembre 2019, la société et ses filiales occupaient cinq établissements bancaires à service complet dans les villes de Charlottesville et Winchester et le comté d'Albemarle, en Virginie, ainsi qu'une installation avec service au volant avec des bureaux supplémentaires pour VNB Trust and Real Estate Services à Charlottesville. Voir point 2. Propriétés pour des informations supplémentaires sur l'emplacement.

L'immeuble de bureaux à plusieurs étages situé au 404 People Place, à Charlottesville, en Virginie, sert également de siège social et de centre d'opérations, ainsi que de siège social pour Masonry Capital et pour Sturman Wealth. De plus, la société possède des installations de production de prêts à Harrisonburg, Roanoke et Richmond, en Virginie.

Produits et services

La Banque offre une gamme complète de services bancaires et financiers connexes, y compris des comptes chèques, des comptes NOW, des dépôts sur le marché monétaire, des certificats de dépôt, des comptes de retraite individuels, un service de registre des certificats de dépôts (CDARS ™), un balayage en espèces assuré® (ICS®) et d'autres services de garde. La Banque sollicite activement ces comptes auprès de particuliers, d'entreprises et d'organismes de bienfaisance dans sa zone de négociation. Les autres services offerts par la Banque comprennent les distributeurs automatiques de billets («GAB»), les services bancaires par Internet, les services de gestion de trésorerie et de trésorerie et les services de cartes de commerçant. De plus, la Banque est affiliée à Visa®, qui est acceptée dans le monde entier et propose des cartes de débit aux consommateurs et aux clients commerciaux.

La Banque offre également des prêts commerciaux, immobiliers et à court terme et à long terme. La Banque vise à être une source de crédit fiable et cohérente en fournissant des prêts dont le prix est basé sur une relation bancaire globale, un accès facile aux décideurs locaux de la Banque qui ont une solide connaissance du marché local, une livraison locale, une réponse rapide et une continuité dans le relation bancaire. La Banque octroie des prêts hypothécaires résidentiels et vend sur le marché secondaire les prêts qu'elle ne souhaite pas détenir pour son propre portefeuille de prêts en raison des risques de taux d'intérêt inhérents aux prêts à long terme à taux fixe.

Les services et produits de conseil en matière d'investissement et de gouvernement sont offerts sous le nom de Sturman Wealth Advisors, anciennement connu sous le nom de VNB Investment Services, dans le cadre d'accords de réseau avec un courtier / courtier inscrit et un conseiller en placement enregistré pour fournir des services par l'intermédiaire de représentants qui sont également des employés de la Société.

Les services d'administration de fiducie et de patrimoine sont offerts par le biais des Services fiduciaires et successoraux VNB.

Les services de gestion d'actifs sont offerts par Masonry Capital Management, LLC, dont le produit phare pour les comptes gérés séparément et un fonds d'investissement privé poursuit une stratégie d'investissement basée sur la valeur et axée sur les catalyseurs. Les instruments financiers utilisés comprennent les actions ordinaires et privilégiées, les obligations de sociétés, les prêts bancaires et autres titres de créance, les titres convertibles, les fonds négociés en bourse ("EFT & # 39; s"), les options, les warrants et les équivalents de trésorerie.

La Banque dessert principalement les communautés de Virginie dans et autour de la ville de Charlottesville, du comté d'Albemarle et de la ville de Winchester. La banque possède également des installations de production de prêts à Harrisonburg, Mechanicsville, Roanoke et Richmond, en Virginie. Les implantations de la banque sont bien positionnées sur des marchés attractifs. Dans le secteur du marché, il existe différents types d'industries, notamment l'enseignement supérieur, les services médicaux et professionnels, les sociétés de recherche et développement et le commerce de détail. La banque a fermé ses bureaux à Orange, en Virginie, le 13 avril 2018; le service de messagerie complet reste disponible pour les clients à Orange et en Virginie.

Concours

L'entreprise exerce des activités hautement compétitives. Chaque activité implique une concurrence avec d'autres banques, ainsi qu'avec des sociétés non bancaires qui proposent des produits et services financiers qui sont en concurrence directe avec l'offre de produits et services de l'entreprise. La Société est en concurrence active avec d'autres banques dans ses efforts pour obtenir des dépôts et prêter, dans la taille et le type de services offerts, dans les taux d'intérêt payés sur les dépôts à terme et facturés sur les prêts, et sur d'autres aspects. de la banque.

En plus de la concurrence avec d'autres banques commerciales à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de ses principaux domaines de services, la société est en concurrence avec d'autres institutions financières engagées dans le prêt ou l'acceptation de dépôts, telles que les coopératives de crédit, les compagnies d'assurance, les petites sociétés de prêt, les sociétés financières, les prêts hypothécaires certaines entreprises publiques, certaines agences gouvernementales et d’autres sociétés. Il y a beaucoup de concurrence pour les comptes du marché monétaire avec les courtiers en valeurs mobilières et les fonds communs de placement. La concurrence supplémentaire pour les dépôts provient des émetteurs de dette publique et privée et d'autres alternatives d'investissement pour les déposants, comme les fonds du marché monétaire.

Les marchés que la société dessert sont très compétitifs en matière bancaire. Il y a beaucoup de concurrence pour les prêts aux entreprises et aux professionnels et les prix sont importants. De nombreux concurrents de la société ont des ressources et des limites de crédit beaucoup plus importantes que la société et offrent certains services, tels que des réseaux de bureaux étendus et établis auxquels la société ne devrait pas correspondre. La concurrence des dépôts est également très forte. Cependant, la direction estime qu'il existe un marché pour les services financiers personnalisés et sur mesure qu'une banque communautaire indépendante peut fournir.

Supervision et réglementation

La Société et la Banque sont largement réglementées par les lois fédérales et étatiques. La description suivante traite brièvement de certaines dispositions historiques et actuelles des lois fédérales et des États et de certaines ordonnances, ordonnances proposées et les conséquences potentielles pour la Société et la Banque. Dans la mesure où ce rapport décrit des dispositions ou propositions légales ou réglementaires, la description est qualifiée dans son intégralité par référence aux dispositions ou propositions légales ou réglementaires spécifiques.

L'entreprise

Général. En tant que société de portefeuille bancaire enregistrée en vertu de la loi BHC, la société est soumise à la surveillance, à la réglementation et à l'enquête de la Réserve fédérale. La société est également enregistrée en vertu des lois des sociétés de portefeuille bancaires de Virginie et est soumise à la supervision, à la réglementation et à l'enquête de la Virginia State Corporation Commission (la «SCC»).

Activités autorisées. Les activités autorisées d'une société de portefeuille bancaire se limitent à la gestion ou au contrôle des banques, à la prestation de services ou à la prestation de services pour ses filiales et à la réalisation d'autres activités que la Réserve fédérale détermine par règlement ou par ordre d'être si étroitement liées. avec le système bancaire ou ses banques de gestion ou de contrôle comme un incident approprié. Pour déterminer si une activité particulière est autorisée, la Réserve fédérale doit déterminer s'il est raisonnable de s'attendre à ce que la performance d'une telle activité produise des avantages pour le public qui l'emportent sur ses effets négatifs potentiels. Les avantages possibles sont plus de commodité, plus de concurrence et plus d'efficacité. Les effets négatifs potentiels comprennent une concentration excessive des ressources, une concurrence réduite ou déloyale, des conflits d'intérêts et des pratiques bancaires déloyales. Malgré l'approbation préalable, la Réserve fédérale peut demander à une société de portefeuille bancaire ou à ses filiales de cesser une activité ou de mettre fin à la propriété ou au contrôle d'une filiale lorsque la Réserve fédérale a des motifs raisonnables de croire qu'un risque grave pour la sécurité financière, la solidité ou la stabilité d'une filiale bancaire de cette société de portefeuille bancaire peut résulter de cette activité.

Acquisitions bancaires; Changements de contrôle. En tout état de cause, la loi BHC et les réglementations connexes nécessitent l'approbation préalable de la Réserve fédérale lorsqu'une société de portefeuille bancaire propose de

(i) acquérir, directement ou indirectement, la propriété ou le contrôle de plus de 5% des actions en circulation d'une banque ou d'une société de portefeuille bancaire (sauf si elle détient déjà la majorité de ces actions avec droit de vote), (ii) la totalité ou la quasi-totalité des actifs d'une autre banque ou une société de portefeuille bancaire, ou (iii) fusionner ou consolider avec une autre société de portefeuille bancaire. Pour déterminer s'il convient d'approuver une acquisition proposée, la Réserve fédérale tiendra compte, entre autres, de l'effet de l'acquisition sur la concurrence; les avantages globaux attendus de l'acquisition; tout problème de conformité réglementaire non résolu de toute institution partie à la transaction; les ratios et niveaux de capital attendus en fonction de l'acquisition; la situation financière de chaque institution partie à la transaction et de l'institution combinée après la transaction; les ressources de gestion des parties, ainsi que les processus et systèmes de gestion des risques et de gouvernance; Conformité des parties à la loi sur le secret bancaire et aux exigences de lutte contre le blanchiment d'argent; et la performance de l'institution acquérante en vertu de la loi de 1977 sur le réinvestissement communautaire et le respect des lois sur le logement équitable et d'autres lois sur la protection des consommateurs.

Sous réserve de certaines exceptions, la Loi sur le BHC et la Loi sur le changement de contrôle bancaire, ainsi que les règlements applicables, nécessitent l'approbation de la Réserve fédérale (ou, dans certaines circonstances, aucun avis de désapprobation) avant qu'une personne ou une entreprise obtienne le «contrôle» sur une banque ou une société de portefeuille bancaire. Il existe une présomption convaincante de contrôle si une personne ou une société acquiert le pouvoir, directement ou indirectement, de diriger la gestion ou les politiques d'un dépositaire assuré ou de voter 25% ou plus d'une catégorie de titres comportant droit de vote d'un dépositaire assuré. Il existe une présomption réfragable de contrôle si un particulier ou une société obtient 10% ou plus mais moins de 25% d'une catégorie de titres avec droit de vote auprès d'un dépositaire assuré et que (i) l'institution a enregistré ses titres auprès de la SEC conformément à l'article 12 de la Exchange Act ou (ii) aucune autre personne ne détiendra un pourcentage plus élevé de cette catégorie

titres conférant le droit de vote immédiatement après l'acquisition. Les actions ordinaires de la société sont enregistrées en vertu de l'article 12 de la Loi sur l'échange.

En outre, la loi de Virginie exige l'approbation préalable de la CSC pour (i) l'acquisition par une société de portefeuille bancaire en Virginie de plus de 5% des droits de vote d'une banque en Virginie ou d'une société de portefeuille bancaire en Virginie, ou (ii) l'acquisition par une autre personne qui contrôle une société de portefeuille bancaire en Virginie ou une banque en Virginie.

Source de force. Les politiques de la Réserve fédérale obligent traditionnellement les avoirs bancaires de leurs filiales à être une source de solidité financière et managériale. La loi Dodd-Frank sur la réforme de Wall Street et la protection des consommateurs («loi Dodd-Frank») a codifié cette politique comme une exigence légale. En vertu de cette exigence, la société est censée déployer des ressources pour soutenir la banque, y compris lorsque la société peut ne pas être en position financière pour fournir ces ressources. Tous les prêts en capital consentis par une société de portefeuille bancaire à l'une de ses filiales sont subordonnés au droit au paiement des déposants et à certaines autres dettes de ces filiales bancaires. En cas de faillite d'une société de portefeuille bancaire, tout engagement de la société de portefeuille bancaire à un régulateur fédéral de banque de conserver le capital d'une banque filiale est repris par le syndic de faillite et a droit au paiement.

Sécurité et solidité. Il existe un certain nombre d'obligations et de limitations imposées par les politiques bancaires et réglementaires aux sociétés de portefeuille bancaires et à leurs filiales afin de minimiser la perte potentielle pour les déposants de ces dépositaires et du fonds d'assurance FDIC en cas d'insolvabilité, de mise sous séquestre ou de défaillance d'un dépositaire. Par exemple, pour être placée sous tutelle d'un dépositaire assuré, une société de portefeuille bancaire, pour être placée sous tutelle, doit s'assurer que toute filiale qui peut être "sous-capitalisée" remplit les conditions de tout capital. plan de redressement déposé par une telle filiale auprès de l'autorité de réglementation des banques fédérales compétente au plus bas des montants suivants: (i) un montant égal à 5% de l'actif total de l'institution au moment où l'institution était sous-capitalisée, ou (ii) le montant nécessaire (ou aurait été nécessaire) pour mettre l'établissement en conformité avec toutes les normes de capital applicables à partir du moment où l'institution ne se conforme pas à un tel plan de recouvrement des fonds propres.

En vertu de la loi fédérale sur l'assurance-dépôts («FDIA»), les autorités de réglementation des banques fédérales ont adopté des directives qui prescrivent des normes de sécurité et de santé. Ces lignes directrices établissent des normes générales concernant la gestion du capital, les contrôles internes et les systèmes d'information, les systèmes d'audit interne, les systèmes d'information, la sécurité des données, la documentation des prêts, l'assurance crédit, le risque de taux d'intérêt et la gestion des risques, la gestion des fournisseurs, la gouvernance d'entreprise et l'appréciation du capital, ainsi que la rémunération, les frais et avantages. En général, les lignes directrices exigent, entre autres, des systèmes et des pratiques appropriés pour identifier et gérer les risques et les expositions spécifiés dans les lignes directrices.

Exigences de capital. La Réserve fédérale impose certaines exigences de fonds propres aux avoirs bancaires en vertu de la loi BHC, notamment un ratio de levier minimum et un ratio minimum de fonds propres «éligibles» par rapport aux actifs pondérés en fonction des risques. Ces exigences sont décrites ci-dessous sous «La Banque – Exigences de capital». Sous réserve de ses exigences en matière de capital et de certaines autres restrictions, la Société peut emprunter de l'argent pour apporter une contribution en capital à la Banque, et ces prêts peuvent être remboursés sur les dividendes versés par la Banque à la Société.

Limites des dividendes et autres paiements. La société est une entité juridique, distincte et distincte de ses filiales. Une partie importante des revenus de la Société provient des dividendes distribués par la Banque. Il existe diverses restrictions légales qui s'appliquent au paiement de dividendes par la Banque à la Société et au paiement de dividendes par la Société à ses actionnaires. La Banque est soumise à diverses restrictions légales et réglementaires sur sa capacité à verser des dividendes à la Société. L'OCC a indiqué qu'une banque nationale ne devrait généralement verser que des dividendes à partir du résultat opérationnel courant. La réglementation actuelle requiert l'approbation préalable du régulateur si les dividendes en espèces d'une année donnée d'une année donnée dépassent le bénéfice net de cette année, plus le bénéfice net conservé des deux années précédentes. Le paiement de dividendes par la Banque ou la Société peut être limité par d'autres facteurs, tels que les exigences de maintien du capital au-dessus des directives légales. Les régulateurs bancaires ont le pouvoir d'interdire à la Banque ou à la Société de se livrer à toute pratique dangereuse ou malsaine dans l'exercice de ses activités respectives. Selon la situation financière de la Banque ou de la Société, le paiement de dividendes peut être considéré comme une telle pratique dangereuse ou malsaine.

En vertu de la FDIA, il est interdit aux dépositaires assurés, tels que la Banque, de procéder à des distributions de capital, y compris le paiement de dividendes, si l'institution devait être "sous-capitalisée" après ces distributions (comme le prévoient les statuts). Sur la base des données financières actuelles de la banque

La condition est que la Société ne s'attende pas à ce que cette provision ait un impact sur sa capacité à recevoir des dividendes de la Banque.

La banque

Général. La Banque est soumise à une surveillance et est régulièrement examinée par l'OCC. Les différentes lois et réglementations administrées par l'OCC et les autres organismes de réglementation de la banque ont des implications sur les pratiques commerciales, telles que le paiement de dividendes, l'accumulation de dettes et l'acquisition d'institutions financières et d'autres sociétés; ils affectent également les pratiques commerciales telles que le paiement d'intérêts sur les dépôts, le paiement d'intérêts sur les prêts, les types d'entreprises et l'emplacement des bureaux. Certaines de ces lois et réglementations sont répertoriées ci-dessus sous «La société».

Besoins en capital.L'OCC et les autres autorités de réglementation des banques fédérales ont établi des directives fondées sur les risques et sur l'effet de levier qui s'appliquent aux organisations bancaires américaines. Ces autorités réglementaires peuvent, de temps à autre, exiger d'un organisme bancaire qu'il détienne des fonds propres au-dessus des niveaux minimaux en raison de sa situation financière ou de sa croissance réelle ou prévue.

Les agences bancaires fédérales ont adopté des règles définitives sur les exigences de fonds propres et le calcul des actifs pondérés en fonction des risques pour mettre en œuvre les réformes des fonds propres de Bâle III par le Comité de Bâle sur le contrôle bancaire (le «Comité de Bâle») et certaines dispositions de la loi Dodd-Frank (les «Règles de fonds propres de Bâle III»). ").

De Basel III-kapitaalregels verplichten banken en bankholdings om te voldoen aan de volgende minimumkapitaalratio&#39;s: (i) een verhouding van tier 1-kernkapitaal tot risicogewogen activa van ten minste 4,5%, plus een kapitaalconserveringsbuffer van 2,5% "(resulterend in een minimale verhouding van tier 1 uit gewone aandelen tot risicogewogen activa van ten minste 7%); (ii) een verhouding tussen tier 1-kapitaal en risicogewogen activa van ten minste 6,0%, plus de kapitaalconserveringsbuffer van 2,5% (resulterend in een minimale tier 1-kapitaalratio van 8,5%);

  1. een verhouding van het totale kapitaal tot risicogewogen activa van ten minste 8,0%, plus de kapitaalconserveringsbuffer van 2,5% (resulterend in een minimale totale kapitaalratio van 10,5%); en (iv) een leverage ratio van 4%, berekend als de verhouding tussen tier 1-kapitaal en balansblootstellingen plus bepaalde buitenbalansblootstellingen (berekend als het gemiddelde voor elk kwartaal van de ratio&#39;s aan het einde van de maand voor het kwartaal). De geleidelijke invoering van de buffervereiste voor kapitaalconservering begon op 1 januari 2016, op 0,625% van de naar risico gewogen activa, en steeg elk jaar met hetzelfde bedrag totdat het op 1 januari 2019 volledig werd geïmplementeerd op 2,5%. buffer is ontworpen om verliezen op te vangen tijdens periodes van economische stress. Bankorganisaties met een verhouding van tier 1-kernkapitaal tot risicogewogen activa boven het minimum, maar onder de instandhoudingsbuffer, worden geconfronteerd met beperkingen op dividenden, terugkoop van aandelen en compensatie op basis van het bedrag van het tekort.

De Tier 1, Tier 1-aandelenkapitaal, het totale kapitaal voor risicogewogen activa en de hefboomratio&#39;s van de onderneming bedroegen respectievelijk 14,28%, 14,28%, 15,08% en 10,81% per 31 december 2019, waardoor de minimumvereisten werden overschreden . De tier 1, tier 1 van het gewone aandelenkapitaal, het totale kapitaal naar risicogewogen activa en de hefboomratio&#39;s van de bank bedroegen respectievelijk 14,18%, 14,18%, 14,98% en 10,73% per 31 december 2019 en overschreden ook de minimumvereisten .

Met betrekking tot de Bank zijn de voorschriften voor "onmiddellijke corrigerende maatregelen" ingevolge artikel 38 van de FDIA herzien met ingang van 1 januari 2015, om een ​​gemeenschappelijke tier 1-kapitaalratio op te nemen en bepaalde andere kapitaalratio&#39;s te verhogen. Om onder de herziene regelgeving "goed gekapitaliseerd" te zijn, moet een bank de volgende minimumkapitaalratio&#39;s hebben: (i) een tier 1-kapitaalratio van het gewone eigen vermogen van ten minste 6,5%; (ii) een tier 1-ratio kapitaal / risicogewogen activa van ten minste 8,0%; (iii) een totale verhouding kapitaal / risicogewogen activa van ten minste 10,0%; en (iv) een hefboomratio van ten minste 5,0%. De Bank overschrijdt de drempels om op 31 december 2019 als goed gekapitaliseerd te worden beschouwd.

De Basel III-kapitaalregels hebben ook de risicogewichten van activa gewijzigd om het kredietrisico en andere risicoposities beter weer te geven. These include a 150% risk weight for certain high volatility commercial real estate acquisition, development and construction loans and nonresidential mortgage loans that are 90 days past due or otherwise on nonaccrual status, a 20% credit conversion factor for the unused portion of a commitment with an original maturity of one year or less that is not unconditionally cancelable, a 250% risk weight for mortgage servicing rights and deferred tax assets that are not deducted from capital, and increased risk-weights for equity exposures.

In December 2017, the Basel Committee published standards that it described as the finalization of the Basel III post-crisis regulatory reforms (the standards are commonly referred to as "Basel IV"). Among other things, these standards revise the Basel Committee&#39;s standardized approach for credit risk (including by recalibrating risk weights and introducing new capital requirements for certain "unconditionally cancellable commitments," such as unused credit card lines of credit) and provide a new standardized approach for operational risk capital. Under the proposed framework, these standards will generally be effective on January 1, 2022, with an aggregate output floor phasing-in through January 1, 2027. Under the current capital rules, operational risk capital requirements and a capital floor apply only to advanced approaches institutions, and not to the Company. The impact of Basel IV on the Company and the Bank will depend on the manner in which it is implemented by the federal bank regulatory agencies.

On August 28, 2018, the Federal Reserve issued an interim final rule required by the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act of 2018, which was signed into law on May 24, 2018 (the "EGRRCPA"), that expands the applicability of the Federal Reserve&#39;s small bank holding company policy statement (the "SBHC Policy Statement") to bank holding companies with total consolidated assets of less than $3 billion (up from the prior $1 billion threshold). Under the SBHC Policy Statement, qualifying bank holding companies have additional flexibility in the amount of debt they can issue and are also exempt from the Basel III Capital Rules (subsidiary depository institutions of qualifying bank holding companies are still subject to capital requirements). The Company currently has less than $3 billion in total consolidated assets and would likely qualify under the revised SBHC Policy Statement. However, the Company does not currently intend to issue a material amount of debt or take any other action that would cause its capital ratios to fall below the minimum ratios required by the Basel III Capital Rules.

On September 17, 2019 the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation finalized a rule that introduces an optional simplified measure of capital adequacy for qualifying community banking organizations, referred to as, the community bank leverage ratio (CBLR) framework, as required by the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act. The CBLR framework is designed to reduce burden by removing the requirements for calculating and reporting risk-based capital ratios for qualifying community banking organizations that opt into the framework.

In order to qualify for the CBLR framework, a community banking organization must have a tier 1 leverage ratio of greater than 9 percent, less than $10 billion in total consolidated assets, and limited amounts of off-balance-sheet exposures and trading assets and liabilities. A qualifying community banking organization that opts into the CBLR framework and meets all requirements under the framework will be considered to have met the well-capitalized ratio requirements under the Prompt Corrective Action regulations and will not be required to report or calculate risk-based capital.

The CBLR framework will be available for banks to use in their March 31, 2020 Call Report. The Company has decided not to opt into the CBLR framework.

Prompt Corrective Action.Federal banking regulators are authorized and, under certain circumstances, required to take certain actions against banks that fail to meet their capital requirements. The federal bank regulatory agencies have additional enforcement authority with respect to undercapitalized depository institutions. "Well capitalized" institutions may generally operate without additional supervisory restriction. With respect to "adequately capitalized" institutions, such banks (i) cannot normally pay dividends or make any capital contributions that would leave it undercapitalized, (ii) cannot pay a management fee to a controlling person if, after paying the fee, it would be undercapitalized, and (iii) cannot accept, renew, or roll over any brokered deposit unless the bank has applied for and been granted a waiver by the FDIC.

Immediately upon becoming "undercapitalized," a depository institution becomes subject to the provisions of Section 38 of the FDIA, which: (i) restrict payment of capital distributions and management fees;

  1. require that the appropriate federal banking agency monitor the condition of the institution and its efforts to restore its capital; (iii) require submission of a capital restoration plan; (iv) restrict the growth of the institution&#39;s assets; and (v) require prior approval of certain expansion proposals. The appropriate federal banking agency for an undercapitalized institution also may take any number of discretionary supervisory actions if the agency determines that any of these actions is necessary to resolve the problems of the institution at the least possible long-term cost to the DIF, subject in certain cases to

specified procedures. These discretionary supervisory actions include: (a) requiring the institution to raise additional capital; (b) restricting transactions with affiliates; (c) requiring divestiture of the institution or the sale of the institution to a willing purchaser; and (d) any other supervisory action that the agency deems appropriate. These and additional mandatory and permissive supervisory actions may be taken with respect to significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized institutions. The Bank met the definition of being "well capitalized" as of December 31, 2019.

As described above in "The Bank – Capital Requirements," the capital requirement rules issued by the OCC incorporate new requirements into the prompt corrective action framework.

Deposit Insurance.The deposits of the Bank are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund ("DIF") of the FDIC and are subject to deposit insurance assessments based on average total assets minus average tangible equity to maintain the DIF. The basic limit on FDIC deposit insurance coverage is $250,000 per depositor. Under the FDIA, the FDIC may terminate deposit insurance upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations as an insured depository institution, or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the FDIC, subject to administrative and potential judicial hearing and review processes. As required by the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC has adopted a large-bank pricing assessment structure, set a target "designated reserve ratio" of 2 percent for the DIF, in lieu of dividends, provides for a lower assessment rate schedule, when the reserve ratio reaches 2 percent and

  1. percent. An institution&#39;s assessment rate is based on a statistical analysis of financial ratios that estimates the likelihood of failure over a three-year period, which considers the institution&#39;s weighted average CAMELS component rating. The CAMELS component is a supervisory rating system designed to reflect financial and operational risks that a bank may face, including capital adequacy, asset quality, management capability, earnings, liquidity and sensitivity to market risk ("CAMELS"). At December 31, 2019, total base assessment rates for institutions that have been insured for at least five years range from
  1. to 40 basis points, with rates of 1.5 to 30 basis points applying to banks with less than $10 billion in assets. In 2019 and 2018, the Company expensed $36,000 and $189,000, respectively, in deposit insurance assessments. In 2019, the Company received a $155,000 FDIC small bank credit assessment award, to be used partially in 2019 and toward future assessments, as the deposit insurance fund reserve ratio exceeded 1.38%.

Transactions with Affiliates.Pursuant to Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation W, the authority of the Bank to engage in transactions with related parties or "affiliates" or to make loans to insiders is limited. Loan transactions with an affiliate generally must be collateralized and certain transactions between the Bank and its affiliates, including the sale of assets, the payment of money or the provision of services, must be on terms and conditions that are substantially the same, or at least as favorable to the Bank, as those prevailing for comparable nonaffiliated transactions. In addition, the Bank generally may not purchase securities issued or underwritten by affiliates.

Loans to executive officers, directors, or to any person who directly or indirectly, or acting through or in concert with one or more persons, owns, controls, or has the power to vote more than 10% of any class of voting securities of a bank ("10% Shareholders"), are subject to Sections 22(g) and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and their corresponding regulations (Regulation O) and Section 13(k) of the Exchange Act relating to the prohibition on personal loans to executives (which exempts financial institutions in compliance with the insider lending restrictions of Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act). Among other things, these loans must be made on terms substantially the same as those prevailing on transactions made to unaffiliated individuals and certain extensions of credit to those persons must first be approved in advance by a disinterested majority of the entire Board of Directors. Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act prohibits loans to any of those individuals where the aggregate amount exceeds an amount equal to 15% of an institution&#39;s unimpaired capital and surplus plus an additional 10% of unimpaired capital and surplus in the case of loans that are fully secured by readily marketable collateral, or when the aggregate amount on all of the extensions of credit outstanding to all of these persons would exceed the Bank&#39;s unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus. Section 22(g) of the Federal Reserve Act identifies limited circumstances in which the Bank is permitted to extend credit to executive officers.

Community Reinvestment Act.The Bank is subject to the requirements of the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 ("CRA"). The CRA imposes on financial institutions an affirmative and ongoing obligation to meet the credit needs of the local communities, including low and moderate income neighborhoods. The CRA requires the appropriate federal banking agency, in connection with its examination of a bank, to assess the bank&#39;s record in meeting such credit needs. In addition, in order for a bank holding company, like the Company, to commence any new activity permitted by the BHC Act, or to acquire any company engaged in any new activity permitted by the BHC Act, each insured depository institution subsidiary of the bank holding company must have received a rating of at least "satisfactory" in its most recent examination under the CRA. Under the CRA, institutions are assigned a rating of "outstanding," "satisfactory," "needs to improve," or "substantial non-compliance." The Bank received a "satisfactory" CRA rating in its most recent examination.

LIBOR and Other Benchmark Rates.Following the announcement by the U.K.&#39;s Financial Conduct Authority in July 2017 that it will no longer persuade or require banks to submit rates for the London InterBank Offered Rate (LIBOR) after 2021, central banks and regulators around the world have commissioned working groups to find suitable replacements for Interbank Offered Rates (IBOR) and other benchmark rates and to implement financial benchmark reforms more generally. These actions have resulted in uncertainty regarding the use of alternative reference rates (ARRs) and could cause disruptions in a variety of markets, as well as adversely impact the Company&#39;s business, operations and financial results.

To facilitate an orderly transition from LIBOR, IBOR and other benchmark rates to ARRs, the Company has established a focus committee, which includes members of senior management, including the Chief Credit Officer and Chief Financial Officer, among others. The task of this committee is to identify, assess and monitor risks associated with the expected discontinuation or unavailability of benchmarks, including LIBOR, achieve operational readiness and engage impacted clients in connection with the transition to ARRs.

Confidentiality of Customer Information.The Company and the Bank are subject to various laws and regulations that address the privacy of nonpublic personal financial information of customers. A financial institution must provide to its customers information regarding its policies and procedures with respect to the handling of customers&#39; personal information. Each institution must conduct an internal risk assessment of its ability to protect customer information. These privacy laws and regulations generally prohibit a financial institution from providing a customer&#39;s personal financial information to unaffiliated parties without prior notice and approval from the customer.

Required Disclosure of Customer Information.The Company and the Bank are also subject to various laws and regulations that attempt to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. The Bank Secrecy Act requires all financial institutions to, among other things, create a system of controls designed to prevent money laundering and the financing of terrorism, and also imposes recordkeeping and reporting requirements. The USA Patriot Act (i) added further regulations to facilitate information sharing among governmental entities and financial institutions for the purpose of combating terrorism and money laundering, (ii) imposed standards for verifying customer identification at account opening, and (iii) required financial institutions to establish anti-money laundering programs. The Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC"), which is a division of the Treasury, is responsible for helping to ensure that United States entities do not engage in transactions with "enemies" of the United States, as defined by various Executive Orders and Acts of Congress. If the Bank finds a name of an "enemy" of the United States on any transaction, account, or wire transfer that is on an OFAC list, it must freeze such account or place transferred funds into a blocked account, and report it to OFAC.

Volcker Rule.The Dodd-Frank Act and regulations under that act prohibit insured depository institutions and their affiliates, except as permitted under certain limited circumstances, from (i) engaging in short- term proprietary trading for their own accounts and (ii) having certain ownership interests in, and relationships with, hedge funds or private equity funds. The Volcker Rule did not have a material impact on the Company&#39;s operations or financial position in 2019 and 2018.

Consumer Financial Protection.The Bank is subject to a number of other federal and state consumer protection laws that extensively govern its relationship with its customers. These laws include the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act,

the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, the Expedited Funds Availability Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Servicemembers&#39; Civil Relief Act, Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act, laws governing flood insurance, federal and state laws prohibiting unfair and deceptive business practices, foreclosure laws, and various regulations that implement some or all of the foregoing. These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions must deal with customers when taking deposits, making loans, collecting loans, and providing other services. If the Bank fails to comply with these laws and regulations, it may be subject to various penalties. Failure to comply with consumer protection requirements may also result in failure to obtain any required bank regulatory approval for merger or acquisition transactions the Bank may wish to pursue or being prohibited from engaging in such transactions even if approval is not required.

The Dodd-Frank Act centralized responsibility for consumer financial protection by creating a new agency, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the "CFPB"), and giving it responsibility for implementing, examining, and enforcing compliance with federal consumer protection laws. The CFPB focuses on (i) risks to consumers and compliance with the federal consumer financial laws; (ii) the markets in which firms operate and risks to consumers posed by activities in those markets; (iii) depository institutions that offer a wide variety of consumer financial products and services; and (iv) non- depository companies that offer one or more consumer financial products or services. The CFPB is responsible for implementing, examining and enforcing compliance with federal consumer financial laws for institutions with more than $10 billion of assets. While the Bank, like all banks, is subject to federal consumer protection rules enacted by the CFPB, because the Company and the Bank have total consolidated assets of $10 billion or less, the OCC oversees the application to the Bank of most consumer protection aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act and other laws and regulations.

The CFPB has broad rulemaking authority for a wide range of consumer financial laws that apply to all banks, including, among other things, the authority to prohibit "unfair, deceptive, or abusive" acts and practices. Abusive acts or practices are defined as those that materially interfere with a consumer&#39;s ability to understand a term or condition of a consumer financial product or service or take unreasonable advantage of a consumer&#39;s (i) lack of financial savvy, (ii) inability to protect himself in the selection or use of consumer financial products or services, or (iii) reasonable reliance on a covered entity to act in the consumer&#39;s interests. The CFPB can issue cease-and-desist orders against banks and other entities that violate consumer financial laws. The CFPB may also institute a civil action against an entity in violation of federal consumer financial law in order to impose a civil penalty or injunction. Further, regulatory positions taken by the CFPB with respect to financial institutions with more than $10 billion in assets may influence how other regulatory agencies apply the subject consumer financial protection laws and regulations.

Mortgage Banking Regulation.In connection with making mortgage loans, the Company and the Bank are subject to rules and regulations that, among other things, establish standards for loan origination, prohibit discrimination, provide for inspections and appraisals of property, require credit reports on prospective borrowers, in some cases restrict certain loan features and fix maximum interest rates and fees, require the disclosure of certain basic information to mortgagors concerning credit and settlement costs, limit payment for settlement services to the reasonable value of the services rendered, and require the maintenance and disclosure of information regarding the disposition of mortgage applications based on race, gender, geographical distribution and income level. The Company and the Bank are also subject to rules and regulations that require the collection and reporting of significant amounts of information with respect to mortgage loans and borrowers.

The Company&#39;s and the Bank&#39;s mortgage origination activities are subject to Regulation Z, which implements the Truth in Lending Act. Certain provisions of Regulation Z require creditors to make a reasonable and good faith determination based on verified and documented information that a consumer applying for a mortgage loan has a reasonable ability to repay the loan according to its terms. Creditors are required to determine consumers&#39; ability to repay in one of two ways. The first alternative requires the creditor to consider the following eight underwriting factors when making the credit decision: (i) current or reasonably expected income or assets; (ii) current employment status; (iii) the monthly payment on the covered transaction; (iv) the monthly payment on any simultaneous loan; (v) the monthly payment for mortgage-related obligations; (vi) current debt obligations, alimony, and child support; (vii) the monthly

debt-to-income ratio or residual income; and (viii) credit history. Alternatively, the creditor can originate "qualified mortgages," which are entitled to a presumption that the creditor making the loan satisfied the ability-to-repay requirements. In general, a "qualified mortgage" is a mortgage loan without negative amortization, interest-only payments, balloon payments, or terms exceeding 30 years. In addition, to be a qualified mortgage, the points and fees paid by a consumer cannot exceed 3% of the total loan amount, and the consumer&#39;s debt-to-income ratio ("DTI") must be below the prescribed threshold. Qualified mortgages that are "higher-priced" (e.g. subprime loans) garner a rebuttable presumption of compliance with the ability-to-repay rules, while qualified mortgages that are not "higher-priced" (e.g. prime loans) are given a safe harbor of compliance. Small creditors, as described below, may originate qualified mortgages that are not restricted by the specific DTI threshold (however, the DTI must still be considered). Small creditors are those financial institutions that meet the following requirements: (i) have assets below $2 billion (adjustable annually by CFPB); (ii) originated no more than 500 first-lien, closed- end residential mortgages subject to the ability-to-repay requirements in the preceding calendar year; et

  1. hold the qualified mortgage loan in its portfolio after origination. The Company, as a small creditor, does comply with the "qualified mortgage rules" and the other applicable Truth in Lending requirements.

Incentive Compensation.In 2010, the federal bank regulatory agencies issued comprehensive final guidance on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of financial institutions do not undermine the safety and soundness of such institutions by encouraging excessive risk-taking. Le Interagency Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of financial institutions, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a financial institution&#39;s incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the institution&#39;s ability to effectively identify and manage risks; (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management; and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the financial institution&#39;s Board of Directors.

The Federal Reserve and the OCC will review, as part of the regular, risk-focused examination process, the incentive compensation arrangements of financial institutions, such as the Company and the Bank, that are not "large, complex banking organizations." These reviews will be tailored to each financial institution based on the scope and complexity of the institution&#39;s activities and the prevalence of incentive compensation arrangements. The findings of the supervisory initiatives will be included in reports of examination. Deficiencies will be incorporated into the institution&#39;s supervisory ratings, which can affect the institution&#39;s ability to make acquisitions and take other actions. Enforcement actions may be taken against a financial institution if its incentive compensation arrangements, or related risk-management control or governance processes, pose a risk to the institution&#39;s safety and soundness and the financial institution is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies.

In 2016, the SEC and the federal banking agencies proposed rules that prohibit covered financial institutions (including bank holding companies and banks) from establishing or maintaining incentive- based compensation arrangements that encourage inappropriate risk taking by providing covered persons (consisting of senior executive officers and significant risk takers, as defined in the rules) with excessive compensation, fees, or benefits that could lead to material financial loss to the financial institution. The proposed rules (i) outline factors to be considered when analyzing whether compensation is excessive and whether an incentive-based compensation arrangement encourages inappropriate risks that could lead to material loss to the covered financial institution and (ii) establishes minimum requirements that incentive-based compensation arrangements must meet to be considered to not encourage inappropriate risks and to appropriately balance risk and reward. The proposed rules also impose additional corporate governance requirements on the boards of directors of covered financial institutions and impose additional record-keeping requirements. The comment period for these proposed rules has closed, and final rules have not yet been published.

Cybersecurity.The federal bank regulatory agencies have adopted guidelines for establishing information security standards and cybersecurity programs for implementing safeguards under the supervision of a financial institution&#39;s board of directors. These guidelines, along with related regulatory materials, increasingly focus on risk management and processes related to information technology and the use of third parties in the provision of financial products and services. The federal bank regulatory agencies expect financial institutions to establish lines of defense and to ensure that their risk management processes address the risk posed by compromised customer credentials, and also expect financial institutions to maintain sufficient business continuity planning processes to ensure rapid recovery, resumption and maintenance of the institution&#39;s operations after a cyberattack. If the Company

or the Bank fails to meet the expectations set forth in this regulatory guidance, the Company or the Bank could be subject to various regulatory actions, including financial penalties. Risks and exposures related to cybersecurity attacks are expected to remain high for the foreseeable future due to the rapidly evolving nature and sophistication of these threats and the expanding use of technology-based products and services. The Company is, however, taking measures to combat these types of threats and manage risk to the Company and its customers.

In October 2016, the federal bank regulatory agencies issued proposed rules on enhanced cybersecurity risk-management and resilience standards that would apply to very large financial institutions and to services provided by third parties to these institutions. The comment period for these proposed rules has closed; however, the final rules have not been published. Although the proposed rules would apply only to bank holding companies and banks with $50 billion or more in total consolidated assets, these rules could influence the federal bank regulatory agencies&#39; expectations and supervisory requirements for information security standards and cybersecurity programs of financial institutions with less than $50 billion in total consolidated assets.

Future Regulation

From time to time, various legislative and regulatory initiatives are introduced in Congress and state legislatures, as well as by regulatory agencies. Such initiatives may include proposals to expand or contract the powers of bank holding companies and depository institutions or proposals to substantially change the financial institution regulatory system. Such legislation could change banking statutes and the operating environment of the Company and the Bank in substantial and unpredictable ways. If enacted, such legislation could increase or decrease the cost of doing business, limit or expand permissible activities, or affect the competitive balance among banks, savings associations, credit unions, and other financial institutions. The Company cannot predict whether any such legislation will be enacted, and, if enacted, the effect that it, or any implementing regulations, would have on the financial condition or results of operations of the Company or the Bank.

Effect of Governmental Monetary Policies

The Company&#39;s operations are affected not only by general economic conditions but also by the policies of various regulatory authorities. In particular, the Federal Reserve uses monetary policy tools to impact money market and credit market conditions and interest rates to influence general economic conditions. These policies have a significant impact on overall growth and distribution of loans, investments, and deposits; they affect market interest rates charged on loans or paid for time and savings deposits. Federal Reserve monetary policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks, including the Company, in the past and are expected to do so in the future.

Tax Reform

On December 22, 2017, the President of the United States signed into law the Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Tax Act"). The legislation made key changes to the U.S. tax law, including the reduction of the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from a maximum of 35% to a flat 21%, effective January 1, 2018.

Reporting Obligations under Securities Laws; Availability of Information

The Company is subject to the periodic and other reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, including the filing of annual, quarterly and other reports with the SEC. Prior to the Reorganization, the Bank filed the periodic and annual reports required under the Exchange Act with the OCC. Annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K, plus any amendments to these reports, are available, free of charge, at www.vnbcorp.com. The Company&#39;s SEC filings are posted and available as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are filed electronically with the SEC. The information on the Company&#39;s website is not incorporated into this report or any other filing the Company makes with the SEC. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.

Employees

At December 31, 2019, the Company had 97 full time equivalent employees. None of its employees are represented by any collective bargaining unit. The Company considers relations with its employees to be good.

The Company owns Bank Owned Life Insurance ("BOLI") policies on each executive officer and certain other senior officers of the Company. BOLI is a bank-eligible asset designed to recover costs of providing pre- and post-retirement benefits and/or to finance general employee benefit expenses. Under BOLI policies, each executive officer and certain other senior officers of the Company are the insured, and the Company is the owner and beneficiary of the policies. The insured has no claim to the insurance policy or to the policy&#39;s cash value. Under separate split dollar agreements, a portion of any death benefit may be paid to the beneficiaries of the insured officer, subject to the terms and restrictions of the split dollar endorsement agreement between the insured officer and the Company.

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS.

Not required

Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

Aucun

Item 2. PROPERTIES.

The Company and its subsidiaries currently occupy five full-service banking facilities in Charlottesville, Winchester, and Albemarle County. The Company&#39;s main office, a full-service banking facility, operations, and offices of both Masonry Capital and Sturman Wealth Advisors are located at 404 People Place, Charlottesville, Virginia. Full-service banking facilities are also located at 222 East Main Street, Charlottesville, Virginia; 1580 Seminole Trail, Charlottesville, Virginia; 1900 Arlington Boulevard, Charlottesville, Virginia; and 3119 Valley Avenue, #102, Winchester, Virginia. VNB Trust and Estate Services is located at 112 Third Street, SE, Charlottesville, Virginia, which is part of the same leased space that the Company uses to operate a drive-through location at 301 East Water Street, Charlottesville, Virginia. The Company closed its banking facility at the 102 East Main Street, Orange, Virginia location effective April 13, 2018. The Bank offers messenger services to customers previously serviced through the Orange Office.

The five-story building located at 404 People Place, Charlottesville, Virginia (the "Pantops Building"), just east of the Charlottesville city limits on Pantops Mountain, was constructed by the Bank on a pad site leased in 2005 from Pantops Park, LLC for a term of twenty years, with seven five-year renewal options. William D. Dittmar, Jr., a director of the Company, is the manager and indirect owner of Pantops Park, LLC. Monthly rent for this space is a fair market rate as verified by an independent third-party appraisal. The building, consisting of approximately 43,000 square feet, was completed in early 2008, and the Bank opened this full-service office in April, 2008. In addition to the Company&#39;s use of this building as outlined in the preceding paragraph, a portion of the additional space is leased to tenants.

The property located at 1580 Seminole Trail, Charlottesville, Virginia has been fully owned by the Company since 2012. As of December 31, 2019, all of the other locations were leased from parties other than related parties other than the Pantops Building. The banking facility located at 1900 Arlington Boulevard, Charlottesville, Virginia, was constructed by the Bank on a pad site which is leased by the Company; this facility has additional space not occupied by the banking facility that has been leased to tenants.

See Note 5 – Premises and Equipment and Note 6 – Leases in the notes to consolidated financial statements in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for information with respect to the amounts at which the Company&#39;s premises and equipment are carried and commitments under long-term leases.

Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

In the ordinary course of its operations, the Company and/or its subsidiaries are parties to various legal proceedings from time to time. Based on the information presently available, and after consultation with legal counsel, management believes that the ultimate outcome of such proceedings, in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the business or financial condition of the Company and its subsidiaries.

Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable

Part II

Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT&#39;S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Common Stock Performance and Dividends

Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s common stock is quoted on the OTC Markets Group&#39;s OTCQX tier ("OTCQX") under the symbol VABK. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had issued and outstanding 2,692,005 shares of common stock, which included 4,000 shares of restricted stock that have not yet vested. These shares were held by approximately 450 registered shareholders of record, not including beneficial holders of securities held in street name at a brokerage or other firm.

]The payment of dividends is at the discretion of the Company&#39;s Board of Directors and is subject to various federal and state regulatory limitations. As a bank holding company, the ability to pay dividends is dependent upon the overall performance and capital requirements of the Bank.

The data in the table below represents the high bid and low bid quotations that occurred for the periods shown, as reported by the OTCQX, for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. These over-the-counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up,mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions. Additionally, the table shows the dividends declared per quarter in 2019 and 2018.

Bid Quotations

Dividends Declared

2019

2018

2019

2018

Élevé

Low

Élevé

Low

First Quarter

$

37.38

$

32.81

$

42.00

$

39.00

$

0.30

$

0.19

Second Quarter

$

37.21

$

35.90

$

48.00

$

41.15

$

0.30

$

0.30

Third Quarter

$

37.06

$

35.77

$

49.00

$

45.30

$

0.30

$

0.30

Fourth Quarter

$

37.69

$

37.07

$

46.05

$

34.50

$

0.30

$

0.30

Total

$

1.20

$

1.09

On June 13, 2019, the Company&#39;s Board of Directors declared a 5% stock dividend to be paid on July 5, 2019 to shareholders of record as of June 26, 2019. In addition, on March 16, 2018, the Company&#39;s Board of Directors declared a 5% stock dividend to be paid on April 13, 2018 to shareholders of record as of April 3, 2018. Shareholders received cash in lieu of fractional shares. American Stock Transfer and Trust Company is the Company&#39;s stock transfer agent and registrar.

Recent Issuances of Unregistered Securities

During the past three years, the Company issued unregistered shares of the Company&#39;s common stock as outlined in the table below in connection with the exercise of stock options by current directors, former directors and employees under (a) the Company&#39;s 2003 Stock Incentive Plan and (b) the Company&#39;s Amended and Restated 2005 Stock Incentive Plan prior to the registration of that plan on Form S-8 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 25, 2017. These shares were not registered under the Securities Act and were issued in reliance upon the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act on the basis that such issuance did not involve any public offering. Shares issued prior to July 5, 2019 and/or April 13, 2018 have been adjusted for the 5% stock dividends effective on such dates.

Total

Number of

Weighted

Shares

Average

Date

Issued

Exercise Price

First Quarter, 2017

14,478

$

16.79

Second Quarter, 2017

11,137

$

20.12

Third Quarter, 2017

2,451

$

16.56

First Quarter, 2019

4,902

$

16.56

Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

Not required.

Item 7. MANAGEMENT&#39;S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

The following discussion provides information about the major components of the results of operations and financial condition, liquidity, and capital resources of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes to consolidated financial statements in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Application of Critical Accounting Policies and Critical Accounting Critical Estimates

The accounting and reporting policies followed by the Company conform, in all material respects, to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") and to general practices within the financial services industry. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. While the Company bases estimates on historical experience, current information, and other factors deemed to be relevant, actual results could differ from those estimates.

The Company considers accounting estimates to be critical to reported financial results if (i) the accounting estimate requires management to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain and (ii) different estimates that management reasonably could have used for the accounting estimate in the current period, or changes in the accounting estimate that are reasonably likely to occur from period to period, could have a material impact on the Company&#39;s financial statements. The Company&#39;s accounting policies are fundamental to understanding management&#39;s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations.

Following are the accounting policies and estimates that the Company considers as critical:

  • Allowance for loan losses is a reserve established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense, which represents management&#39;s best estimate of probable losses that are inherent in the loan portfolio. Accounting policies related to the allowance for loan losses are considered to be critical, as these policies involve considerable subjective judgment and estimation by management. The Company&#39;s allowance for loan loss methodology includes allowance allocations calculated in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 310, "Receivables" and allowance allocations calculated in accordance with ASC Topic 450, "Contingencies." The level of the allowance reflects management&#39;s continuing evaluation of: industry concentrations; specific credit risks; loan loss experience; current loan portfolio quality; present economic, political and regulatory conditions; and unidentified losses inherent in the current loan portfolio, as well as trends in the foregoing. Portions of the allowance may be allocated for specific credits; however, the entire allowance is available for any credit that, in management&#39;s judgment, should be charged off. While management utilizes its best judgment and information available, the ultimate adequacy of the allowance is dependent upon a variety of factors beyond the Company&#39;s control, including the performance of the Company&#39;s loan portfolio, the economy, changes in interest rates and the view of the regulatory authorities toward loan classifications. See the section captioned "Allowance for Loan Losses" elsewhere in this discussion and Note 3 – Loans and Note 4 – Allowance for Loan Losses in the notes to consolidated financial statements, included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, elsewhere in this report for further details of the risk factors considered by management in estimating the necessary level of the allowance for loan losses.
  • Impaired loans are loans so designated when, based on current information and events, it is probable the Company will be unable to collect all amounts when due in accordance with the original contractual terms of the loan agreement, including scheduled principal and interest payments. If a loan is impaired, a specific valuation allowance is allocated, if necessary, so that the loan is reported net of the impairment, using either the present value of estimated future cash flows at the loan&#39;s existing rate or at the fair value of collateral if repayment is expected solely from the collateral. Any fair value adjustments are recorded in the period incurred as provision for loan losses on the Consolidated Statements of Income. Additional information on impaired loans, which includes both Troubled Debt Restructurings ("TDRs") and non-accrual loans, is included in Note 3 – Loans and Note 4 – Allowance for Loan Losses in the notes to consolidated financial statements.
  • Fair value measurements are used by the Company to record fair value adjustments to certain assets and liabilities and to determine fair value disclosures. The Company&#39;s valuation methodologies may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realized value or reflective of future fair values. While management believes the Company&#39;s valuation methodologies are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different estimate of fair value at the reporting date. Additional discussion of valuation methodologies is presented in Note 15 – Fair Value Measurements in the notes to consolidated financial statements.
  • Other-than-temporaryimpairment of securities accounting policies require a periodic review by management to determine if the decline in the fair value of any security appears to be other- than-temporary. Factors considered in determining whether the decline is other-than-temporary include, but are not limited to: the length of time and the extent to which fair value has been below cost; the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer; and the Company&#39;s intent to sell. See Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 2 – Securities, in the notes to consolidated financial statements, for further details on the accounting policies for other- than-temporary impairment of securities and the methodology used by management to make this evaluation.
  • Intangible Asset accounting policies require that goodwill and other intangible assets acquired in a purchase business combination and determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized, but tested for impairment at least annually, or more frequently if events and circumstances exist that indicate that a goodwill impairment test should be performed. Intangible assets with definite useful lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives, which range from 3 to 10 years, to their estimated residual values. Goodwill is the only intangible asset with an indefinite life on the Company&#39;s Consolidated Balance Sheets. See Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 7 – Intangible Assets, in the notes to consolidated financial statements, for further detail on the accounting policies for intangible assets.
  • Income Tax accounting policies have the objective to recognize the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and the deferred tax assets and liabilities for future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in an entity&#39;s financial statements or tax returns. Judgment is required in assessing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the Company&#39;s consolidated financial statements or tax returns. Fluctuations in the actual outcome of these future tax consequences could impact the Company&#39;s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
    On December 22, 2017, the President of the United States signed into law the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("Tax Act"). The legislation significantly changed U.S. tax law by, among other things, lowering corporate income tax rates, implementing a territorial tax system, and imposing a repatriation tax on deemed repatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries. The Tax Act permanently reduced the U.S. corporate income tax rate from a maximum of 35% to a flat 21% rate, effective January 1, 2018. The Securities and Exchange Commission staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 to address the application of U.S. GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act. The Company recognized the provisional tax impacts related to the revaluation of deferred tax assets and liabilities and included these amounts in its Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2017.
    See Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 9 – Income Taxes, in the notes to consolidated financial statements, for further detail on the accounting policies for income taxes and for components of the deferred tax assets and liabilities.

Non-GAAP Presentations

The Company, in referring to its net income and net interest income, is referring to income computed in accordance with GAAP, unless otherwise noted. Management&#39;s Discussion and Analysis of Consolidated Financial Condition and Results of Operations also refer to various calculations that are non-GAAP presentations. They include:

  • Fully taxable-equivalent ("FTE") adjustments – Net interest margin and efficiency ratios are presented on an FTE basis, consistent with SEC guidance in Industry Guide 3 which states that tax exempt income may be calculated on a tax-equivalentbasis. This is a non-GAAPpresentation. The FTE basis adjusts for the tax-exemptstatus of net interest income from certain investments using a federal tax rate of 21%, where applicable, to increase tax-exemptinterest income to a taxable-equivalentbasis.
    O. Net interest income is discussed in Management&#39;s Discussion and Analysis on a GAAP basis unless noted as "FTE," and the reconcilement below shows the fully taxable-equivalent adjustment to net interest income to aid the reader in understanding the computations of net interest margin and the efficiency ratio on a non-GAAP basis.
    O. Net interest margin – Net interest margin (FTE) is calculated as net interest income, computed on an FTE basis, expressed as a percentage of average earning assets. The Company believes this measure to be the preferred industry measurement of net interest margin and that it enhances comparability of net interest margin among peers in the industry.
    O. Efficiency ratio – One of the ratios the Company examines in its evaluation of net income is the efficiency ratio, which measures the cost to produce one dollar of revenue. The Company computes its efficiency ratio (FTE) by dividing noninterest expense by the sum of net interest income (FTE) and noninterest income. A lower ratio is an indicator of increased operational efficiency. This non-GAAP metric is used to assist investors in understanding how management assesses its ability to generate revenues from its non-funding-related expense base, as well as to align presentation of this financial measure with peers in the industry. The Company believes this measure to be the preferred industry measurement of operational efficiency, which is consistent with Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") studies.
  • Operating income and performance measures exclude nonrecurring tax expenses, which occurred as a result of the enactment of the Tax Act in December 2017 as previously discussed. under Application of Critical Accounting Policies. Management believes that the exclusion of the significant one-timeeffect of the Act provides users of the Company&#39;s financial information a presentation of the Company&#39;s financial results that is representative of its ongoing operations. Management uses these non-GAAPmeasures to evaluate the Company&#39;s operating performance on a basis comparable to other financial periods. Dans ce non-GAAPpresentation, the income tax expense related to the revaluation of the Company&#39;s net deferred tax asset is added to the Company&#39;s net income. Net income is discussed in Management&#39;s Discussion and Analysis on a GAAP basis unless noted as "non-GAAP."

The reconcilement below shows how these non-GAAP measures are computed from their respective GAAP measures (dollars in thousands except per share amounts):

Reconcilement of Non-GAAP Measures:

Year Ended December 31

2019

2018

2017

Fully taxable-equivalent (FTE) measures

Net interest income

$

21,924

$

22,896

$

21,377

Fully taxable-equivalent adjustment

78

91

148

Net interest income (FTE)

$

22,002

$

22,987

$

21,525

Efficiency ratio

65.1

%

56.3

%

58.3%

Impact of FTE adjustment

-0.2

%

-0.1

%

-0.3

%

Efficiency ratio (FTE)

64.9

%

56.2

%

58.0%

Net interest margin

3.56

%

3.79

%

3.61%

Fully tax-equivalent adjustment

0.01

%

0.01

%

0.02

%

Net interest margin (FTE)

3.57

%

3.80

%

3.63%

Operating income and performance measures

Net income

$

6,689

$

8,470

$

6,554

Plus nonrecurring tax expense

963

Net operating income (non-GAAP)

$

6,689

$

8,470

$

7,517

Net income per share, diluted *

$

2.49

$

3.15

$

2.46

Impact of nonrecurring tax expense

0.36

Net operating income per share, diluted (non-GAAP) *

$

2.49

$

3.15

$

2.82

Return on average assets

1.02

%

1.33

%

1.05

%

Impact of nonrecurring tax expense

0.00

%

0.00

%

0.15%

Operating return on average assets (non-GAAP)

1.02

%

1.33

%

1.20

%

Return on average equity

8.99%

12.39%

10.36%

Impact of nonrecurring tax expense

0.00

%

0.00

%

1.52

%

]Operating return on average equity (non-GAAP)

8.99

%

12.39

%

11.88%

  • Adjusted to reflect the 5% stock dividends effective July 5, 2019 and April 13, 2018.

Results of Operations

Consolidated Return on Assets and Equity and Other Key Ratios

The annualized ratio of net income to average total assets and average shareholders&#39; equity and certain other ratios for the periods indicated are as follows:

2019

2018

2017

Return on average assets

1.02

%

1.33

%

]1.05

%

Operating return on average asset (non-GAAP)

]1.02%

1.33%

1.20%

Return on average equity

8.99

%

12.39

%

10.36

%

Operating return on average equity (non-GAAP)

8.99%

12.39%

11.88%

Average equity to average assets

11.32

%

10.70

%

10.11

%

Cash dividend payout ratio (adjusted for 5% stock dividends)

48.19%

32.93%

24.81%

Efficiency ratio (FTE)

64.90

%

56.16

%

57.95

%

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $6.7 million, or $2.49 per diluted share, a 21.0% decrease compared to $8.5 million, or $3.15 per diluted share, as adjusted for the 5% stock dividend effective July 5, 2019, for the year ended December 31, 2018. This $1.8 million decrease was primarily the result of an increase of $1.9 million in noninterest expense and a $972,000 decrease in the net interest income. Positively affecting net income for 2019 compared to 2018 was a decrease of $498,000 in the provision for loan losses and a $542,000 decrease in provision for income taxes.

The efficiency ratio (FTE) was 64.9% for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to 56.2% for the same period of 2018, increasing due to the higher level of noninterest expense and the lower level of net interest income.

The Company has four reportable segments: the Bank, VNB Trust and Estate Services, Sturman Wealth Advisors, and Masonry Capital.

  • Bank – The Bank&#39;s commercial banking activities involve making loans, taking deposits and offering related services to individuals, businesses and charitable organizations. Loan fee income, service charges from deposit accounts, and other non-interest-related revenue, such as fees for debit cards and ATM usage and fees for treasury management services, generate additional income for this segment.
  • Sturman Wealth Advisors This segment offers wealth and investment advisory services. Revenue for this segment is generated primarily from investment advisory and financial planning fees, with a small and decreasing portion attributable to brokerage commissions. During February 2016, the Company purchased the book of business, including interest in the client relationships, ("Purchased Relationships"), from a current officer (the "Seller") of the Company pursuant to an employment and asset purchase agreement (the "Purchase Agreement"). Prior to becoming an employee of the Company and until the Effective Date of the sale, the Seller provided services to the Purchased Relationships as a sole proprietor. Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, the Company will receive all future revenue for investment management, advisory, brokerage, insurance, consulting, and related services performed for the Purchased Relationships. More information on this purchase can be found under Intangible Assets in Note 7 of the notes to consolidated financial statements, which is found in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
  • VNB Trust and Estate Services – This segment offers corporate trustee services, trust and estate administration, IRA administration and custody services and, prior to January 1, 2020, offered in- house investment management services. Revenue for this segment is generated from administration, service and custody fees, as well as management fees which are derived from Assets Under Management. Investment management services currently are offered through affiliated and third-party managers. In addition, royalty income, in the form of fixed and/or incentive fees, from the sale of Swift Run Capital Management, LLC in 2013 is reported as income of VNB Trust and Estate Services. More information on royalty income and the related sale can be found under Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Note 1 of the notes to consolidated financial statements, which is found in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
  • Masonry Capital – Masonry Capital offers investment management services for separately managed accounts and a private investment fund employing a value-based,catalyst-driven investment strategy. Revenue for this segment is generated from management fees which are derived from Assets Under Management and incentive income which is based on the investment returns generated on performance-based Assets Under Management.

The Bank segment earned net income of $6.8 million in 2019, a $1.1 million decrease over the $7.9 million netted in 2018. Sturman Wealth Advisors and VNB Trust and Estate Services earned $11,000 and $90,000 in 2019, respectively. Masonry Capital realized a net loss of $210,000 in the same period. Prior to January 1, 2019, the Company had two reportable segments, the Bank and VNB Wealth. The VNB Wealth segment recorded net income of $592,000 in 2018.

Details of the changes in the various components of net income are further discussed below.

23

Net Interest Income

Net interest income is computed as the difference between the interest income on earning assets and the interest expense on deposits and other interest bearing liabilities. Net interest income represents the principal source of revenue for the Company and accounted for 79.8% of the total revenue in 2019. Net interest margin (FTE) is the ratio of taxable-equivalent net interest income to average earning assets for the period. The level of interest rates and the volume and mix of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities impact net interest income (FTE) and net interest margin (FTE).

The following table details the average balance sheet, including an analysis of net interest income (FTE) for earning assets and interest bearing liabilities, for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017.

Consolidated Average Balance Sheets and Analysis of Net Interest Income (FTE)

Year Ended December 31, 2019

Year Ended December 31, 2018

Year Ended December 31, 2017

Interest

Average

Interest

Average

Interest

Average

Average

Income

Yield/

Average

Income

Yield/

Average

Income

Yield/

(dollars in thousands)

Balance

Expense

Cost

Balance

Expense

Cost

Balance

Expense

Cost

ASSETS

Interest earning assets:

Securities

Taxable securities

$

56,870

$

1,268

2.23 %

$

52,612

$

1,218

2.32 %

$

62,207

$

1,211

1.95 %

Tax exempt securities 1

11,266

368

3.27

%

13,547

431

3.18

%

12,627

436

3.45

%

Total securities 1

68,136

1,636

2.40 %

66,159

1,649

2.49 %

74,834

1,647

2.20 %

Loans:

Real estate

361,578

16,397

4.53 %

355,135

15,584

4.39 %

332,936

13,955

4.19 %

Commercial

84,778

3,237

3.82

%

84,175

3,270

3.88

%

75,863

2,761

3.64

%

Consumer

77,419

4,546

5.87 %

88,626

5,065

5.72 %

83,134

4,148

4.99 %

Total Loans

523,775

24,180

4.62

%

527,936

23,919

4.53

%

491,933

20,864

4.24

%

Fed funds sold

23,873

459

1.92 %

10,834

209

1.93 %

24,982

241

0.96 %

Other interest bearing deposits

]-

612

7

1.14

%

Total earning assets

615,784

26,275

4.27 %

604,929

25,777

4.26 %

592,361

22,759

3.84 %

Less: Allowance for loan

losses

(4,653

)

(4,358

)

(3,726

)

Total non-earning assets

44,065

38,338

37,469

Total assets

$

]655,196

$

]638,909

$

626,104

LIABILITIES AND

SHAREHOLDERS&#39; EQUITY

Interest bearing liabilities:

Interest bearing deposits:

Interest checking

$

106,103

$

210

0.20 %

$

]91,117

$

69

0.08 %

$

98,902

$

49

0.05 %

Money market and

savings deposits

181,459

1,829

1.01

%

158,072

1,064

0.67

%

141,805

418

0.29

%

Time deposits

119,416

2,146

1.80 %

116,782

1,259

1.08 %

]121,974

663

0.54 %

Total interest-bearing deposits

406,978

4,185

1.03 %

365,971

2,392

0.65 %

362,681

1,130

0.31 %

Repurchase agreements

]and other borrowed

funds

3,417

88

2.58

%

30,370

398

1.31

%

21,842

104

0.48

%

Total interest-bearing liabilities

410,395

4,273

]1.04 %

396,341

2,790

0.70 %

384,523

1,234

0.32 %

Non-Interest-Bearing Liabilities:

Demand deposits

166,214

172,736

177,073

Other liabilities

4,399

]1,452

1,241

Total liabilities

581,008

570,529

562,837

Shareholders&#39; equity

74,188

68,380

63,267

Total liabilities & shareholders&#39;

equity

$

655,196

$

638,909

$

626,104

Net interest income (FTE)

$

22,002

$

22,987

$

21,525

Interest rate spread 2

3.23 %

3.56 %

3.52 %

]Interest expense as a

percentage of average

earning assets

0.69

%

0.46

%

0.21

%

Net interest margin (FTE) 3

3.57 %

3.80 %

3.63 %

  1. Tax-exemptincome for investment securities has been adjusted to a fully tax-equivalent basis (FTE), using a Federal income tax rate of 21% for 2019 and 2018 and 34% for 2017. Refer to the Reconcilement of Non-GAAP Measures table within the Non-GAAP Presentations earlier in this section.
  1. Interest rate spread is the average yield earned on earning assets less the average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities.
  2. Net interest margin (FTE) is net interest income expressed as a percentage of average earning assets.

The purpose of the volume and rate analysis below is to describe the impact on the net interest income (FTE) of the Company resulting from changes in average balances and average interest rates for the periods indicated. The change in interest due to both volume and rate has been allocated to volume and rate changes in proportion to the relationship of the absolute dollar amounts of the change in each. Interest income is reported on a tax-equivalent basis.

Volume and Rate Analysis

2019 compared to 2018 (dollars in thousands)

Change due to:

Increase/

Volume

Rate

(Decrease)

Assets:

Securities

$

48

(61) $

(13)

Loans:

Real estate

286

527

813

Commercial

23

(56

)

(33

)

Consumer

(655)

136

(519)

Total loans

(346

)

607

261

Federal funds sold

251

(1)

250

Total earning assets

$

(47

)

$

545

$

498

Liabilities and Shareholders&#39; equity:

Interest-bearing deposits:

Interest checking

$

13

128

$

141

Money market and savings

175

590

765

Time deposits

29

858

887

Total interest-bearing deposits

217

1,576

1,793

Repurchase agreements and other borrowings

(517)

207

(310)

Total interest-bearing liabilities

(300

)

1,783

1,483

Change in net interest income

$

253

$

(1,238)

$

(985)

2018 compared to 2017(dollars in thousands)

Change due to:

Increase/

Volume

Rate

(Decrease)

Assets:

Securities

$

(203)

205

$

2

Loans:

Real estate

956

673

1,629

Commercial

315

194

509

Consumer

286

631

917

Total loans

1,557

1,498

3,055

Federal funds sold

(186)

154

(32)

Other interest bearing deposits

(7

)

(7

)

Total earning assets

$

1,161

$

1,857

$

3,018

Liabilities and Shareholders&#39; equity:

Interest-bearing deposits:

Interest checking

$

(4

)

24

$

20

Money market and savings

53

593

646

Time deposits

(29

)

625

596

Total interest-bearing deposits

20

1,242

1,262

Repurchase agreements and other borrowings

54

240

294

Total interest-bearing liabilities

74

1,482

1,556

Change in net interest income

$

1,087

$

375

$

1,462

For the twelve months of 2019, net interest income (FTE) of $22.0 million was recognized, a decline of $985,000 or 4.3% over the same period in 2018. Net interest income (FTE) for 2018 totaled $23.0 million and was $1.5 million higher than the 2017 total of $21.5 million. Average earning assets increased $10.9 million or 1.8% in 2019 compared to 2018 and increased $12.6 million in 2018 compared to 2017. The increase in rates paid on deposits in 2019 compared to 2018 significantly outpaced the yield gained from increased rates on loans. From 2017 to 2018, the increase in yields on loans as well as the volume of loans contributed to the rise in net interest income. The average balance for loans as a percentage of earnings assets for 2019 was 85.1%, compared to 87.3% and 83.0% in 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The 2019 net interest margin (FTE) declined 23 basis points to 3.57% from 3.80% for the year ended December 31, 2018. The 2018 net interest margin (FTE) improved 17 basis points from 3.63% for the year ended December 31, 2017. The tax-equivalent yield on average earning assets for 2019 of 4.27% was one basis point higher than the 2018 yield of 4.26% and was 43 basis points higher than the 2017 yield of 3.84%. Loan yields for 2019 were 4.62%, a positive trend compared to the loan yields of 4.53% and 4.24% for 2018 and 2017, respectively. Average loans for 2019 of $523.8 million were $4.1 million lower than the 2018 average of $527.9 million; 2018&#39;s average loan balances were $36.0 million higher than the prior year&#39;s average of $491.9 million.

Interest expense as a percentage of average earning assets increased to 69 basis points for 2019, compared to 46 and 21 basis points for 2018 and 2017, respectively. Net interest margin will be impacted by future changes in short-term and long-term interest rate levels on deposits, as well as the impact from the competitive environment. A continuing primary driver of the Company&#39;s low cost of funds is the Company&#39;s level of non-interest bearing demand deposits and low-cost deposit accounts. Below is a table illustrating the average balances of these accounts as a percentage of total deposit account balances.

Non-interest and low-cost deposit account analysis

(dollars in thousands)

2019

2018

2017

Average % of Total

Average % of Total

Average % of Total

Balance Deposits

Balance Deposits

Balance

Deposits

Non-interest demand deposits

$

166,214

29.0

%

$

172,736

32.1

%

$

177,073

32.8

%

Interest checking accounts

106,103

18.5%

91,117

16.9%

98,902

18.3%

Money market and savings

deposit accounts

181,459

31.7

%

158,072

29.3

%

141,805

26.3

%

Total non-interest and low-cost

deposit accounts

$453,776

79.2% $421,925

78.3% $417,780

77.4%

Total deposit account balances

$

573,192

$

538,707

$

539,754

Provision for Loan Losses

The level of the allowance reflects changes in the size of the portfolio or in any of its components, as well as management&#39;s continuing evaluation of industry concentrations, specific credit risks, loan loss experience, current loan portfolio quality, and economic, political and regulatory conditions. Additional information concerning management&#39;s methodology in determining the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses is contained later in this section under Allowance for Loan Losses, in addition to Note 1 and Note 4 of the notes to consolidated financial statements, found in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Based on management&#39;s continuing evaluation of the loan portfolio in 2019, the Company recorded a provision for loan losses of $1.4 million, compared to a provision of $1.9 million in 2018. The significant increase in the 2018 provision for loan losses was due to the insolvency of ReliaMax Surety Company ("ReliaMax Surety"), the South Dakota insurance company which issued the surety bonds on the student loan portfolios. ReliaMax Surety was placed into liquidation, and the surety bonds were terminated on July 27, 2018. The decrease in the 2019 provision for loan losses was primarily attributed to the recapture of a portion of the provision previously allocated to a shared national credit that was sold during the year and the decline in student loan balances year-over-year.

The allowance for loan losses as a percentage of total loans was 0.78% at December 31, 2019 compared to 0.91% at December 31, 2018.

The following is a summary of the changes in the allowance for loan losses for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017:

(dollars in thousands)

2019

2018

2017

Allowance for loan losses, January 1

$

4,891

$

4,043

$

3,688

Charge-offs

(2,259)

(1,097)

(111)

Recoveries

202

72

48

Provision for loan losses

1,375

1,873

418

Allowance for loan losses, December 31

$

4,209

$

4,891

$

4,043

Allowance for loan losses as a percentage

of period-end total loans

0.78

%

0.91

%

0.76

%

Noninterest Income

The major components of noninterest income are detailed below. Year-to-year variances are shown for each noninterest income category.

(dollars in thousands)

For the year ended December 31

Variance

2019

2018

$

%

Noninterest income:

Trust income

$

1,698

$

1,665

$

33

2.0%

Advisory and brokerage income

605

565

40

7.1

%

Royalty income

17

585

(568)

-97.1%

Customer service fees

766

909

(143

)

-15.7

%

ATM, debit and credit card fees

723

747

(24)

-3.2%

Earnings/increase in value of bank owned life

insurance

798

446

352

78.9

%

Fees on mortgage sales

189

193

(4)

-2.1%

Gains on sales and calls of securities

74

74

Losses on sales of assets

(33)

33

Other

681

453

228

50,3

%

Total noninterest income

$

5,551

$

5,530

$

21

0.4%

Noninterest income of $5.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 experienced a net increase over the prior year by $21,000, as a result of the following variances:

  • Earnings from bank owned life insurance increased $352,000 as a result of a death benefit received following the death of a former employee.
  • Other noninterest income increased $228,000, primarily due to the collection of $212,000 in loan swap fees during 2019. No swap fee income was realized in 2018.
  • Royalty income was $568,000 higher in 2018 due to the receipt of the Bank&#39;s portion of annual performance fees earned by SRCM in 2017. See Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for further details regarding the Company&#39;s sale agreement with SRCM.
  • Customer service fees declined $143,000 due to lower commercial service charges and lower return check and overdraft fees.

Noninterest Expense

Noninterest expense of $17.9 million reported for 2019 increased $1.9 million or 11.7% from the $16.0 million for the same period of 2018. The major components of noninterest expense are detailed below. Year-over-year variances are shown for each noninterest expense category.

(dollars in thousands)

For the year ended December 31

Variance

2019

2018

$

%

Noninterest expense:

Salaries and employee benefits

$

9,249

$

8,036

$

1,213

15.1%

Net occupancy

1,824

1,835

(11

)

-0.6

%

Equipment

430

500

(70)

-14.0%

ATM, debit and credit card

190

207

(17

)

-8.2

%

Bank franchise tax

591

469

122

26.0%

Computer software

529

424

105

24.8

%

Data processing

1,236

1,088

148

13.6%

FDIC deposit insurance assessment

36

189

(153

)

-81.0

%

Marketing, advertising and promotion

539

715

(176)

-24.6%

Professional fees

771

797

(26

)

-3.3

%

Settlement of claims

460

460

Other

2,029

1,754

275

15.7

%

Total noninterest expense

$

17,884

$

16,014

$

1,870

11.7%

Salaries and employee benefits accounted for $1.2 million of the increase from December 31, 2018 to December 31, 2019. This increase was due to an overall increase in salaries from the increased number of employees, predominantly experienced commercial loan officers in the Richmond and Roanoke markets and the cyber security and network team, as well as increased stock grant and other expense for executive management. At December 31, 2019, the Company had 97 full-time equivalent employees compared to 86 at year-end 2018.

Settlement of claims amounted to $460,000 in 2019 in connection with the final settlement of pending and threatened legal proceedings. Data processing expense increased $148,000 over the prior year, due to the implementation of software to enhance our lending operations and to assist in the future adoption of the current expected credit losses model. Management continues to evaluate expense categories for potential reductions that would have a positive impact on net income on an ongoing basis.

Provision for Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes is based upon the results of operations, adjusted for the effect of certain tax-exempt income and non-deductible expenses. In addition, certain items of income and expense are reported in different periods for financial reporting and tax return purposes. The tax effects of these temporary differences are recognized currently in the deferred income tax provision or benefit. Deferred tax assets or liabilities are computed based on the difference between the financial statement and the income tax bases of assets and liabilities using the applicable enacted marginal tax rate.

For 2019, the Company provided $1.5 million for Federal income taxes, resulting in an effective income tax rate of 18.6%. In 2018, the Company provided $2.1 million for Federal income taxes, resulting in an effective income tax rate of 19.6%. The effective income tax rate for 2019 and 2018 was lower than the U.S. statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the effect of tax-exempt income from municipal bonds and bank owned life insurance policies. The tax benefits from the tax-exempt income in 2019 and 2018 were $230,000 and $168,000, respectively. The lower effective tax rate for 2019 compared to the prior year and the statutory rate was primarily related to the non-taxability of the death proceeds from bank owned life insurance.

More information on income taxes, including net deferred taxes can be found in Note 9 – Income Taxes of the notes to consolidated financial statements which is found in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

BALANCE SHEET ANALYSIS

Securities

The investment securities portfolio has a primary role in the management of the Company&#39;s liquidity requirements and interest rate sensitivity, as well as generating significant interest income. Investment securities also play a key role in diversifying the Company&#39;s balance sheet. In addition, a portion of the investment securities portfolio is pledged as collateral for public fund deposits. Changes in deposit and other funding balances and in loan production will impact the overall level of the investment portfolio.

As of December 31, 2019, the Company&#39;s investment portfolio totaled $115.7 million, with obligations of U.S. government corporations and government-sponsored enterprises amounting to $87.0 million, or approximately 76% of the total. The Company&#39;s investment portfolio totaled $63.1 million as of December 31, 2018.

For the year ended December 31, 2019, proceeds from the sales of securities amounted to $21.1 million, and gross realized gains on these securities were $71,000. An additional $3,000 gain was realized from a call of a security during 2019. Management proactively manages the mix of earning assets and cost of funds to maximize the earning capacity of the Company, and throughout 2019, lower earning securities were sold, resulting in net gains, and the proceeds were either used to purchase higher yielding securities or fund higher earning loans as loan funding needs arose. For the year ended December 31, 2018, there were no sales of securities.

In accordance with ASC 320, "Investments – Debt and Equity Securities," the Company has categorized its unrestricted securities portfolio as Available for Sale ("AFS"). Securities classified as AFS may be sold in the future, prior to maturity. Any decision to sell a security classified as AFS would be based on various factors, including significant movements in interest rates, changes in the maturity mix of the Company&#39;s assets and liabilities, liquidity needs, regulatory capital considerations, and other similar factors. AFS securities are carried at fair value. Net aggregate unrealized gains or losses on these securities are included, net of taxes, as a component of shareholders&#39; equity. All of the Company&#39;s unrestricted securities were investment grade or better as of December 31, 2019. Given the generally high credit quality of the Company&#39;s AFS investment portfolio, management expects to realize all of its investment upon market recovery or the maturity of such instruments and thus believes that any impairment in value is interest-rate-related and therefore temporary. AFS securities included gross unrealized gains of $358,000 and gross unrealized losses of $412,000 as of December 31, 2019.

Carrying Value of Securities

As of December 31,

2019

2018

2017

Securities Available for Sale

Fair Value:

U.S. Government Agencies

$

14,952

$

18,974

$

18,962

Corporate Bonds

7,469

Mortgage-Backed Securities/CMOs

71,732

25,063

29,945

Municipal Bonds

19,888

17,355

18,593

Total Debt Securities

114,041

61,392

67,500

Marketable Equity Securities

1

Total Securities Available for Sale

$

114,041

$

61,392

$

67,501

Restricted Securities

Cost:

Federal Reserve Bank Stock

$

1,039

$

1,039

$

1,039

Federal Home Loan Bank Stock

580

580

1,181

CBB Financial Corporation Stock

64

64

64

Total Restricted Securities

$

1,683

$

1,683

$

2,284

30

All mortgage-backed securities included in the above tables were issued by U.S. government agencies and corporations. At December 31, 2019, the securities issued by political subdivisions or agencies were highly rated with 87% of the municipal bonds having AA or higher ratings. Approximately 84% of the municipal bonds are general obligation bonds, and issuers are geographically diverse. The Company held one short-term corporate bond in the amount of $7.5 million as of December 31, 2019 which matures in March 2020. The Company does not hold any derivative instruments. The Company held no issues that exceeded 10% of the Company&#39;s shareholders&#39; equity at December 31, 2019.

The Company&#39;s holdings of restricted securities totaled $1.7 million at December 31, 2019 and 2018, and consisted of stock in Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, stock in Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta, and stock in CBB Financial Corporation, the holding company for Community Bankers&#39; Bank. The Bank is required to hold stock in the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta as a condition of membership with each of these correspondent banks. The amount of stock required to be held by the Bank is periodically assessed by each bank, and the Bank may be subject to purchase or surrender stock held in these banks, as determined by their respective calculations. Stock ownership in the bank holding company for Community Bankers&#39; Bank provides the Bank with several benefits that are not available to non-shareholder correspondent banks. None of these stock issues are traded on the open market and can only be redeemed by the respective issuer. Restricted stock holdings are recorded at cost.

The table shown below details the amortized cost and fair value of available for sale debt securities at December 31, 2019 based upon contractual maturities, by major investment categories. Expected maturities may differ from contractual maturities because issuers have the right to call or prepay obligations. The tax-equivalent yield is based upon a federal tax rate of 21%. Refer to the Reconcilement of Non-GAAP Measures table within the Non-GAAP Presentations section earlier in Item 7.

Maturity Distribution and Average Yields

(dollars in thousands)

Contractual Maturities of Debt Securities

at December 31, 2019

% of Debt

Amortized Cost

Fair Value

Yield (FTE)

Securities

U.S. Government-Sponsored Agencies:

One year or less

$

2,000

$

1,995

1.20%

After one year to five years

13,000

12,957

1.82

%

$

15,000

$

14,952

1.74%

13.2%

Corporate bonds:

One year or less

$

7,469

$

7,469

1.74%

$

7,469

$

7,469

1.74

%

6.5

%

Mortgage-Backed Securities/CMOs

After five years to ten years

$

15,812

$

15,764

1.97

%

After ten years

56,158

55,968

2.24%

$

71,970

$

71,732

2.18

%

63.1

%

Municipal Bonds

One year or less

$

500

$

500

2.22

%

After one year to five years

1,045

1,064

2.63%

After five years to ten years

6,559

6,662

2.81

%

After ten years

11,552

11,662

3.12%

$

19,656

$

19,888

2.97

%

17.2

%

Total Debt Securities Available for Sale

$

114,095

$

114,041

2.23

%

100.0

%

As stated, the preceding table reflects the distribution of the contractual maturities of the investment portfolio at December 31, 2019. Management&#39;s investment portfolio strategy is to structure the portfolio so that it is a constant source of liquidity for the balance sheet. In order to achieve greater liquidity in the

portfolio, securities that have a monthly flow of principal repayments become a key component. To illustrate the difference between contractual maturity and average life, consider the difference for the fixed rate mortgage-backed securities (MBS) component of this portfolio. At December 31, 2019, the weighted average maturity (WAM) of the fixed rate MBS sector was 12.3 years, and the projected average life for this group of securities is 4.0 years.

Another indication of the investment portfolio&#39;s liquidity potential is shown by the projected annual principal cash flow from maturities, callable bonds, and monthly principal repayments. For the next three years, the principal cash flows are estimated to be $22.7 million for 2020, $10.9 million for 2021, and $22.3 million for 2022, based upon rates remaining at current levels. This represents almost 50% of the investment portfolio&#39;s available for sale balance at December 31, 2019 that will be available to support the future liquidity needs of the Company. Cash flow projections are subject to change based upon changes to market interest rates.

Loan Portfolio

The Company&#39;s loan portfolio totaled $539.5 million as of December 31, 2019 or 76.8% of total assets. Loan balances increased $2.3 million from the balance of $537.2 million as of December 31, 2018. The table below shows the composition of the loan portfolio:

Loan Portfolio

(dollars in thousands)

As of December 31,

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

Commercial loans

$

80,588

$

85,027

$

81,365

$

66,217

$

70,868

Real estate construction

17,140

17,524

26,858

15,682

18,911

Real estate mortgage:

Residential

100,718

78,902

70,171

68,291

63,544

Home equity loans

19,939

19,237

22,464

21,934

27,599

Commercial

250,579

254,739

230,216

221,410

178,258

Total real estate mortgage

371,236

352,878

322,851

311,635

269,401

Consumer

70,569

81,761

97,710

88,601

64,484

Total loans

539,533

537,190

528,784

482,135

423,664

Less: Allowance for loan losses

(4,209)

(4,891)

(4,043)

(3,688

)

(3,567)

Net loans

$

535,324

$

532,299

$

524,741

$

478,447

$

420,097

From the $423.7 million outstanding at December 31, 2015, gross loans have increased $115.9 million, or 27.3%. The purchase of loans has augmented organic loan growth over the five-year period and is considered a secondary strategy.

Balances outstanding in purchased loans totaled $119.8 million as of December 31, 2019 and were comprised of:

  • Student loans totaling $44.7 million. The Company purchased two student loan packages in 2015, a third in the fourth quarter of 2016 and a fourth in the fourth quarter of 2017. Along with the purchase of these four packages of student loans, the Company purchased surety bonds to fully insure this portion of the Company&#39;s consumer portfolio. However, during June 2018, ReliaMax Surety, the insurance company which issued the surety bonds, was placed into liquidation due to insolvency. Loss claims were filed for loans in default as of July 27, 2018, when the surety bonds were terminated, and the Company has received payment on the balance of the claims approved by the liquidator. The liquidator anticipates making some distributions related to unearned premiums and plans to communicate the amount in the first half of 2020.
  • Loans guaranteed by a U.S. government agency ("government guaranteed") totaling $35.3 million, inclusive of premium. During the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company began augmenting the commercial and industrial portfolio with government guaranteed loans which represent the portion of loans that are 100% guaranteed by either the United States Department of Agriculture ("USDA") or the Small Business Administration ("SBA"); the originating institution holds the unguaranteed portion of each loan and services it. These government guaranteed portion of loans are typically purchased at a premium. In the event of early prepayment, the Bank may need to write off any unamortized premium.
  • Syndicated loans totaling $6.4 million. Syndicated loans represent shared national credits in leveraged lending transactions and are included in the commercial and industrial portfolio. The Company has developed policies to limit overall credit exposure to the syndicated market, as well as limits by industry and amount per borrower.
  • Mortgage loans totaling $33.4 million, inclusive of premium. In the each of the fourth quarters of 2019 and 2018, the Company purchased a package of 1-4 family residential mortgages. Each of the adjustable rate loans purchased were individually underwritten by the Company prior to the closing of the purchases. The collateral on these loans is located primarily on the East Coast of the United States.

Management will continue to evaluate loan purchase transactions as needed to supplement organic loan growth, as part of the Company&#39;s strategy to strengthen earnings and to optimize the mix of earning assets.

At December 31, 2019, the loan-to-deposit ratio stood at 86.9%, compared to 93.8% at December 31, 2018 and 97.4% at December 31, 2017.

The Company&#39;s objective is to maintain the historically strong credit quality of the loan portfolio by maintaining rigorous underwriting standards. These standards coupled with regular evaluation of the creditworthiness of, and the designation of lending limits for, each borrower has helped the Company achieve this objective. The primary portfolio strategy includes seeking industry and loan size diversification in order to minimize credit exposure and originating loans in markets with which the Company is familiar. The predominant market area for loans includes Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Harrisonburg, Winchester, Frederick County, Richmond, Mechanicsville, Roanoke and areas in the Commonwealth of Virginia that are within a 75 mile radius of any Virginia National Bank location.

Based on underwriting standards, loans may be secured in whole or in part by collateral such as liquid assets, accounts receivable, equipment, inventory and real property. The collateral securing any loan may depend on the type of loan and may vary in value based on market conditions.

The Company&#39;s real estate loan portfolio increased by $18.3 million to a balance of $371.2 million at December 31, 2019 from $352.9 million at December 31, 2018, and represented the only segment with expansion from period to period. This category comprised 68.8% of all loans, and these loans are secured by mortgages on real property located principally in Virginia. Of this amount, approximately $120.7 million represented loans on residential properties. Commercial real estate loans totaled $250.6 million as of December 31, 2019. Sources of repayment are from the borrower&#39;s operating profits, cash flows and liquidation of pledged collateral.

As of December 31, 2019, the Company&#39;s commercial and industrial loan portfolio totaled $80.6 million, a $4.4 million decrease from the balance at year-end 2018. This category, representing approximately 14.9% of all loans, includes loans made to individuals and small to medium-sized businesses, as well as loans purchased on the syndicated and government guaranteed markets. The balance on government guaranteed loans totaled $35.3 million and syndicated loans totaled $6.4 million, inclusive of premium. Purchased loans represented 51.8% of the commercial and industrial loan total at the end of 2019.

Consumer loans, comprised of student loans purchased, revolving credit, and other fixed payment loans, totaled $70.6 million as of December 31, 2019 or 13.1% of all loans. Consumer loans ended 2019 with balances $11.2 million lower than the prior year-end, primarily due to normal amortization and increased charge-offs within the student loan portfolio.

Loans for construction and land development totaled $17.1 million and made up the remaining 3.2% of loans as of December 31, 2019. These loan balances declined by $384,000 compared to December 31, 2018.

The following table presents the maturity/repricing distribution of the Company&#39;s loans at December 31, 2019. The table also presents the portion of loans that have fixed interest rates or variable/floating interest rates that fluctuate over the life of the loans in accordance with changes in an interest rate index such as the Wall Street Journal prime rate, LIBOR rates, or U.S. Treasury bond indices.

Maturities and Sensitivities of Loans to Changes in Interest Rates

(dollars in thousands)

As of December 31, 2019

After One Year

One Year

to under

After Five

or Less

Five Years

Years

Total

Commercial loans

$

18,280

$

43,946

$

18,362

$

80,588

Real estate construction

6,343

6,896

3,901

17,140

Real estate mortgage:

Residential

7,228

46,868

46,622

100,718

Home equity loans

15,805

1,440

2,694

19,939

Commercial

7,247

97,297

146,035

250,579

Consumer

50,339

17,366

2,864

70,569

Total loans

$

105,242

$

213,813

$

220,478

$

539,533

Loans with fixed interest rates

$

6,804

$

78,778

$

82,772

168,354

Loans with floating interest rates

98,438

135,035

137,706

371,179

Total

$

105,242

$

213,813

$

220,478

$

539,533

Loan Asset Quality

Intrinsic to the lending process is the possibility of loss. While management endeavors to minimize this risk, it recognizes that loan losses will occur and that the amount of these losses will fluctuate depending on the risk characteristics of the loan portfolio, which in turn depend on current and future economic conditions, the financial condition of borrowers, the realization of collateral, and the credit management process.

Generally, loans are placed on non-accrual status when management believes, after considering economic and business conditions and collections efforts, that it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement, or when the loan is past due for 90 days or more, unless the debt is both well-secured and in the process of collection.

At December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, the Company had loans classified as non-accrual with balances of $299,000, $615,000, and $177,000, respectively. The 2018 non-accrual balances included $445,000 of student loan balances. The Company received payment in the amount of $311,000 in the fourth quarter of 2019 from the liquidation process. This amount represented the balance of the claims approved by the liquidator.

One government guaranteed loan with a balance of $548,000 and student loans purchased with balances of $209,000, respectively, comprised the majority of the $771,000 in loans over 90 days past due that were still accruing interest as of December 31, 2019.

Troubled debt restructurings ("TDRs") occur when the Company agrees to modify the original terms of a loan by granting a concession that it would not otherwise consider due to the deterioration in the financial condition of the borrower. These concessions are done in an attempt to improve the paying capacity of the borrower, and in some cases to avoid foreclosure, and are made with the intent to restore the loan to a performing status once sufficient payment history can be demonstrated. These concessions could include reductions in the interest rate, payment extensions, forgiveness of principal, forbearance or other actions. TDRs that are considered to be performing continue to accrue interest under the terms of the

restructuring agreement. TDRs that have been placed in non-accrual status are considered to be nonperforming.

Based on regulatory guidance issued in 2016 on Student Lending, the Company classified 67 of its student loans purchased as TDRs for a total of $1.2 million as of December 31, 2019 and 66 of its student loans purchased as TDRs for a total of $1.2 million as of December 31, 2018. Total performing TDR balances remained relatively constant from December 31, 2018 to December 31, 2019 at $2.2 million. The number of TDRs that are still performing was 69 as of December 31, 2019, compared to 67 loans reported for December 31, 2018 and 2017. There were no student loan TDRs that are not performing as of December 31, 2019.

Below is a summary of loans identified with these risk elements:

Non-Accrual Loans

(dollars in thousands)

As of December 31,

2019

2018

2017

Total

$

299

$

615

$

177

Number of Loans

3

30

4

Loans Past Due 90 Days or More and Still Accruing

As of December 31,

2019

2018

2017

Total

$

771

$

895

$

289

Number of Loans

20

28

26

Troubled Debt Restructurings, Performing

As of December 31,

2019

2018

2017

Total

$

2,180

$

2,207

$

2,397

Number of Loans

69

67

67

See Note 3 – Loans and Note 4 – Allowance for Loan Losses in the accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for further details regarding the Company&#39;s loan asset quality measurements.

Allowance for Loan Losses

In general, the Company determines the adequacy of its allowance for loan losses by considering the risk classification and delinquency status of loans and other factors. Management may also establish specific allowances for loans which management believes require allowances greater than those allocated according to their risk classification. The purpose of the allowance is to provide for losses inherent in the loan portfolio. Since risks to the loan portfolio include general economic trends as well as conditions affecting individual borrowers, the allowance is an estimate. The Company is committed to determining, on an ongoing basis, the adequacy of its allowance for loan losses.

The Company applies historical loss rates to various pools of loans based on risk rating classifications. In addition, the adequacy of the allowance is further evaluated by applying estimates of loss that could be attributable to any one of the following eight qualitative factors:

  1. Changes in national and local economic conditions, including the condition of various market segments;
  2. Changes in the value of underlying collateral;
  3. Changes in volume of classified assets, measured as a percentage of capital;
  4. Changes in volume of delinquent loans;
  1. The existence and effect of any concentrations of credit and changes in the level of such concentrations;
  2. Changes in lending policies and procedures, including underwriting standards;
  3. Changes in the experience, ability and depth of lending management and staff; et
  4. Changes in the level of policy exceptions.

Management utilizes a loss migration model for determining the quantitative risk assigned to unimpaired loans in order to capture historical loss information at the loan level, track loss migration through risk grade deterioration, and increase efficiencies related to performing the calculations by further segmenting the loan classes. The quantitative risk factor for each loan class primarily utilizes a migration analysis loss method based on loss history for the prior twelve quarters.

See Note 3 – Loans and Note 4 – Allowance for Loan Losses in the notes to consolidated financial statements, included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, for further details of the risk factors considered by management in estimating the necessary level of the allowance for loan losses.

Activity for the allowance for loan losses is provided in the following table.

(dollars in thousands)

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

Balance, beginning of period

$

4,891

$

4,043

$

3,688

$

3,567

$

3,164

Loans charged off

Real estate

(12

)

(12

)

Commercial

(482

)

(75)

(111)

(25)

(126)

Consumer

(1,777

)

(1,022

)

(3

)

Total

(2,259

)

(1,097)

(111)

(37)

(141)

Recoveries

Real estate

15

2

2

3

46

Commercial

51

54

31

32

35

Consumer

136

16

15

12

Total

202

72

48

47

81

Provision for loan losses

1,375

1,873

418

111

463

Balance, December 31,

$

4,209

$

4,891

$

4,043

$

3,688

$

3,567

Net charge-offs to average loans

0.39%

0.19%

0.01%

0,00%

0.02%

Allowance for loan losses as a

percentage of period-end total loans

0.78

%

0.91

%

0.76

%

0.77

%

0.84

%

As of December 31, 2019, the allowance for loan losses was $4.2 million, a net decrease of $682,000 from $4.9 million at December 31, 2018. Management&#39;s estimates for the allowance for loan losses resulted in the Company&#39;s allowance to total loans outstanding ratio of 0.78% at December 31, 2019, compared to 0.91% at December 31, 2018 and 0.76% at December 31, 2017. The primary reasons that the allowance for loan losses declined from December 31, 2018 to December 31, 2019 were the recapture of a portion of the loan loss provision previously allocated to a shared national credit that was sold during the year and the decline in student loan balances year-over-year.

During 2019, there were $2.3 million in loan balances charged off, with a total of $202,000 in recoveries of previously charged-off balances, resulting in net charge-offs of $2.1 million. During 2018, there were $1.1 million in loan balances charged off, with a total of $72,000 in recoveries of previously charged-off balances, resulting in net charge-offs of $1.0 million. The ratio of net charge-offs to average loans was 0.39%, 0.19%, and 0.01%, for 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively.

The table below provides an allocation of year-end allowance for loan losses by loan type; however, allocation of a portion of the allowance to one loan category does not preclude its availability to absorb losses in other categories.

Allocation of the Allowance for Loan Losses

(dollars in thousands)

31 décembre 2019

Percentage of loans

in each category to

Allowance

total loans

Commercial loans

$

302

14.94

%

Real estate construction

109

3.18%

Real estate mortgages

2,684

68.81

%

Consumer

1,114

13.07%

Total

$

4,209

100.00

%

December 31, 2018

Commercial loans

Real estate construction Real estate mortgages Consumer

Total

Commercial loans

Real estate construction Real estate mortgages Consumer

Total

Commercial loans

Real estate construction Real estate mortgages Consumer

Total

Commercial loans

Real estate construction Real estate mortgages Consumer

Total

Percentage of loans

in each category to

Allowance

total loans

$

811

15.83

%

119

3.26

%

2,611

65.69

%

1,350

15.22

%

$

4,891

100.00

%

December 31, 2017

Percentage of loans

in each category to

Allowance

total loans

$

885

15.39

%

222

5.08

%

2,730

61.05

%

206

18.48

%

$

4,043

100.00

%

December 31, 2016

Percentage of loans

in each category to

Allowance

total loans

$

824

13.73

%

127

3.25

%

2,506

64.64

%

231

18.38

%

$

3,688

100.00

%

December 31, 2015

Percentage of loans

in each category to

Allowance

total loans

$

797

16.73

%

159

4.46

%

2,592

63.59

%

19

15.22

%

$

3,567

100.00

%

Deposits

Depository accounts represent the Company&#39;s primary source of funding and are comprised of demand deposits, interest-bearing checking accounts, money market deposit accounts and time deposits. These deposits have been provided predominantly by individuals, businesses and charitable organizations in the Charlottesville/Albemarle, Richmond and Winchester areas.

Depository accounts held by the Company as of December 31, 2019, totaled $621.2 million, an increase of $48.7 million or 8.5% compared to the December 31, 2018 total of $572.5 million.

At December 31, 2019, the balances of non-interest bearing demand deposits were $167.0 million or 26.9% of total deposits, a 10.1% decrease from $185.8 million at December 31, 2018. Interest-bearing transaction and money market accounts totaled $345.0 million at December 31, 2019, an increase of $66.8 million compared to $278.2 million at December 31, 2018. During 2018, the Company implemented an Insured Cash Sweep® product (ICS®), which allows customers access to multi-million- dollar FDIC insurance on funds placed into demand deposit and/or money market deposit accounts. As of December 31, 2019, the reciprocal ICS® balances included in demand deposit and money market accounts were $19.3 million and $53.6 million, respectively. Along with the roll-out of ICS® to customers, the Company eliminated the repurchase agreement product effective December 31, 2018. The Company&#39;s low-cost deposit accounts, which include both non-interest and interest bearing checking accounts as well as money market accounts, represented 82.4% of total deposit account balances at December 31, 2019 and compares favorably to the 81.0% of total deposit account balances at December 31, 2018.

Certificates of deposit and other time deposit balances increased $747,000 to $109.3 million at December 31, 2019 from the balance of $108.5 million at December 31, 2018. Included in this deposit total were reciprocal relationships under the Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service (CDARS™), whereby depositors can obtain FDIC insurance on deposits up to $50 million. These reciprocal CDARS deposits totaled $13.7 million and $27.3 million at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The aggregate amount of total certificates of deposit with a minimum balance of $100,000 was $79.2 million at December 31, 2019. Included in this total are deposits of $38.4 million with balances of $250,000 or more.

Deposits

(dollars in thousands)

Average Balances and Rates Paid

Years Ended December 31

2019

2018

2017

Average

Average

Average

Average

Average

Average

Balance

Rate

Balance

Rate

Balance

Rate

Non-interest-bearing demand

deposits

$

166,214

$

172,736

$

177,073

Interest-bearing deposits:

Interest checking

106,103

0.20

%

91,117

0.08

%

98,902

0,05

%

Money market and savings

deposits

181,459

1.01

%

158,072

0.67

%

141,805

0.29

%

Time deposits

119,416

1.80

%

116,782

1.08

%

121,974

0.54

%

Total interest-bearing deposits

$406,978

1.03

% $

365,971

0.65

%

$362,681

0.31

%

Total deposits

$

573,192

$

538,707

$

539,754

Maturities of CD&#39;s of $100,000 and Over

31 décembre 2019

Amount

Percentage

Three months or less

$

46,634

58.90

%

Over three months to six months

8,020

10.13 %

Over six months to one year

6,881

8.69

%

Over one year

17,647

22.28 %

Totals

$

79,182

100.00

%

Short-Term Borrowings

Short-term borrowings, consisting primarily of Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) Advances and federal funds purchased, are additional sources of funds for the Company. The level of these borrowings is determined by various factors, including customer demand and the Company&#39;s ability to earn a favorable spread on the funds obtained.

Prior to December 31, 2018, repurchase agreements, also referred to as securities sold under agreement to repurchase, were available to non-individual accountholders on an overnight term through the Company&#39;s investment sweep product. Under the agreements to repurchase, invested funds were fully collateralized by security instruments that were pledged on behalf of customers utilizing this product. The repurchase agreement product was discontinued by the Company effective December 31, 2018, and therefore, there were no balances in this product as of the end of 2019 or 2018. Total balances in repurchase agreements as of December 31, 2017 were $19.1 million.

The Company has a collateral dependent line of credit with the FHLB of Atlanta. The Company had no outstanding borrowings from the FHLB as of December 31, 2019 or 2018. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had an outstanding balance of $15.0 million from an FHLB advance.

Additional borrowing arrangements maintained by the Bank include formal federal funds lines with four major regional correspondent banks. The Company had no outstanding balances in overnight federal funds purchased as of December 31, 2019, 2018 or 2017.

Total short-term borrowings consist of the following as of December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017:

(dollars in thousands)

2019

2018

2017

Repurchase agreements

$

$

$

19,092

FHLB advances

15,000

Federal funds purchased

Total short-term borrowings

$

$

$

34,092

Maximum amount at any month-end during the

year

$

16,364

$

48,807

$

37,001

Annual average balance outstanding

$

3,417

$

30,370

$

21,842

Annual average interest rate paid

2.58

%

1.31

%

0.48

%

Annual interest rate at end of period

0.66%

Details on available borrowing lines can be found later under Liquidity in the Asset/Liability Management section that follows.

ASSET/LIABILITY MANAGEMENT

The Company&#39;s primary earnings source is its net interest income; therefore, the Company devotes significant time and resources to assist in the management of interest rate risk and asset quality. The Company&#39;s net interest income is affected by changes in market interest rates and by the level and composition of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. The Company&#39;s objectives in its asset/liability management are to utilize its capital effectively, to provide adequate liquidity and to

39

enhance net interest income, without taking undue risks or subjecting the Company unduly to interest rate fluctuations. The Company takes a coordinated approach to the management of its liquidity, capital and interest rate risk. This risk management process is governed by policies and limits established by the Bank&#39;s Asset/Liability Committee, which are reviewed and approved by the Bank&#39;s Board of Directors. This committee, which is comprised of directors and members of management, meets to review, among other things, economic conditions, interest rates, yield curves, cash flow projections, expected customer actions, liquidity levels, capital ratios and repricing characteristics of assets, liabilities and financial instruments.

Market Risk

Market risk is the risk of loss in a financial instrument arising from adverse changes in market indices such as interest rates. The Company&#39;s principal market risk exposure is interest rate risk. Interest rate risk is the exposure to changes in market interest rates. Interest rate sensitivity is the relationship between market interest rates and net interest income due to the repricing characteristics of assets and liabilities. The Company monitors the interest rate sensitivity of its balance sheet positions by examining its near- term sensitivity and its longer-term gap position. In its management of interest rate risk, the Company utilizes several financial and statistical tools including traditional gap analysis and sophisticated income simulation models.

A traditional gap analysis is prepared based on the maturity and repricing characteristics of interest- earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities for selected time bands. The mismatch between repricings or maturities within a time band is commonly referred to as the "gap" for that period. A positive gap (asset sensitive) where interest rate sensitive assets exceed interest rate sensitive liabilities generally will result in the net interest margin increasing in a rising rate environment and decreasing in a falling rate environment. A negative gap (liability sensitive) will generally have the opposite result on the net interest margin. The Company&#39;s balance sheet structure is primarily short-term in nature with a substantial portion of rate-sensitive assets and rate-sensitive liabilities repricing or maturing within one year, as shown in the Gap Interest Sensitivity Analysis table below.

Gap Interest Sensitivity Analysis

As of December 31, 2019

(dollars in thousands)

Within

90 to 365

1 to 4

Over

Non Rate

90 days

days

jaar

4 years

Sensitive

Total

Assets

Loans

$

141,499

$

96,972

$

241,927

$

55,650

$

3,485

$

539,533

Investment securities

22,147

19,007

37,081

37,542

(53

)

115,724

Federal funds sold

4,177

4,177

Non-interest-earning assets and

allowance for loan losses

43,193

43,193

Total assets

$

167,823

$

115,979

$

279,008

$

93,192

$

46,625

$

702,627

Liabilities and Shareholders&#39; Equity

Interest checking

$

3,075

$

9,225

$

36,898

$

73,796

$

$

122,994

Money market and savings deposits

6,079

18,236

72,943

124,706

221,964

Time deposits

65,525

18,686

24,160

907

109,278

Non-interest bearing liabilities and

shareholders&#39; equity

248,391

248,391

Total liabilities and shareholders&#39;

equity

$

74,679

$

46,147

$

134,001

$

199,409

$

248,391

$

702,627

Period gap

$

93,144

$

69,832

$

145,007

$

(106,217)

N.v.t.

$

201,766

Cumulative gap

$

93,144

$

162,976

$

307,983

$

201,766

N.v.t.

$

201,766

Ratio of cumulative gap to cumulative

earning assets

55.50%

57.43%

54.72%

30.76%

The Company utilizes the gap analysis to complement its income simulations modeling. However, the traditional gap analysis does not assess the relative sensitivity of assets and liabilities to changes in interest rates and other factors that could have an impact on interest rate sensitivity or net interest income.

The Asset/Liability Committee routinely monitors simulated net interest income sensitivity over a rolling two-year horizon. It also utilizes additional tools to monitor potential longer-term interest rate risk. The income simulation models measure the Company&#39;s net interest income volatility or sensitivity to interest rate changes utilizing statistical techniques that allow the Company to consider various factors which impact net interest income. These factors include actual maturities, estimated cash flows, repricing characteristics, deposit growth/retention and, most importantly, the relative sensitivity of the Company&#39;s assets and liabilities to changes in market interest rates. This relative sensitivity is important to consider as the Company&#39;s core deposit base has not been subject to the same degree of interest rate sensitivity as its assets. The core deposit costs are internally managed and tend to exhibit less sensitivity to changes in interest rates than the Company&#39;s adjustable rate assets whose yields are based on external indices and generally change in concert with market interest rates. The Company&#39;s interest rate sensitivity is determined by identifying the probable impact of changes in market interest rates on the yields on the Company&#39;s assets and the rates that would be paid on its liabilities. This modeling technique involves a degree of estimation based on certain assumptions that management believes to be reasonable. Utilizing this process, management projects the impact of changes in interest rates on net interest margin. The Company has established certain policy limits for the potential volatility of its net interest margin assuming certain levels of changes in market interest rates with the objective of maintaining a stable net interest margin under various probable rate scenarios. Management generally has maintained a risk position well within the policy limits.

As market conditions vary from those assumed in the income simulation models, actual results will also differ due to: prepayment/refinancing levels likely deviating from those assumed, the varying impact of interest rate change caps or floors on adjustable rate assets, the potential effect of changing debt service levels on customers with adjustable rate loans, depositor early withdrawals and product preference changes, and other variables. Furthermore, this sensitivity analysis does not reflect actions that the Asset/Liability Committee might take in responding to or anticipating changes in interest rates.

In simulating the effects of upward and downward changes in market rates to net interest income over a rolling two-year horizon, the model utilizes a "static" balance sheet approach where balance sheet composition or mix as of the measurement date is maintained over the two-year horizon. Similarly, the base case simulation performed assumes interest rates on the measurement date are unchanged for the next 24 months. Then the simulation assumes all rate indices are instantaneously shocked upward and downward by 100 basis points to 400 basis points, in 100 basis point increments. Due to the low level of interest rates, the shock down analysis where the rates fall 300 basis points or more are not considered meaningful and are therefore not shown in the results below as of December 31, 2019.

(dollars in thousands)

Change in Net Interest Income

Change in Yield Curve

Percentage

Amount

+400 basis points

12.94

%

$

5,789

+300 basis points

11.90%

5,326

+200 basis points

8.31

%

3,716

+100 basis points

2.64%

1,180

Base case

0.00

%

-100 basis points

-0.16%

(73)

-200 basis points

-2.99

%

(1,337

)

In addition to monitoring the effects to interest income, the model computes the effects to the economic value of equity using the same "static" balance sheet with immediate and parallel rate changes for the same rate change horizons. The Asset/Liability Committee monitors the results compared to policy limits that have been established.

As individual rate indices have not historically moved to the same degree, non-parallel rate shocks are also performed to add a degree of sophistication over the parallel rate shocks. In these analyses, the effects to net interest income and market value of equity are computed using eight different scenarios. Changing slopes and twists of the yield curve are achieved by incorporating both likely and unlikely change across different tenors. Since Federal funds rates may not change to the same degree or direction that longer term Treasury bonds may move, the different scenarios are analyzed so that management and the Asset/Liability Committee can monitor risks as they more severely stress the Company&#39;s balance sheet.

The shape of the yield curve can cause downward pressure on net interest income. In general, if and to the extent that the yield curve is flatter (i.e., the differences between interest rates for different maturities are relatively smaller) than previously anticipated, then the yield on the Company&#39;s interest earning assets and its cash flows will tend to be lower. Management believes that a relatively flat yield curve could continue to affect adversely the Company&#39;s net interest income in 2020.

Liquidity

Liquidity represents the Company&#39;s ability to provide funds to meet customer demand for loan and deposit withdrawals without impairing profitability. Effective management of balance sheet liquidity is necessary to fund growth in earning assets and to pay liability maturities and depository customers&#39; withdrawal requirements. The Company maintains a Liquidity Management Policy that is approved by the Board of Directors. The policy sets limits in a number of areas, including limits on the amount of non-core liabilities, and funding long-term assets with non-core liabilities.

The Bank&#39;s customer base has provided a stable source of funds and liquidity. Limits contained within the Bank&#39;s Investment Policy also provides for appropriate levels of liquidity through maturities and cash flows within the securities portfolio. Other sources of balance sheet liquidity are obtained from the repayment of loan proceeds and overnight investments. The Bank has numerous secondary sources of liquidity including access to borrowing arrangements from a number of correspondent banks. Available borrowing arrangements maintained by the Bank include formal federal funds lines with four major regional correspondent banks, access to advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta and access to the discount window at the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.

Borrowing Lines

As of December 31, 2019

(dollars in thousands)

Correspondent Banks

$

41,000

Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta (FHLB-A)

48,085

Total Available

$

89,085

As of December 31, 2019, no advances were outstanding with the FHLB.

Any excess funds are sold on a daily basis in the federal funds market. The Company maintained an average of $23.9 million outstanding in federal funds sold and an average of $508,000 in federal funds purchased during 2019. On December 31, 2019, the Company had no balance outstanding in federal funds purchased. The Company intends to maintain sufficient liquidity at all times to meet its funding commitments.

Capital

Effective January 1, 2015, the final rules adopted by the federal bank regulatory agencies to implement the Basel III regulatory capital rules required the Company and its subsidiaries to comply with the following new minimum capital ratios: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% of risk- weighted assets; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6% of risk-weighted assets (increased from the prior requirement of 4%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 8% of risk-weighted assets (unchanged from the prior

requirement); and (iv) a leverage ratio of 4% of total assets (unchanged from the prior requirement). These were the initial capital requirements.

Beginning January 1, 2016, a capital conservation buffer requirement began to be phased in over a four- year period, beginning at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and increasing annually to 2.5% at January 1, 2019. Therefore, for the calendar year 2019, the buffer of 2.50% effectively results in the minimum (i) common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.00% of risk-weighted assets; (ii) Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.50% of risk-weighted assets; and (iii) total capital ratio of 10.50% of risk-weighted assets. The minimum leverage ratio remains at 4.00%.

The new Basel III capital regulations are discussed in greater detail under the caption "Supervision and Regulation," found earlier in this report under "Item 1. Business." In addition, information regarding the Company&#39;s risk-based capital at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 is presented in Note 13 – Capital Requirements of the notes to consolidated financial statements, contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. Using the new capital requirements, the Company&#39;s capital ratios remain well above the levels designated by bank regulators as "well capitalized" at December 31, 2019.

Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

The Company&#39;s financial statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with GAAP, which requires the financial position and operating results to be measured principally in terms of historical dollars without considering the change in the relative purchasing power of money over time due to inflation. Inflation affects the Company&#39;s results of operations mainly through increased operating costs, but since nearly all of the Company&#39;s assets and liabilities are monetary in nature, changes in interest rates affect the financial condition of the Company to a greater degree than changes in the rate of inflation. Although interest rates are greatly influenced by changes in the inflation rate, they do not necessarily change at the same rate or in the same magnitude as the inflation rate. The Company&#39;s management reviews pricing of its products and services, in light of current and expected costs due to inflation, to mitigate the inflationary impact on financial performance.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Company is party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. These financial instruments consist primarily of commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit. Additional information concerning the Company&#39;s off-balance sheet arrangements is contained in Note 11 of the notes to consolidated financial statements, found in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Contractual Commitments

In the normal course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries enter into contractual obligations, including obligations on lease arrangements, contractual commitments for capital expenditures, and service contracts. The significant contractual obligations include the leasing of certain of its banking and operations offices under operating lease agreements on terms ranging from 1 to 20 years, most with renewal options.

Following is a schedule of future minimum rental payments under non-cancelable operating leases that have initial or remaining terms in excess of one year as of December 31, 2019:

(dollars in thousands)

1 year or less

1-3 years

3-5 years

After 5 years

Total

Operating lease obligations

$

799

$

1,574

$

1,150

$

393

$

3,916

Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

Not required for smaller reporting company.

Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors

Virginia National Bankshares Corporation

Charlottesville, Virginia

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation and Subsidiaries (the Corporation) as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in shareholders&#39; equity, and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the related notes to the consolidated financial statements (collectively, the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Corporation as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Corporation&#39;s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013, and our report dated March 12, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Corporation&#39;s internal control over financial reporting.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Corporation&#39;s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Corporation&#39;s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Corporation in accordance with U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the

PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

We have served as the Corporation&#39;s auditor since 1998. /s/ Yount, Hyde & Barbour, P.C.

Richmond, Virginia March 12, 2020

VIRGINIA NATIONAL BANKSHARES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

ASSETS

Cash and due from banks

$

14,908

$

11,741

Federal funds sold

4,177

7,133

Securities:

Available for sale, at fair value

114,041

61,392

Restricted securities, at cost

1,683

1,683

Total securities

115,724

63,075

Loans

539,533

537,190

Allowance for loan losses

(4,209

)

(4,891

)

Loans, net

535,324

532,299

Premises and equipment, net

6,145

7,042

Bank owned life insurance

16,412

16,790

Goodwill

372

372

Other intangible assets, net

408

477

Accrued interest receivable and other assets

9,157

5,871

Total assets

$

702,627

$

644,800

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS&#39; EQUITY

Liabilities:

Demand deposits:

Noninterest-bearing

$

166,975

$

185,819

Interest-bearing

122,994

106,884

Money market and savings deposit accounts

221,964

171,299

Certificates of deposit and other time deposits

109,278

108,531

Total deposits

621,211

572,533

Accrued interest payable and other liabilities

5,309

1,525

Total liabilities

626,520

574,058

Commitments and contingencies

Shareholders&#39; equity:

Preferred stock, $2.50 par value, 2,000,000

shares authorized, no shares outstanding

Common stock, $2.50 par value, 10,000,000 shares

authorized;

2,692,005 (including 4,000 nonvested shares) and

2,543,452 shares issued and outstanding in 2019 and 2018,

Respectively

6,720

6,359

Capital surplus

32,195

27,013

Retained earnings

37,235

38,647

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(43

)

(1,277

)

Total shareholders&#39; equity

76,107

70,742

Total liabilities and shareholders&#39; equity

$

702,627

$

644,800

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

VIRGINIA NATIONAL BANKSHARES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (dollars in thousands, except per share data)

For the years ended December 31,

2019

2018

Interest and dividend income:

Loans, including fees

$

24,180

$

23,919

Federal funds sold

459

209

Investment securities:

Taxable

1,158

1,073

Tax exempt

290

340

Dividends

110

145

Total interest and dividend income

26,197

25,686

Interest expense:

Demand and savings deposits

2,038

1,134

Certificates and other time deposits

2,146

1,258

Repurchase agreements and other borrowings

89

398

Total interest expense

4,273

2,790

Net interest income

21,924

22,896

Provision for loan losses

1,375

1,873

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

20,549

21,023

Noninterest income:

Trust income

1,698

1,665

Advisory and brokerage income

605

565

Royalty income

17

585

Customer service fees

766

909

Debit/credit card and ATM fees

723

747

Earnings/increase in value of bank owned life insurance

798

446

Fees on mortgage sales

189

193

Gains on sales and calls of securities

74

Losses on sales of assets

(33)

Other

681

453

Total noninterest income

5,551

5,530

Noninterest expense:

Salaries and employee benefits

9,249

8,036

Net occupancy

1,824

1,835

Equipment

430

500

Data processing

1,236

1,088

Settlement of claims

460

Other

4,685

4,555

Total noninterest expense

17,884

16,014

Income before income taxes

8,216

10,539

Provision for income taxes

1,527

2,069

Net income

$

6,689

$

8,470

Net income per common share, basic *

$

2.49

$

3.18

Net income per common share, diluted *

$

2.49

$

3.15

  • Per share data has been adjusted to reflect the 5% stock dividends effective July 5, 2019 and April 13, 2018.

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

VIRGINIA NATIONAL BANKSHARES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(dollars in thousands)

For the years ended

December 31,

2019

2018

Net income

$

6,689

$

8,470

Other comprehensive income (loss)

Unrealized gains (losses) on securities,

net of tax of $345 and ($105) for the years ended December 31,

2019 and 2018

1,292

(394)

Reclassification adjustment for realized gains on sales and calls of

securities,

net of tax of ($16) and $0 for the years ended December 31,

2019 and 2018

(58)

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

1,234

(394

)

Total comprehensive income

$

7,923

$

8,076

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

VIRGINIA NATIONAL BANKSHARES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS&#39; EQUITY (dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Accumulated

Other

Common

Capital

Retained

Comprehensive

Balance, December 31, 2017

Stock

Surplus

Earnings

Loss

Total

$

6,027

$ 22,038

$

37,923

$

(883) $65,105

Stock options exercised

31

237

268

Stock option expense

65

65

Cash dividends declared ($1.09 per share)

(2,772)

(2,772)

Net income

8,470

8,470

5% stock dividend distributed

301

4,673

(4,974)

Other comprehensive loss

(394)

(394)

Balance, December 31, 2018

$

6,359

$ 27,013

$

38,647

$

(1,277) $70,742

Stock options exercised

14

88

102

Stock option expense

97

97

Restricted stock grant expense

12

12

Unrestricted stock grants

27

398

425

Cash in lieu of fractional shares

(5)

(5

)

Cash dividends declared ($1.20 per share)

(3,189

)

(3,189

)

Net income

6,689

6,689

5% stock dividend distributed

320

4,592

(4,912

)

Other comprehensive income

1,234

1,234

Balance, December 31, 2019

$

6,720

$

32,195

$

37,235

$

(43

)

$

76,107

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

VIRGINIA NATIONAL BANKSHARES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(dollars in thousands)

For the years ended December 31,

2019

2018

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

Net income

$

6,689

$

8,470

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Provision for loan losses

1,375

1,873

Net amortization and accretion of securities

291

275

Gains on sales and calls of securities

(74)

Earnings/increase in value of bank owned life insurance

(798

)

(446

)

Amortization of intangible assets

83

109

Depreciation and other amortization

1,114

1,117

Net loss on sale of assets

33

Deferred tax expense (benefit)

91

(234

)

Stock option expense

97

65

Stock grant expense

437

Net change in:

Accrued interest receivable and other assets

545

910

Accrued interest payable and other liabilities

(504)

(415)

Net cash provided by operating activities

9,346

11,757

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

Purchases of available for sale securities

(79,747)

Net decrease in restricted investments

601

Proceeds from maturities, calls and principal payments of available for sale

securities

7,378

5,335

Proceeds from sale of available for sale securities

21,065

Net decrease in organic loans

600

7,721

Net increase in purchased loans

(4,999

)

(17,152

)

Purchase of wealth management book of business

(50)

(100)

Proceeds from settlement of bank owned life insurance

1,176

Purchase of bank premises and equipment, net

(189)

(846)

Net cash used in investing activities

(54,766

)

(4,441

)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

Net increase in demand deposits, NOW accounts, and money market accounts

47,931

30,273

Net increase (decrease) in certificates of deposit and other time deposits

747

(702

)

Net decrease in securities sold under agreements to repurchase

(19,092)

Net decrease in short term borrowings

(15,000

)

Proceeds from stock options exercised

102

268

Cash payment for stock dividend fractional shares

(5

)

Cash dividends paid

(3,144)

(2,466)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

45,631

(6,719

)

NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

$

211

$

597

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:

Beginning of period

$

18,874

$

18,277

End of period

$

19,085

$

18,874

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION

Cash payments for:

Interest

$

4,221

$

2,657

Taxes

$

1,925

$

2,465

SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NONCASH INVESTING ACTIVITIES

Unrealized gain (loss) on available for sale securities

$

1,563

$

(499)

Initial right -of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities

$

4,279

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Organization

Virginia National Bankshares Corporation (the "Company") is a bank holding company incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The Company is authorized to issue (a) 10,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $2.50 per share and (b) 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock at a par value $2.50 per share. There is currently no preferred stock outstanding. The Company is regulated under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended and is subject to inspection, examination, and supervision by the Federal Reserve Board.

Virginia National Bank (the "Bank") is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and was organized in 1998 under federal law as a national banking association to engage in a general commercial and retail banking business. The Bank is headquartered in Charlottesville, Virginia and primarily serves the Virginia communities in and around the cities of Charlottesville, Winchester, Harrisonburg, Roanoke and Richmond, and the counties of Albemarle and Frederick. As a national bank, the Bank is subject to the supervision, examination and regulation of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency ("OCC").

Effective July 1, 2018, VNBTrust, National Association ("VNBTrust"), formerly a subsidiary of the Bank, was merged into Virginia National Bank, and the Bank continues to offer investment management, wealth advisory and trust and estate administration services under the names of VNB Trust and Estate Services and Sturman Wealth Advisors, formerly known as VNB Investment Services. All references herein to VNB Wealth Management or VNB Wealth refer to VNBTrust for periods prior to July 1, 2018.

During 2018, the Company changed the structure of its VNB Wealth lines of business. The Company formed Masonry Capital Management, LLC ("Masonry Capital"), a registered investment advisor, to offer investment advisory and management services to clients through separately managed accounts and through one or more private investment fund(s). The Company believes the formation of Masonry Capital will allow the Company to offer its investment strategy to a wider range of clients. Masonry Capital is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.

Sale Agreement with SRCM Holdings LLC and Acquisition Royalty Payments Due to the Company

In 2007 when VNBTrust was established, the OCC also approved the Bank&#39;s application for VNBTrust to create a wholly owned operating subsidiary, VNB Investment Management Company, LLC, a Delaware limited liability corporation. In January 2010, VNB Investment Management Company changed its name to Swift Run Capital Management, LLC ("SRCM"). SRCM served as the general partner of Swift Run Capital, L.P. (the "Fund"), a private investment fund. On July 18, 2013 (the "Closing Date"), the Company completed the sale of all of the membership interests of SRCM to SRCM Holdings LLC ("SRCM Holdings") pursuant to a purchase and sale agreement dated June 27, 2013 (the "SRCM Sale Agreement"). A former officer of the Company is the principal owner of SRCM Holdings. Under the terms of the SRCM Sale Agreement, SRCM Holdings agreed to pay the Company periodically during the ten- year period beginning January 1, 2014 and ending December 31, 2023 (the "Term"): (i) ongoing acquisition royalty payments equal to 20% of the management and performance fee revenue received by SRCM from limited partners of the Fund as of the Closing Date and from VNBTrust clients that opened accounts with SRCM within 30 days of the Closing Date, and (ii) ongoing referral royalty payments equal to 20% of the management and performance fee revenue received by SRCM from other clients referred by the Company and its affiliates to SRCM during the Term. A portion of the payments received from SRCM are applied to write down a contingent asset that was established to estimate the value for the sale of SRCM, with the remaining portion of the payments applied to noninterest income as royalty income.

Basis of Presentation

The accounting and reporting policies of the Company conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and to the reporting guidelines prescribed by regulatory authorities. The following is a description of the more significant of those policies and practices.

Principles of consolidation – The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation (the "Company"), and its subsidiaries, Virginia National Bank (the "Bank") and Masonry Capital Management, LLC ("Masonry Capital"). All references herein to VNB Wealth Management or VNB Wealth refer to VNBTrust for periods prior to July 1, 2018. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Use of estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term relate to the determination of the allowance for loan losses (including impaired loans), other-than-temporary impairment of securities, intangible assets, income taxes, and fair value measurements.

Cash flow reporting – For purposes of the statements of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on hand, funds due from banks, and federal funds sold.

Securities – Unrestricted investments are classified in two categories as described below.

  • Securities held to maturity – Securities classified as held to maturity are those debt securities the Company has both the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity regardless of changes in market conditions, liquidity needs or changes in general economic conditions. Currently the Company has no securities classified as held to maturity because of Management&#39;s desire to have more flexibility in managing the investment portfolio.
  • Securities available for sale – Securities classified as available for sale are those debt securities that the Company intends to hold for an indefinite period of time but not necessarily to maturity. Any decision to sell a security classified as available for sale would be based on various factors, including significant movements in interest rates, changes in the maturity mix of the Company&#39;s assets and liabilities, liquidity needs, regulatory capital considerations, and other similar factors. Securities available for sale are carried at fair value. Unrealized gains or losses are reported as a separate component of other comprehensive income. Realized gains or losses, determined on the basis of the cost of specific securities sold, are included in earnings.

Purchase premiums and discounts are recognized in interest income using the interest method over the terms of the securities or to "call" dates, whichever occurs first. Gains and losses on the sale of securities are recorded on the trade date and are determined using the specific identification method.

Impairment of securities occurs when the fair value of a security is less than its amortized cost. For debt securities, impairment is considered other-than-temporary and recognized in its entirety in net income if either (1) the Company intends to sell the security or (2) it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis. If, however, the Company does not intend to sell the security and it is not more-than-likely that the Company will be required to sell the security before recovery, the Company must determine what portion of the impairment is attributable to a credit loss, which occurs when the amortized cost of the security exceeds the present value of the cash flows expected to be collected from the security. If there is no credit loss, there is no other-than-temporary impairment. If there is a credit loss, other-than-temporary impairment exists, and the credit loss must be recognized in net income and the remaining portion of impairment must be recognized in other comprehensive income.

Restricted securities – As members of the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond ("FRB") and the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta ("FHLB"), the Company is required to maintain certain minimum investments in the common stock of the FRB and FHLB. Required levels of investments are based upon the Bank&#39;s capital and a percentage of qualifying assets. Additionally, the Company has purchased common stock in CBB Financial Corp. ("CBBFC"), the holding company for Community Bankers&#39; Bank. Shares of common stock from the FRB, FHLB and CBBFC are classified as restricted securities which are carried at cost.

Loans – Loans are reported at the principal balance outstanding net of unearned discounts and of the allowance for loan losses. Interest income on loans is reported on the level-yield method and includes amortization of deferred loan fees and costs over the loan term. Purchased performing loans are accounted for in the same manner as the rest of the loan portfolio. Further information regarding the Company&#39;s accounting policies related to past due loans, non-accrual loans, impaired loans and troubled- debt restructurings is presented in Note 3 – Loans.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Allowance for loan losses – The allowance for loan losses is a reserve established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense, which represents management&#39;s best estimate of probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio. The allowance for loan losses includes allowance allocations calculated in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") ASC Topic 310, "Receivables" and allowance allocations calculated in accordance with ASC Topic 450, "Contingencies." Further information regarding the Company&#39;s policies and methodology used to estimate the allowance for loan losses is presented in Note 4 – Allowance for Loan Losses.

Transfers of financial assets – Transfers of financial assets are accounted for as sales when control over the assets has been surrendered. Control over transferred assets is deemed to be surrendered when (1) the assets have been isolated from the Company or its subsidiaries – put presumptively beyond reach of the transferor and its creditors, even in bankruptcy or other receivership, (2) the transferee obtains the right (free of conditions that constrain it from taking advantage of that right) to pledge or exchange the transferred assets, and (3) the Company or its subsidiaries does not maintain effective control over the transferred assets through an agreement to repurchase them before their maturity or the ability to unilaterally cause the holder to return specific assets.

Premises and equipment – Land is carried at cost. Premises and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of assets, which range from 3 to 20 years. Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. The costs of major renewals and betterments are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. Upon disposition, the asset and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the books and any resulting gain or loss is charged to income. More information regarding premises and equipment is presented in Note 5 – Premises and Equipment.

Leases – The Company recognizes a lease liability and a right-of-use asset in connection with leases in which it is a lessee, except for leases with a term of twelve months or less. A lease liability represents the Corporation&#39;s obligation to make future payments under lease contracts, and a right-of-use asset represents the Corporation&#39;s right to control the use of the underlying property during the lease term. Lease liabilities and right-of-use assets are recognized upon commencement of a lease and measured as the present value of lease payments over the lease term, discounted at the incremental borrowing rate of the lessee. Further information regarding leases is presented in Note 6 – Leases.

Intangible assets – Goodwill is determined as the excess of the fair value of the consideration transferred over the fair value of the net assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date. Goodwill and other intangible assets acquired in a business combination and determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized, but tested for impairment at least annually, or more frequently if events and circumstances exist that indicate that a goodwill impairment test should be performed. Intangible assets with definite useful lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives, which range from 3 to 10 years, to their estimated residual values. Goodwill is the only intangible asset with an indefinite life included on the Company&#39;s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Management has concluded that no circumstances indicating an impairment of these assets existed as of the balance sheet date. More information regarding intangible assets is presented in Note 7 – Intangible Assets.

Bank owned life insurance – The Company has purchased life insurance on certain key employees. These policies are recorded at their cash surrender value on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Income generated from polices is recorded as noninterest income.

Fair value measurements – ASC Topic 820, "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures," defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles, and requires certain disclosures about fair value measurements. In general, fair values of financial instruments are based upon internally developed models that primarily use, as inputs, observable market- based parameters. Any such valuation adjustments are applied consistently over time. Additional information on fair value measurements is presented in Note 15 – Fair Value Measurements.

Stock-basedcompensation – The Company accounts for all plans under recognition and measurement accounting principles which require that the compensation cost relating to stock-based payment transactions be recognized in the financial statements. Stock-based compensation arrangements include stock options and unrestricted or restricted stock grants. For stock options, compensation is estimated at

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

the date of grant, using the Black-Scholes option valuation model for determining fair value. The model employs the following assumptions:

  • Dividend yield – calculated as the ratio of historical cash dividends paid per share of common stock to the stock price on the date of grant;
  • Expected life (term of the option) – based on the average of the contractual life and vesting schedule for the respective option;
  • Expected volatility – based on the monthly historical volatility of the Company&#39;s stock price over the expected life of the options;
  • Risk-freeinterest rate – based upon the U.S. Treasury bill yield curve, for periods within the contractual life of the option, in effect at the time of grant.

The Company has elected to estimate forfeitures when recognizing compensation expense, and this estimate of forfeitures is adjusted over the requisite service period or vesting schedule based on the extent to which actual forfeitures differ from such estimates. Changes in estimated forfeitures are recognized through a cumulative catch-up adjustment, which is recognized in the period of change, and also will impact the amount of estimated unamortized compensation expense to be recognized in future periods. Further information on stock-based compensation is presented in Note 18 – Stock Incentive Plans.

Net income per common share – Basic net income per share, commonly referred to as earnings per share, represent income available to common shareholders divided by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, including restricted shares that have not yet vested. Diluted net income per share reflect additional common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential common shares had been issued, as well as any adjustment to income that would result from the assumed issuance. Potential common shares that may be issued by the Company relate solely to outstanding stock options and are determined using the treasury stock method. All net income per common share information has been adjusted to reflect the 5% stock dividends effective July 5, 2019 and April 13, 2018. Additional information on net income per share is presented in Note 19 – Net Income per Share.

Comprehensive income – Accounting principles generally require that recognized revenue, expenses, gains and losses be included in net income. Although certain changes in assets and liabilities, such as unrealized gains and losses on available for sale securities, are reported as a separate component of the equity section of the balance sheet, such items, along with net income, are components of comprehensive income. Further information on the Company&#39;s other comprehensive income is presented in Note 20 – Other Comprehensive Income.

Advertising costs – The Company follows the policy of charging the costs of advertising to expense as they are incurred.

Income taxes – Deferred taxes are provided on the asset and liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences, operating loss carry forwards, and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax basis. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.

When tax returns are filed, it is highly probable that some positions taken would be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities, while others are subject to uncertainty about the merits of the position taken or the amount of the position that would be ultimately sustained. The benefit of a tax position is recognized in the financial statements in the period during which, based on all available evidence, management believes it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including the resolution of appeals or litigation processes, if any. Tax positions taken are not offset or aggregated with other positions. Tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold are measured as the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely of being realized upon settlement with the applicable taxing authority. The portion of the benefits associated with tax positions taken that exceeds the amount measured as described above is reflected as a liability for unrecognized tax benefits in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets along with any associated interest and penalties that would be payable to the taxing authorities upon examination.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Interest and penalties associated with unrecognized tax benefits, if any, are classified as additional income taxes in the statements of income. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, there were no such interest or penalties recognized. Further information on the Company&#39;s accounting policies for income taxes is presented in Note 9 – Income Taxes.

Securities and other property held in a fiduciary capacity – Securities and other property held by VNB Trust and Estate Services, Sturman Wealth Advisors or Masonry Capital in a fiduciary or agency capacity are not assets of the Company and are not included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Revenue Recognition ASU 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers", and all subsequent amendments to the ASU (collectively "ASC 606"), (i) creates a single framework for recognizing revenue from contracts with customers that fall within its scope and (ii) revises when it is appropriate to recognize a gain (loss) from the transfer of nonfinancial assets, such as OREO. The majority of the Company&#39;s revenue is from interest income, including loans and securities, which are outside the scope of the standard. The services that fall within the scope of the standard are presented within noninterest income on the consolidated statement of income and are recognized as revenue as the Company satisfies its obligations to the customer. The revenue that falls within the scope of ASC 606 is primarily related to service charges on deposit accounts, debit/credit card and ATM fees, asset management fees and sales of other real estate owned, when applicable.

Reclassifications – Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform to current year presentation. The results of the reclassifications are not considered material.

Adoption of New Accounting Standard

Leases On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)." The adoption of this standard required lessees to recognize right of use assets and lease liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The FASB made subsequent amendments to Topic 842 in July 2018 through ASU 2018-10 ("Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases") and ASU 2018-11 ("Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements"). Among these amendments is the provision in ASU 2018-11 that provides entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new leases standard. Under this new transition method, an entity initially applies the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. Consequently, an entity&#39;s reporting for the comparative periods presented in the financial statements in which it adopts the new leases standard will continue to be in accordance with current GAAP (Topic 840, Leases).

The Company adopted Topic 842 using the optional transition method noted above. Adoption of this standard resulted in the Company recording a right of use assets of $4.3 million and a lease liability of $4.3 million as of January 1, 2019. Operating leases have been included within other assets and other liabilities on the Company&#39;s Consolidated Balance Sheets. The implementation of this standard resulted in no impact to retained earnings and there was no impact on the Company&#39;s Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Refer to Note 6 "Leases" for further discussion.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Financial Instruments – Credit Losses In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, "Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." The amendments in this ASU, among other things, require the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Financial institutions and other organizations will now use forward-looking information to better inform their credit loss estimates. Many of the loss estimation techniques applied today will still be permitted, although the inputs to those techniques will change to reflect the full amount of expected credit losses. In addition, the ASU amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. At its October 16, 2019 meeting, FASB&#39;s board affirmed its decision to delay the effective date of the ASU for smaller reporting companies, like the Company, until fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods within those years. The Company is currently assessing the impact that Topic 326 will

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

have on its consolidated financial statements. Early in 2017, the Company formed a cross-functional steering committee, including some members of senior management, to provide governance and guidance over the project plan. The steering committee meets regularly to address the compliance requirements, data requirements and sources, and analysis efforts that are required to adopt these new requirements. The Company has engaged a vendor to assist in modeling expected lifetime losses under Topic 326, and expects to continue developing and refining an approach to estimating the allowance for credit losses during 2020. The extent of the change is indeterminable at this time as it will be dependent upon portfolio composition and credit quality at the adoption date, as well as economic conditions and forecasts at that time. Upon adoption, the impact to the allowance for credit losses (currently allowance for loan losses) will have an offsetting one-timecumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings.

Effective November 25, 2019, the SEC adopted Staff Accounting Bulletin (SAB) 119. SAB 119 updated portions of SEC interpretative guidance to align with FASB ASC 326, "Financial Instruments – Credit Losses." It covers topics including (1) measuring current expected credit losses; (2) development, governance, and documentation of a systematic methodology; (3) documenting the results of a systematic methodology; and (4) validating a systematic methodology.

Goodwill Impairment Testing In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment." The amendments in this ASU simplify how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit&#39;s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Instead, under the amendments in this ASU, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity still has the option to perform the qualitative assessment for a reporting unit to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. Public business entities that are SEC filers should adopt the amendments in this ASU for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-04 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13,"Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement." The amendments in this ASU modify the disclosure requirements in Topic 820 to add disclosures regarding changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty. Certain disclosure requirements in Topic 820 are also removed or modified. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Certain of the amendments are to be applied prospectively while others are to be applied retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-13to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

Financial Instruments – Credit Losses – Derivatives and Hedging In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-04,"Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments-CreditLosses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments." This ASU clarifies and improves areas of guidance related to the recently issued standards on credit losses, hedging, and recognition and measurement including improvements resulting from various Transition Resource Group (TRG) Meetings. The effective date of each of the amendments depends on the adoption date of ASU 2016-01,ASU 2016- 03, and ASU 2017-12.The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2019-04will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Financial Instruments – Credit Losses – Targeted Transition Relief In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-05,"Financial Instruments-CreditLosses (Topic 326): Targeted Transition Relief." The amendments in this ASU provide entities that have certain instruments within the scope of Subtopic 326- 20 with an option to irrevocably elect the fair value option in Subtopic 825-10,applied on an instrument- by-instrumentbasis for eligible instruments, upon the adoption of Topic 326. The fair value option election does not apply to held-to-maturitydebt securities. An entity that elects the fair value option

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

should subsequently measure those instruments at fair value with changes in fair value flowing through earnings. The effective date and transition methodology for the amendments in ASU 2019-05 are the same as in ASU 2016-13. The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2019-05 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Financial Instruments-Credit Losses – Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-11,"Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses." This ASU addresses issues raised by stakeholders during the implementation of ASU No. 2016-13,"Financial Instruments-CreditLosses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." Among other narrow-scopeimprovements, the new ASU clarifies guidance around how to report expected recoveries. "Expected recoveries" describes a situation in which an organization recognizes a full or partial write-offof the amortized cost basis of a financial asset, but then later determines that the amount written off, or a portion of that amount, will in fact be recovered. While applying the credit losses standard, stakeholders questioned whether expected recoveries were permitted on assets that had already shown credit deterioration at the time of purchase (also known as PCD assets). In response to this question, the ASU permits organizations to record expected recoveries on PCD assets. In addition to other narrow technical improvements, the ASU also reinforces existing guidance that prohibits organizations from recording negative allowances for available- for-saledebt securities. The ASU includes effective dates and transition requirements that vary depending on whether or not an entity has already adopted ASU 2016-13.The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2019-11will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, "Income Taxes (Topic 740) – Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes." The ASU is expected to reduce cost and complexity related to the accounting for income taxes by removing specific exceptions to general principles in Topic 740 (eliminating the need for an organization to analyze whether certain exceptions apply in a given period) and improving financial statement preparers&#39; application of certain income tax-related guidance. This ASU is part of the FASB&#39;s simplification initiative to make narrow-scope simplifications and improvements to accounting standards through a series of short-term projects. For public business entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2019-12 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Note 2 – Securities

The amortized cost and fair values of securities available for sale as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are as follows:

31 décembre 2019

Amortized Gross Unrealized Gross Unrealized

Fair

Cost

Gains

(Losses)

Valeur

(in thousands)

U.S. Government agencies

$

15,000

$

$

(48

)

$

14,952

Corporate bonds

7,469

7,469

Mortgage-backed securities/CMOs

71,970

76

(314

)

71,732

Municipal bonds

19,656

282

(50)

19,888

Total Securities Available for Sale

$

114,095

$

358

$

(412

)

$

114,041

December 31, 2018

Amortized Gross Unrealized Gross Unrealized

Fair

Cost

Gains

(Losses)

Valeur

(in thousands)

U.S. Government agencies

$

19,500

$

– $

(526) $18,974

Mortgage-backed securities/CMOs

25,901

1

(839

)

25,063

Municipal bonds

17,608

12

(265)

17,355

Total Securities Available for Sale

$

63,009

$

13

$

(1,630

)

$

61,392

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

All mortgage-backed securities included in the above tables were issued by U.S. government agencies and corporations. At December 31, 2019, the securities issued by political subdivisions or agencies were highly rated with 87% of the municipal bonds having AA or higher ratings. Approximately 84% of the municipal bonds are general obligation bonds with issuers that are geographically diverse. The Company held one short-term corporate bond in the amount of $7.5 million as of December 31, 2019 which matures in March 2020. The Company does not hold any derivative instruments.

Marketable equity securities consist of nominal investments made by the Company in equity positions of various community banks and bank holding companies and are reported in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet.

There were no securities classified as held to maturity as of December 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018.

Restricted securities are securities with limited marketability and consist of stock in the FRB, FHLB and CBBFC totaling $1.7 million as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. These restricted securities are carried at cost as they are not permitted to be traded.

For the year ended December 31, 2019, proceeds from the sales of securities amounted to $21.1 million, and gross realized gain on these securities were $71,000. (An additional $3,000 gain was realized from a call of a security during 2019.) For the year ended December 31, 2018, there were no sales of securities.

Securities pledged to secure deposits, and for other purposes required by law, had carrying values of $5.0 million at December 31, 2019 and $18.0 million at December 31, 2018. The decrease in the amount of pledged securities resulted from the elimination of the repurchase agreement program effective December 31, 2018, thereby eliminating the need to pledge collateral for such deposits.

Year-end securities with unrealized losses, segregated by length of time in a continuous unrealized loss position, were as follows:

31 décembre 2019

Less than 12 Months

12 Months or more

Total

(in thousands)

Unrealized

Unrealized

Unrealized

Fair Value

Losses

Fair ValueLosses

Fair ValueLosses

U.S. Government agencies

$

9,957

$

(43) $

1,995

$

(5) $

11,952

$

(48)

Mortgage-backed/CMOs

39,061

(228)

7,716

(86)

46,777

(314)

Municipal bonds

5,922

(50)

5,922

(50)

$

54,940

$

(321) $

9,711

$

(91) $

64,651

$

(412)

December 31, 2018

Less than 12 Months

12 Months or more

Total

(in thousands)

Unrealized

Unrealized

Unrealized

Fair Value

Losses

Fair Value

Losses Fair Value

Losses

U.S. Government agencies

$

$

$

18,974

$

(526

)

$

18,974

$

(526

)

Mortgage-backed/CMOs

24,657

(839)

24,657

(839

)

Municipal bonds

4,983

(34

)

10,722

(231

)

15,705

(265

)

$

4,983

$

(34)

$

54,353

$

(1,596)

$

59,336

$

(1,630)

As of December 31, 2019, there were $64.7 million, or forty-three issues, of individual securities in a loss position. These securities had an unrealized loss of $412,000 and consisted of thirty-one mortgage- backed/CMOs, eight municipal bonds, and four Agency notes.

The Company&#39;s securities portfolio is primarily made up of fixed rate bonds, whose prices move inversely with interest rates. Any unrealized losses are largely due to increases in market interest rates over the yields available at the time the underlying securities were purchased. The fair value is expected to recover as the bonds approach their maturity date or repricing date or if market yields for such investments decline. At the end of any accounting period, the portfolio may have both unrealized gains

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

and losses. Management does not believe any of the securities in an unrealized loss position are impaired due to credit quality and does not intend to sell or believe it will be required to sell any of the securities before recovery of the amortized cost basis. Accordingly, as of December 31, 2019, management believes the impairments detailed in the table above are temporary, and no impairment loss has been realized in the Company&#39;s consolidated income statements.

The amortized cost and fair value of available for sale debt securities at December 31, 2019 are presented below based upon contractual maturities, by major investment categories. Expected maturities may differ from contractual maturities because issuers have the right to call or prepay obligations.

(in thousands)

Amortized Cost Fair Value

U.S. Government agencies

One year or less

$

2,000

$

1,995

After one year to five years

13,000

12,957

$

15,000

$

14,952

Corporate bonds

One year or less

$

7,469

$

7,469

$

7,469

$

7,469

Mortgage-backed securities/CMOs

After five years to ten years

$

15,812

$

15,764

Ten years or more

56,158

55,968

$

71,970

$

71,732

Municipal bonds

One year or less

$

500

$

500

After one year to five years

1,045

1,064

After five years to ten years

6,559

6,662

Ten years or more

11,552

11,662

$

19,656

$

19,888

Total Debt Securities Available for Sale

$

114,095

$

114,041

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 3 – Loans

The composition of the loan portfolio by loan classification appears below.

(in thousands)

December 31,

December 31,

2019

2018

Commercial

Commercial and industrial – organic

$

38,843

$

41,526

Commercial and industrial – government guaranteed

35,347

31,367

Commercial and industrial – syndicated

6,398

12,134

Total commercial and industrial

80,588

85,027

Real estate construction and land

Residential construction

2,197

1,552

Commercial construction

6,880

5,078

Land and land development

8,063

10,894

Total construction and land

17,140

17,524

Real estate mortgages

1-4 family residential, first lien, investment

44,099

40,311

1-4 family residential, first lien, owner occupied

20,671

16,775

1-4 family residential, junior lien

2,520

3,169

1-4 family residential – purchased

33,428

18,647

Home equity lines of credit, first lien

10,268

8,325

Home equity lines of credit, junior lien

9,671

10,912

Farm

8,808

10,397

Multifamily

27,093

27,328

Commercial owner occupied

96,117

93,800

Commercial non-owner occupied

118,561

123,214

Total real estate mortgage

371,236

352,878

Consumer

Consumer revolving credit

20,081

21,540

Consumer all other credit

5,741

5,530

Student loans purchased

44,747

54,691

Total consumer

70,569

81,761

Total loans

539,533

537,190

Less: Allowance for loan losses

(4,209

)

(4,891

)

Net loans

$

535,324

$

532,299

The balances in the table above include unamortized premiums and net deferred loan costs and fees. Unamortized premiums on loans purchased were $2.5 million as of both December 31, 2019 and 2018. Net deferred loan costs (fees) totaled $100,000 and $129,000 as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Loan origination/risk management. The Company has certain lending policies and procedures in place that are designed to maximize loan income within an acceptable level of risk. Management reviews and the Board of Directors approves lending policies on a regular basis. A reporting system supplements the review process by providing management with frequent reports related to loan production, loan quality, concentrations of credit, loan delinquencies, and nonperforming and potential problem loans. Diversification in the loan portfolio is a means of managing risk associated with fluctuations in economic conditions.

Commercial and industrial loans are reported in three classes. Organic loans are originated by the Bank&#39;s commercial lenders. Government guaranteed loan balances represent the guaranteed portion of loans which the Company purchased that are 100% guaranteed by either the United States Department of Agriculture ("USDA") or the Small Business Administration ("SBA"); the originating institution holds the unguaranteed portion of each loan and services it. Syndicated loans, also referred to as shared national credits, are purchased from national lending correspondents. The government guaranteed loans and the

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

shared national credits are typically purchased at a premium. In the event of early prepayment, the Bank may need to write off any unamortized premium.

Both organic and syndicated loans are underwritten according to the Bank&#39;s loan policies. The Company has developed policies to limit overall credit exposure to the syndicated market as a whole and to each borrower. The Bank&#39;s loan policies for underwriting syndicated loans are based on the "Interagency Guidance on Leveraged Lending" applicable to national banks supervised by the OCC.

Organic commercial and industrial loans are underwritten after evaluating and understanding the borrower&#39;s ability to operate profitably and prudently expand its business. Management examines current and projected cash flows to determine the ability of borrowers to repay their obligations as agreed. Commercial and industrial loans are primarily made based on the identified cash flows of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. The cash flows of borrowers, however, may not be as expected, and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Most commercial and industrial loans are secured by the assets being financed or other business assets such as accounts receivable, inventory or marketable securities and may incorporate personal guarantees; however, some short-term loans may be made on an unsecured basis. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers.

Real estate construction and land loans consist primarily of loans for the purchase or refinance of unimproved lots or raw land. Additionally, the Company finances the construction of real estate projects typically where the permanent mortgage will remain with the Company. Specific underwriting guidelines are delineated in the Bank&#39;s loan policies.

Commercial real estate loans are subject to underwriting standards and processes similar to commercial and industrial loans, in addition to those specific to real estate loans. These loans are viewed primarily as cash flow loans and secondarily as loans secured by real estate. Commercial real estate lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts, and the repayment of these loans is generally largely dependent on the successful operation of the property securing the loan or the business conducted on the property securing the loan. Commercial real estate loans may be more adversely affected by conditions in the real estate markets or in the general economy. Management monitors and evaluates commercial real estate loans based on cash flows, collateral, geography and risk grade criteria. As a general rule, the Company avoids financing projects where the source of repayment is dependent upon the sale or operation of the collateral, unless other underwriting factors are present to help mitigate risk.

Residential mortgages include consumer purpose 1-4 family residential properties and home equity loans, as well as investor-owned residential real estate. The Company has purchased two packages of 1-4 family residential mortgages, one in December of 2018 and a second package in November of 2019. Each of the adjustable rate loans purchased were individually underwritten by the Company prior to the closing of the sale. As of December 31, 2019, the balance in both packages totaled approximately $33.4 million. Consumer purpose loans have underwriting standards that are heavily influenced by statutory requirements, which include, but are not limited to, documentation requirements, limits on maximum loan- to-value percentages, and collection remedies. Loans to finance 1-4 family investment properties are primarily dependent upon rental income generated from the property and secondarily supported by the borrower&#39;s personal income. The Company typically originates residential mortgages with the intention of retaining in its portfolio adjustable-rate mortgages and shorter-term,fixed-rate loans. The Company also originates longer-term, fixed rate loans, which are sold to secondary mortgage market correspondents.

Consumer loans are generally small loans spread across many borrowers and are underwritten after determining the ability of the consumer borrower to repay their obligations as agreed. The underwriting standards are heavily influenced by statutory requirements, which include, but are not limited to, documentation requirements and collection remedies. Consumer loans may be secured or unsecured and are comprised of revolving lines, installment loans and other consumer loans. Included in consumer loans are student loan packages that were purchased beginning in 2015. Along with the purchase of these student loans, the Company purchased surety bonds to fully insure this portion of the Company&#39;s consumer portfolio. ReliaMax Surety Company ("ReliaMax Surety"), the South Dakota insurance company which issued surety bonds for the student loan pool, was placed into liquidation due to

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

insolvency on June 27, 2018, and the surety bonds terminated on July 27, 2018. Deposit account overdrafts are included in the consumer loan balances and totaled $197,000 and $26,000 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Independent loan review on a portion of the loan portfolio is performed by an independent loan review firm that reviews and validates the credit risk program on a periodic basis. Results of these reviews are presented to management and the Audit and Compliance Committee of the Board. The loan review process complements and reinforces the risk identification and assessment decisions made by lenders and credit personnel, as well as the Company&#39;s policies and procedures.

Concentrations of credit. Most of the Company&#39;s lending activity occurs within the Commonwealth of Virginia, predominantly in the Company&#39;s primary markets and surrounding areas. The majority of the Company&#39;s loan portfolio consists of commercial real estate loans. The Company manages this risk by using specific underwriting policies and procedures for these types of loans and by avoiding excessive concentrations to any one business or industry.

Related party loans. In the ordinary course of business, the Company has granted loans to certain directors, principal officers and their affiliates (collectively referred to as "related party loans"). Activity in related party loans during 2019 and 2018 is presented in the following table.

(in thousands)

2019

2018

Balance outstanding at beginning of year

$

21,404

$

21,443

Principal additions

225

2,199

Principal reductions

(1,329

)

(2,238

)

Balance outstanding at end of year

$

20,300

$

21,404

Past due, non-accrualet charged-offloans. Loans are considered past due if the required principal and interest payments have not been received as of the date such payments were due.

Loans are placed on non-accrual status when, in management&#39;s opinion, the borrower may be unable to meet payment obligations as they become due. In determining whether or not a borrower may be unable to meet payment obligations for each class of loans, the Company considers the borrower&#39;s debt service capacity through the analysis of current financial information, if available, and/or current information with regards to the Company&#39;s collateral position. Regulatory provisions generally require a loan to be placed on non-accrual status if (i) principal or interest has been in default for a period of 90 days or more unless the loan is both well secured and in the process of collection or (ii) full payment of principal and interest is not expected. Loans may be placed on non-accrual status regardless of whether or not such loans are considered past due. When interest accrual is discontinued, all unpaid accrued interest is reversed. Interest income on non-accrual loans is recognized only to the extent that cash payments are received in excess of principal due. A loan may be returned to accrual status when all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future principal and interest amounts contractually due are reasonably assured, which is typically evidenced by a sustained period (at least six months) of repayment performance by the borrower.

Loans are charged off when 120 days past due. Smaller, unsecured consumer loans, including the student loan portfolio, are typically charged-off when management judges such loans to be uncollectible or the borrowers file for bankruptcy; these loans are generally not placed in non-accrual status prior to charge-off. The Company has contracted with a third party to proactively manage the collections of past due student loans; this third party has extensive experience and specializes in this type of asset management.

Student loans purchased which were 120 or more days past due as of July 27, 2018, were placed in non- accrual based on the loss of insurance on these loans. The Company filed claims for these non-accrual loans with the liquidator of ReliaMax Surety, which issued surety bonds on the student loan portfolio. In the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company collected $311,000 in principal and $9,000 toward interest outstanding on those claims approved by the liquidator.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Non-accrual loans are shown below by class:

(in thousands)

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

Land and land development

$

279

$

32

1-4 family residential mortgages, first lien,

owner occupied

82

Student loans purchased

445

Commercial and industrial – organic

20

56

Total nonaccrual loans

$

299

$

615

The following tables show the aging of past due loans as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

Past Due Aging as of

90 Days

31 décembre 2019

30-59

60-89

90 Days or

Past Due

Days Past

Days Past

More Past

Total Past

Total

and Still

Due

Due

Due

Due

Current

Loans

Accruing

(in thousands)

Commercial loans

Commercial and industrial – organic

$

604

$

20

$

$

624

$

38,219

$

38,843

$

Commercial and industrial – government

guaranteed

548

548

34,799

35,347

548

Commercial and industrial – syndicated

6,398

6,398

Real estate construction and land

Residential construction

2,197

2,197

Commercial construction

6,880

6,880

Land and land development

1

280

281

7,782

8,063

14

Real estate mortgages

1-4 family residential, first lien,

investment

188

188

43,911

44,099

1-4 family residential, first lien, owner

occupied

123

123

20,548

20,671

1-4 family residential, junior lien

2,520

2,520

1-4 family residential – purchased

501

158

659

32,769

33,428

Home equity lines of credit, first lien

10,268

10,268

Home equity lines of credit, junior lien

9,671

9,671

Farm

8,808

8,808

Multifamily

27,093

27,093

Commercial owner occupied

96,117

96,117

Commercial non-owner occupied

118,561

118,561

Consumer loans

Consumer revolving credit

20

20

20,061

20,081

Consumer all other credit

43

43

5,698

5,741

Student loans purchased

697

218

209

1,124

43,623

44,747

209

Total Loans

$

2,054

$

519

$

1,037

$

3,610

$

535,923

$

539,533

$

771

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Past Due Aging as of

90 Days

December 31, 2018

30-59

60-89

90 Days or

Past Due

Days Past

Days Past

More Past

Total Past

Total

and Still

Due

Due

Due

Due

Current

Loans

Accruing

(in thousands)

Commercial loans

Commercial and industrial – organic

$

50

$

172

$

$

222

$

41,304

$

41,526

$

Commercial and industrial – government

548

548

30,819

31,367

548

guaranteed

Commercial and industrial – syndicated

12,134

12,134

Real estate construction and land

Residential construction

1,552

1,552

Commercial construction

5,078

5,078

Land and land development

1

15

16

10,878

10,894

15

Real estate mortgages

1-4 family residential, first lien, investment

40,311

40,311

1-4 family residential, first lien, owner

16,775

16,775

occupied

1-4 family residential, junior lien

3,169

3,169

1-4 family residential – purchased

954

954

17,693

18,647

Home equity lines of credit, first lien

8,325

8,325

Home equity lines of credit, junior lien

10,912

10,912

Farm

10,397

10,397

Multifamily

27,328

27,328

Commercial owner occupied

93,800

93,800

Commercial non-owner occupied

75

75

123,139

123,214

Consumer loans

Consumer revolving credit

21,540

21,540

Consumer all other credit

4

599

603

4,927

5,530

Student loans purchased

850

463

754

2,067

52,624

54,691

332

Total Loans

$

1,934

$

1,234

$

1,317

$

4,485

$

532,705

$

537,190

$

895

Impaired loans. Loans are considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable the Company will be unable to collect all amounts when due in accordance with the original contractual terms of the loan agreement, including scheduled principal and interest payments. Impairment is evaluated on an individual loan basis. If a loan is impaired, a specific valuation allowance is allocated, if necessary, so that the loan is reported net of the impairment, using either the present value of estimated future cash flows at the loan&#39;s existing rate or at the fair value of collateral if repayment is expected solely from the collateral. Interest payments on impaired loans are typically applied to principal unless collectability of the principal amount is reasonably assured, in which case interest is recognized on a cash basis. Impaired loans, or portions thereof, are charged off when deemed uncollectible.

Regulatory guidelines require the Company to re-evaluate the fair value of collateral supporting impaired collateral dependent loans on at least an annual basis.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The following tables provide a breakdown by class of the loans classified as impaired loans as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. These loans are reported at their recorded investment, which is the carrying amount of the loan as reflected on the Company&#39;s balance sheet, net of charge-offs and other amounts applied to reduce the net book balance. Average recorded investment in impaired loans is computed using an average of month-end balances for these loans for the twelve months ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. Interest income recognized is for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

31 décembre 2019

Unpaid

Average

Interest

Recorded

Principal

Associated

Recorded

Income

Investment

Balance

Allowance

Investment

Recognized

(in thousands)

Impaired loans without a valuation allowance:

Land and land development

$

279

$

324

$

$

67

$

13

1-4 family residential mortgages, first lien,

owner occupied

20

2

1-4 family residential mortgages, junior lien

117

117

122

6

Commercial non-owner occupied real estate

879

879

900

48

Commercial and industrial – organic

20

20

3

1

Total impaired loans without a valuation allowance

1,295

1,340

1,112

70

Impaired loans with a valuation allowance

Student loans purchased

1,184

1,184

21

1,549

86

Total impaired loans with a valuation allowance

1,184

1,184

21

1,549

86

Total impaired loans

$

2,479

$

2,524

$

21

$

2,661

$

156

December 31, 2018

Unpaid

Average

Interest

Recorded

Principal

Associated

Recorded

Income

Investment

Balance

Allowance

Investment

Recognized

(in thousands)

Impaired loans without a valuation allowance:

Land and land development

$

32

$

90

$

$

37

$

1-4 family residential mortgages, first lien,

owner occupied

82

127

90

1-4 family residential mortgages, junior lien

127

127

248

15

Commercial non-owner occupied real estate

923

923

947

51

Total impaired loans without a valuation allowance

1,164

1,267

1,322

66

Impaired loans with a valuation allowance

Student loans purchased

1,602

1,602

90

1,387

86

Total impaired loans with a valuation allowance

1,602

1,602

90

1,387

86

Total impaired loans

$

2,766

$

2,869

$

90

$

2,709

$

152

Troubled debt restructurings ("TDRs") are also considered impaired loans. TDRs occur when the Bank agrees to modify the original terms of a loan by granting a concession that it would not otherwise consider due to the deterioration in the financial condition of the borrower. These concessions are done in an attempt to improve the paying capacity of the borrower, and in some cases to avoid foreclosure, and are made with the intent to restore the loan to a performing status once sufficient payment history can be demonstrated. These concessions could include reductions in the interest rate, payment extensions, forgiveness of principal, forbearance or other actions.

Based on regulatory guidance on Student Lending, the Company classified 67 of its student loans purchased as TDRs for a total of $1.2 million as of December 31, 2019. The Company classified 66 of its student loans purchased as TDRs for a total of $1.2 million as of December 31, 2018. These borrowers, who should have been in repayment, requested and were granted payment extensions exceeding the maximum lifetime allowable payment forbearance of twelve months (36 months lifetime allowance for military service), as permitted under the regulatory guidance, and are therefore considered restructurings. Student loan borrowers are allowed in-school deferments, plus an automatic six month grace period post in-school status, before repayment is scheduled to begin, and these deferments do not count toward the maximum allowable forbearance. Initially, all student loans were fully insured by a surety bond, and the

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Company did not expect to experience a loss on these loans. Based on the termination of the surety bond on July 27, 2018 due to the insolvency of the insurer, management has evaluated these loans individually for impairment and included any potential loss in the allowance for loan losses; interest continues to accrue on these TDRs during any deferment and forbearance periods.

The following provides a summary, by class, of modified loans that continue to accrue interest under the terms of the restructuring agreement, which are considered to be performing, and modified loans that have been placed in non-accrual status, which are considered to be nonperforming.

Troubled debt restructurings (TDRs)

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

No. of

Recorded

No. of

Recorded

(in thousands)

Loans

Investment

Loans

Investment

Performing TDRs

1-4 family residential mortgages, junior lien

1

$

117

1

$

127

Commercial non-owner occupied real estate

1

879

1

923

Student loans purchased

67

1,184

65

1,157

Total performing TDRs

69

$

2,180

67

$

2,207

Nonperforming TDRs

Student loans purchased

1

4

Land and land development

1

$

13

1

$

19

Total nonperforming TDRs

1

$

13

2

$

23

Total TDRs

70

$

2,193

69

$

2,230

A summary of loans shown above that were modified as TDRs during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 is shown below by class. Loans modified as TDRs that were fully paid down, charged-off, or foreclosed upon by period end are not reported. The Post-Modification Recorded Balance reflects any interest or fees from the original loan which may have been added to the principal balance on the new note as a condition of the TDR. Additionally, the Post-Modification Recorded Balance is reported below at the period end balances, inclusive of all partial principal pay downs and principal charge-offs since the modification date.

During year ended

During year ended

(in thousands)

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

Pre-

Post-

Pre-

Post-

Modification

Modification

Modification

Modification

Number

Recorded

Recorded

Number

Recorded

Recorded

of Loans

Balance

Balance

of Loans

Balance

Balance

Student loans purchased

22

$

230

$

230

12

$

244

$

244

Total loans modified during the period

22

$

230

$

230

12

$

244

$

244

During the year ended December 31, 2019, there were three loans modified as TDRs that subsequently defaulted which had been modified as TDRs during the twelve months prior to default. These student loans had balances totaling $23,000 prior to being charged off. There was one loan modified as a TDR that subsequently defaulted during the year ended December 31, 2018 and was modified as a TDR during the twelve months prior to default. This student loan had a balance of $33,000 prior to being charged off.

There were no loans secured by 1-4 family residential property that were in the process of foreclosure at either December 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 4 – Allowance for Loan Losses

A summary of the transactions in the allowance for loan losses for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 appears below:

(in thousands)

2019

2018

Balance, beginning of period

$

4,891

$

4,043

Loans charged off

(2,259

)

(1,097)

Recoveries

202

72

Net charge-offs

(2,057

)

(1,025

)

Provision for loan losses

1,375

1,873

Balance, December 31

$

4,209

$

4,891

Management has an established methodology to determine the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses that assesses the risks and losses inherent in the loan portfolio. For purposes of determining the allowance for loan losses, the Company has segmented certain loans in the portfolio by product type. Within these segments, the Company has sub-segmented its portfolio by classes, based on the associated risks within these classes.

Loan Classes by Segments

Commercial loan segment:

Commercial and industrial – organic

Commercial and industrial – government guaranteed

Commercial and industrial – syndicated

Real estate construction and land loan segment:

Residential construction

Commercial construction

Land and land development

Real estate mortgage loan segment:

1-4 family residential, first lien, investment

1-4 family residential, first lien, owner occupied

1-4 family residential, junior lien

1-4 family residential, first lien – purchased Home equity lines of credit, first lien Home equity lines of credit, junior lien Farm

Multifamily

Commercial owner occupied Commercial non-owner occupied

Consumer loan segment:

Consumer revolving credit

Consumer all other credit

Student loans purchased

Management utilizes a loss migration model for determining the quantitative risk assigned to unimpaired loans in order to capture historical loss information at the loan level, track loss migration through risk grade deterioration, and increase efficiencies related to performing the calculations. The quantitative risk factor for each loan class primarily utilizes a migration analysis loss method based on loss history for the prior twelve quarters.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The migration analysis loss method is used for all loan classes except for the following:

  • Student loans purchased – On June 27, 2018, the Company was notified that ReliaMax Surety Company ("ReliaMax Surety"), the South Dakota insurance company which issued surety bonds for the student loan pools, was placed into liquidation due to insolvency. As such, the historical charge-off rate on this portfolio is determined by using the Company&#39;s own losses/charge-offs since July 1, 2018, together with prior insurance claim history. For reporting periods prior to June 30, 2018, the Company did not charge off student loans as the insurance covered the past due loans, but the Company did apply qualitative factors to calculate a reserve on these loans, net of the deposit reserve accounts held by the Company for this group of loans.
  • Commercial and industrial government guaranteed loans – These loans require no reserve as these are 100% guaranteed by either the SBA or the USDA.
  • Commercial and industrial syndicated loans – Beginning with the quarter ended September 30, 2016, migration analysis was utilized on the Pass pool. For all other pools, there was not an established loss history; therefore the S&P credit and recovery ratings on the credit facilities were utilized to calculate a three-year weighted average historical default rate. As of December 31, 2019, only migration analysis was utilized since all outstanding syndicated loans at that time were in the Pass pool.

Under the migration analysis method, average loss rates are calculated at the risk grade and class levels by dividing the twelve-quarter average net charge-off amount by the twelve-quarter average loan balances. Qualitative factors are combined with these quantitative factors to arrive at the overall general allowances.

The Company&#39;s internal creditworthiness grading system is based on experiences with similarly graded loans. The Company performs regular credit reviews of the loan portfolio to review the credit quality and adherence to its underwriting standards. Additionally, an independent loan review of a portion of the Company&#39;s loan portfolio is performed periodically.

Loans that trend upward toward more positive risk ratings generally have a lower risk factor associated. Conversely, loans that migrate toward more negative ratings generally will result in a higher risk factor being applied to those related loan balances.

Risk Ratings and Historical Loss Factor Assigned

Excellent

A 0% historical loss factor is applied, as these loans are secured by cash or fully guaranteed by a U.S. government agency and represent a minimal risk. The Company has never experienced a loss within this category.

Good

A 0% historical loss factor is applied, as these loans represent a low risk and are secured by marketable collateral within margin. In an abundance of caution, a nominal loss reserve is applied to these loans. The Company has never experienced a loss within this category.

Pass

A historical loss factor for loans rated "Pass" is applied to current balances of like-rated loans, pooled by class. Loans with the following risk ratings are pooled by class and considered together as "Pass":

Satisfactory – modest risk loans where the borrower has strong and liquid financial statements and more than adequate cash flow

Average – average risk loans where the borrower has reasonable debt service capacity Marginal – acceptable risk loans where the borrower has acceptable financial statements but is leveraged

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Watch

These loans have an acceptable risk but require more attention than normal servicing. A historical loss factor for loans rated "Watch" is applied to current balances of like-rated loans pooled by class.

Special Mention

These potential problem loans are currently protected but are potentially weak. A historical loss factor for loans rated "Special Mention" is applied to current balances of like-rated loans pooled by class.

Substandard

These problem loans are inadequately protected by the sound worth and paying capacity of the borrower and/or the value of any collateral pledged. These loans may be considered impaired and evaluated on an individual basis. Otherwise, a historical loss factor for loans rated "Substandard" is applied to current balances of all other "Substandard" loans pooled by class.

Doubtful

Loans with this rating have significant deterioration in the sound worth and paying capacity of the borrower and/or the value of any collateral pledged, making collection or liquidation of the loan in full highly questionable. These loans would be considered impaired and are evaluated on an individual basis.

The following represents the loan portfolio designated by the internal risk ratings assigned to each credit at December 31, 2019 and 2018. There were no loans rated "Doubtful" as of either period.

Special

Sub-

31 décembre 2019

Excellent

Good

Pass

Watch

Mention

standard

TOTAL

(in thousands)

Commercial

Commercial and industrial – organic

$

6,463

$

16,453

$

14,257

$

1,493

$

37

$

140

$

38,843

Commercial and industrial – government

guaranteed

35,347

35,347

Commercial and industrial – syndicated

6,398

6,398

Real estate construction

Residential construction

2,197

2,197

Commercial construction

6,880

6,880

Land and land development

7,563

207

293

8,063

Real estate mortgages

1-4 family residential, first lien, investment

39,641

4,076

382

44,099

1-4 family residential, first lien, owner

occupied

19,578

1,040

53

20,671

1-4 family residential, junior lien

2,029

33

17

441

2,520

1-4 family residential, first lien – purchased

33,428

33,428

Home equity lines of credit, first lien

9,591

677

10,268

Home equity lines of credit, junior lien

9,357

232

82

9,671

Farm

6,149

318

2,341

8,808

Multifamily

26,690

403

27,093

Commercial owner occupied

86,884

5,928

1,677

1,628

96,117

Commercial non-owner occupied

116,092

1,558

911

118,561

Consumer

Consumer revolving credit

279

19,176

606

20

20,081

Consumer all other credit

199

5,035

507

5,741

Student loans purchased

42,598

1,729

211

209

44,747

Total Loans

$

42,288

$

40,664

$

430,445

$

17,714

$

1,942

$

6,480

$

539,533

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Special

Sub-

December 31, 2018

Excellent

Good

Pass

Watch

Mention

standard

TOTAL

(in thousands)

Commercial

Commercial and industrial – organic

$

3,692

$

23,381

$

13,993

$

264

$

28

$

168

$

41,526

Commercial and industrial – government

guaranteed

31,367

31,367

Commercial and industrial – syndicated

9,588

2,546

12,134

Real estate construction

Residential construction

1,552

1,552

Commercial construction

5,078

5,078

Land and land development

9,888

501

505

10,894

Real estate mortgages

1-4 family residential, first lien, investment

36,314

3,607

117

273

40,311

1-4 family residential, first lien, owner

occupied

15,540

1,087

11

137

16,775

1-4 family residential, junior lien

2,573

58

22

516

3,169

1-4 family residential, first lien – purchased

18,647

18,647

Home equity lines of credit, first lien

7,911

414

8,325

Home equity lines of credit, junior lien

10,704

97

111

10,912

Farm

8,719

339

1,339

10,397

Multifamily

27,328

27,328

Commercial owner occupied

86,868

6,932

93,800

Commercial non-owner occupied

120,720

1,519

975

123,214

Consumer

Consumer revolving credit

44

20,852

644

21,540

Consumer all other credit

263

4,699

535

4

29

5,530

Student loans purchased

51,494

2,401

431

365

54,691

Total Loans

$

35,366

$

48,932

$

428,096

$

17,223

$

609

$

6,964

$

537,190

In addition to the historical factors, the adequacy of the Company&#39;s allowance for loan losses is evaluated through reference to eight qualitative factors, listed below and ranked in order of importance:

  1. Changes in national and local economic conditions, including the condition of various market segments;
  2. Changes in the value of underlying collateral;
  3. Changes in volume of classified assets, measured as a percentage of capital;
  4. Changes in volume of delinquent loans;
  5. The existence and effect of any concentrations of credit and changes in the level of such concentrations;
  6. Changes in lending policies and procedures, including underwriting standards;
  7. Changes in the experience, ability and depth of lending management and staff; et
  8. Changes in the level of policy exceptions.

It has been the Company&#39;s experience that the first five factors drive losses to a much greater extent than the last three factors; therefore, the first five factors are weighted more heavily. Qualitative factors are not assessed against loans rated "Excellent" or "Good."

For each segment and class of loans, management must exercise significant judgment to determine the estimation method that fits the credit risk characteristics of the various segments. Although this evaluation is inherently subjective, qualified management utilizes its significant knowledge and experience related to both the market and history of the Company&#39;s loan losses.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

During these evaluations, particular characteristics associated with a segment of the loan portfolio are also considered. These characteristics are detailed below:

  • Commercial loans not secured by real estate carry risks associated with the successful operation of a business, and the repayments of these loans depend on the profitability and cash flows of the business. Additional risk relates to the value of collateral where depreciation occurs and the valuation is less precise.
  • Commercial loans purchased from the syndicated loan market generally represent shared national credits, which are participations in loans or loan commitments that are shared by three or more banks. Included in the Company&#39;s shared national credit portfolio are purchased participations and assignments in leveraged lending transactions. Leveraged lending transactions are generally used to support a merger- or acquisition-related transaction, to back a recapitalization of a company&#39;s balance sheet or to refinance debt. When considering a participation in the leveraged lending market, the Company participates only in first lien senior secured term loans. To further minimize risk, the Company has developed policies to limit overall credit exposure to the syndicated market as a whole, as well as limits by industry and borrower.
  • Loans secured by commercial real estate also carry risks associated with the success of the business and the ability to generate a positive cash flow sufficient to service debts. Real estate security diminishes risks only to the extent that a market exists for the subject collateral.
  • Consumer loans carry risks associated with the continued creditworthiness of the borrower and the value of the collateral, such as automobiles which may depreciate more rapidly than other assets. In addition, these loans may be unsecured. Consumer loans are more likely than real estate loans to be immediately affected in an adverse manner by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Consumer loans are further segmented into consumer revolving lines, all other consumer loans and student loans purchased.
  • Real estate secured construction loans carry risks that a project will not be completed as scheduled and budgeted and that the value of the collateral may, at any point, be less than the principal amount of the loan. Additional risks may occur if the general contractor, who may not be a loan customer, is unable to finish the project as planned due to financial pressures unrelated to the project.
  • Residential real estate loans carry risks associated with the continued creditworthiness of the borrower and changes in the value of the collateral. In addition, for investor-owned residential real estate, the repayment may be volatile as leases are generally shorter term in nature.

Impaired loans are individually evaluated and, if deemed appropriate, a specific allocation is made for these loans. In reviewing the loans classified as impaired totaling $2.5 million at December 31, 2019, there was $21,000 in valuation allowance on these loans after consideration was given for each borrowing as to the fair value of the collateral on the loan or the present value of expected future cash flows from the customer.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Allowance for Loan Losses Rollforward by Portfolio Segment

As of and for the year ended December 31, 2019

Real Estate

Real

Commercial

Construction

Estate

Consumer

(in thousands)

Loans

and Land

Mortgages

Loans

Total

Allowance for Loan Losses:

Balance as of beginning of year

$

811

$

119

$

2,611

$

1,350

$

4,891

Charge-offs

(482

)

(1,777

)

(2,259

)

Recoveries

51

1

14

136

202

Provision for (recovery of) loan losses

(78

)

(11

)

59

1,405

1,375

Ending Balance

$

302

$

109

$

2,684

$

1,114

$

4,209

Ending Balance:

Individually evaluated for impairment

$

$

$

$

21

$

21

Collectively evaluated for impairment

302

109

2,684

1,093

4,188

Loans:

Individually evaluated for impairment

$

20

$

279

$

996

$

1,184

$

2,479

Collectively evaluated for impairment

80,568

16,861

370,240

69,385

537,054

Ending Balance

$

80,588

$

17,140

$

371,236

$

70,569

$

539,533

As of and for the year ended December 31, 2018

(in thousands)

Real Estate

Real

Commercial Construction

Estate

Consumer

Loans

and Land

Mortgages

Loans

Total

Allowance for Loan Losses:

Balance as of beginning of year

$

885

$

206

$

2,730

$

222

$

4,043

Charge-offs

(75

)

(1,022

)

(1,097

)

Recoveries

54

2

16

72

Provision for (recovery of) loan losses

(53

)

(87

)

(121

)

2,134

1,873

Ending Balance

$

811

$

119

$

2,611

$

1,350

$

4,891

Ending Balance:

Individually evaluated for impairment

$

$

$

$

90

$

90

Collectively evaluated for impairment

811

119

2,611

1,260

4,801

Loans:

Individually evaluated for impairment

$

$

32

$

1,132

$

1,602

$

2,766

Collectively evaluated for impairment

85,027

17,492

351,746

80,159

534,424

Ending Balance

$

85,027

$

17,524

$

352,878

$

81,761

$

537,190

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 5 Premises and Equipment

Premises and equipment are summarized as follows:

December 31,

December 31,

(in thousands)

2019

2018

Leasehold improvements

$

14,713

$

14,594

Building and land

1,215

1,215

Construction and fixed assets in progress

68

434

Furniture and equipment

6,636

6,513

Computer software

2,618

2,305

$

25,250

$

25,061

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

19,105

18,019

$

6,145

$

7,042

Note 6 – Leases

On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02 "Leases (Topic 842)" and all subsequent ASUs that modified Topic 842. The Company elected the prospective application approach provided by ASU 2018-11 and did not adjust prior periods for ASC 842. The Company also elected certain practical expedients within the standard and consistent with such elections did not reassess whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, did not reassess the lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and did not reassess any initial direct costs for existing leases. Lease payments for short-term leases are recognized as lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Payments for leases with terms longer than twelve months are included in the determination of the lease liability.

The implementation of the new standard resulted in recognition of a right-of-use asset and lease liability of $4.3 million at the date of adoption, which is related to the Company&#39;s lease of premises used in operations. The right-of-use asset and lease liability are included in other assets and other liabilities, respectively, in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Lease liabilities represent the Company&#39;s obligation to make lease payments and are presented at each reporting date as the net present value of the remaining contractual cash flows. Cash flows are discounted at the Company&#39;s incremental borrowing rate in effect at the commencement date of the lease for a term similar to the length of the lease, including any probable renewal options available. Right-of- use assets represent the Company&#39;s right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and are calculated as the sum of the lease liability and if applicable, prepaid rent, initial direct costs and any incentives received from the lessor.

At December 31, 2019, the Company had leased certain of its banking and operations offices, or the land on which such offices were built, under operating lease agreements on terms ranging from 1 to 20 years, most with renewal options. Each of the Company&#39;s long-term lease agreements are classified as operating leases. Certain of these leases offer the option to extend the lease term and the Company has included such extensions in its calculation of the lease liabilities to the extent the options are reasonably assured of being exercised. The lease agreements do not provide for residual value guarantees and have no restrictions or covenants that would impact dividends or require incurring additional financial obligations. Refer to Note 12 – Related Party Transactions for information regarding leasing transactions with related parties.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The following tables present information about the Company&#39;s leases (dollars in thousands):

December 31,

2019

Lease liability

$

3,604

Right-of-use asset

$

3,576

Weighted average remaining lease term

5.04 years

Weighted average discount rate

2.83%

Lease Expense

2019

2018

Operating lease expense

$

815

NR*

Short-term lease expense

137

NR*

Total lease expense

$

952

$

913

Cash paid for amounts included in lease liabilities

$

788

NR*

NR* = not required

A maturity analysis of operating lease liabilities and reconciliation of the undiscounted cash flows to the total of operating lease liabilities is as follows (dollars in thousands):

December 31,

Undiscounted Cash Flow

2019

Twelve months ending December 31, 2020

799

Twelve months ending December 31, 2021

807

Twelve months ending December 31, 2022

768

Twelve months ending December 31, 2023

680

Twelve months ending December 31, 2024

469

Thereafter

354

Total undiscounted cash flows

$

3,877

Less: Discount

(273)

Lease liability

$

3,604

Note 7 – Intangible Assets

On February 1, 2016 (the "Effective Date"), VNB Wealth purchased the book of business, including interest in the client relationships, ("Purchased Relationships"), from an officer (the "Seller") of VNB Wealth pursuant to an employment and asset purchase agreement (the "Purchase Agreement"). Prior to becoming an employee of the Company and until the Effective Date of the sale, the Seller provided services to these Purchased Relationships as a sole proprietor. As of January 15, 2016, the fair value of the assets under management associated with the Purchased Relationships totaled $31.5 million. Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, the Company will receive all future revenue for investment management, advisory, brokerage, insurance, consulting, trust and related services performed for the Purchased Relationships.

The purchase price of $1.2 million was payable over a five year period with the last payment being made in January 2020. During the first quarter of 2016, the Company recognized goodwill and other intangible assets arising from this purchase. As required under ASC Topic 805, "Business Combinations," using the acquisition method of accounting, below is a summary of the net asset values, as determined by an independent third party, based on the fair value measurements and the purchase price.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The intangible assets identified below will be amortized using a straight line method over the estimated useful life, and the amortized cost will be shown as noninterest expense. In accordance with ASC 350, "Intangibles-Goodwill and Other," the Company will review the carrying value of indefinite lived goodwill at least annually or more frequently if certain impairment indicators exist.

Estimated

% of Total

Economic Useful

(dollars in thousands)

Fair Value Intangible Assets

Life

Identified Intangible Assets

Non-Compete Agreement

$

103

9.0%

3 years

Customer Relationships Intangible

670

58.5

%

10 years

Total Identified Intangible Assets

$

773

67.5%

Goodwill

$

372

32.5%

Indefinite

Total Intangible Assets

$

1,145

100.0

%

Through the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, the Company recognized $83,000 in amortization expense from these identified intangible assets with a finite life. The net carrying value of $408,000 will be recognized as amortization expense in future reporting periods through 2026. The following shows the gross and net balance of these intangible assets as of December 31, 2019.

Gross Carrying

Accumulated

Net Carrying

(in thousands)

Valeur

Amortization

Valeur

Identified Intangible Assets

Non-Compete Agreement

$

103

$

103

$

Customer Relationships Intangible

670

262

$

408

Total Identified Intangible Assets

$

773

$

365

$

408

As of December 31, 2019, the Company carried a contingent liability of $28,000, representing the net of the fair value of the purchase price, less the first four payments made to the Seller. The remaining annual payment as delineated in the Purchase Agreement was paid from this liability in January 2020.

Note 8 – Deposits

At December 31, 2019, the scheduled maturities of time deposits are as follows:

2020

$

84,212

2021

22,231

2022

1,000

2023

928

2024

907

$

109,278

The aggregate amount of time deposits with a minimum balance of $250,000 was $38.4 million at December 31, 2019 and $28.0 million at December 31, 2018.

Included in the time deposits reported above are Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service CDs, known as CDARSTM, whereby depositors can obtain FDIC deposit insurance on account balances of up to $50 million. CDARSTM deposits totaled $13.7 million as of December 31, 2019 and $27.3 million as of December 31, 2018, all of which were reciprocal balances for the Bank&#39;s customers. In May 2018, the "Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act" was enacted, which excluded reciprocal CDARS™ deposits for certain banks from brokered deposit treatment up to the lesser of $5 billion or 20% of a bank&#39;s total liabilities. Therefore, the Company&#39;s CDARS™ reciprocal deposits as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were not treated as brokered deposits.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Company implemented an Insured Cash Sweep® (ICS®) product during 2018. At December 31, 2019, ICS® balances, included in demand deposit and money market account balances, were $19.3 million and $53.6 million, respectively. At December 31, 2018, ICS® balances, included in demand deposit and money market account balances, were $15.8 million and $21.0 million, respectively. Such balances were not treated as brokered deposits.

The company had no deposits to report as brokered deposits as of December 31, 2019 or 2018.

Deposit account overdrafts reported as loans totaled $197,000 and $26,000 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The Company has entered into deposit transactions with certain directors, principal officers and their affiliates (collectively referred to as "related party deposits"), all of which are under the same terms as other customers. The aggregate amount of these related party deposits was $15.4 million and $6.3 million as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Note 9 – Income Taxes

The Company files tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal tax examinations by tax authorities for years prior to 2016.

The Commonwealth of Virginia assesses a Bank Franchise Tax on banks instead of a state income tax. The Bank Franchise Tax expense is reported in noninterest expense, and the calculation of that tax is unrelated to taxable income.

Net deferred tax assets consist of the following components as of year-end:

(in thousands)

2019

2018

Deferred tax assets:

Allowance for loan losses

$

884

$

1,027

Non-accrual loan interest

4

15

Stock option/grant expense

20

32

Start-up expenses

43

47

Home equity closing costs

24

27

Deferred compensation expense

9

10

Goodwill and other intangible assets

12

14

Lease accounting standard

6

Securities available for sale unrealized loss

11

339

Depreciation

477

404

$

1,490

$

1,915

Deferred tax liabilities:

Deferred loan costs

21

27

21

27

Net deferred tax assets

$

1,469

$

1,888

The provision for income taxes charged to operations for years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 consists of the following:

(in thousands)

2019

2018

Current tax expense

$

1,436

$

2,303

Deferred tax expense (benefit)

91

(234)

Provision for income taxes

$

1,527

$

2,069

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Company&#39;s income tax provision differs from the amount of income tax determined by applying the U.S. federal income tax rate to pretax income for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 due to the following:

(dollars in thousands)

2019

2018

Federal statutory rate

21%

21%

Computed statutory tax expense

$

1,726

$

2,213

Increase (decrease) in tax resulting from:

Tax-exempt interest income

(62

)

(74

)

Tax-exempt income from Bank

Owned Life Insurance (BOLI)

(168

)

(94

)

Stock option expense

10

7

Stock option exercise benefit

(15

)

(18

)

Other expenses

36

35

Provision for income taxes

$

1,527

$

2,069

Note 10 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities

In the normal course of business, there are various outstanding commitments and contingent liabilities, which are not reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The Company does not anticipate any material loss as a result of these transactions.

As a member of the Federal Reserve System, the Company is required to maintain certain average clearing balances. Those balances include amounts on deposit with the Federal Reserve. For the final weekly reporting period in the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, no daily average required balances were required for either year.

Note 11 – Financial Instruments with Off-Balance Sheet Risk and Credit Risk

The Company is a party to financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. These financial instruments consist primarily of commitments to extend credit, such as unfunded lines of credit and standby letters of credit. The Company also treats authorization limits for originating Automated Clearing House ("ACH") transactions as commitments. In addition to the amounts shown below, the Company has extended commitment letters at December 31, 2019 in the amount of $14.4 million to various borrowers. At December 31, 2018, commitment letters totaled $9.5 million. Commitment letters are done in the normal course of business and typically expire after 120 days. All of these off-balance-sheet instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk in excess of the amount recognized in the balance sheet, although material losses are not anticipated. The contract or notional amounts of those instruments reflect the extent of involvement the Company has in particular classes of financial instruments.

The Company&#39;s exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instrument for commitments to extend credit is represented by the contractual notional amount of those instruments. The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as it does for on-balance-sheet instruments.

The totals for financial instruments whose contract amount represents credit risk are shown below:

Notional Amount

December 31,

December 31,

(in thousands)

2019

2018

Unfunded lines-of-credit

$

106,784

$

88,323

ACH

18,665

20,131

Letters of credit

5,351

5,744

Total

$

130,800

$

114,198

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to a customer as long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract. Commitments generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses and may require payment of a fee. Since many of the commitments are expected to expire without being drawn upon, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements. The Company evaluates each customer&#39;s creditworthiness on a case-by-case basis. The amount of collateral, if deemed necessary by the Company upon extension of credit, is based on management&#39;s credit evaluation of the counterparty. Collateral normally consists of real property.

Standby letters of credit are conditional commitments by the Company to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party. Those guarantees are primarily issued to support public and private borrowing arrangements, including commercial paper, bond financing, and similar transactions. The credit risk involved in issuing letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved in extending loan facilities to customers. The Company holds real estate and bank deposits as collateral supporting those commitments for which collateral is deemed necessary.

The Company has approximately $5.9 million in deposits in other financial institutions in excess of amounts insured by the FDIC at December 31, 2019.

Note 12 – Related Party Transactions

From time to time, the Company and its subsidiaries have business dealings with companies owned by directors and beneficial shareholders of the Company. Payments made to these companies that exceeded the disclosure threshold of $120,000 in 2019 are reported below.

In 2019 and 2018, leasing/rental expenditures of $500,000 and $492,000 respectively, (including reimbursements for taxes, insurance, and other expenses) were paid to an entity indirectly owned by a director of the Company.

Note 13 – Capital Requirements

The Bank is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the federal banking agencies. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory, and possibly additional discretionary, actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Bank&#39;s consolidated financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance-sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The capital amounts and classifications are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings, and other factors. Federal banking regulations also impose regulatory capital requirements on bank holding companies. However, in August 2018, the Federal Reserve Board issued an interim final rule, which was effective August 30, 2018, that expanded its small bank holding company policy statement (the "SBHC Policy Statement") to bank holding companies with total consolidated assets of less than $3 billion (up from the prior $1 billion threshold). Under the SBHC Policy Statement, qualifying bank holding companies have additional flexibility in the amount of debt they can issue and are also exempt from the Basel III Capital Rules (subsidiary depository institutions of qualifying bank holding companies are still subject to capital requirements). The Company currently has less than $3 billion in total consolidated assets and would likely qualify under the revised SBHC Policy Statement. However, the Company does not currently intend to issue a material amount of debt or take any other action that would cause its capital ratios to fall below the minimum ratios required by the Basel III Capital Rules.

The Basel III regulatory capital rules effective January 1, 2015 required the Company and its subsidiaries to comply with the following new minimum capital ratios: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.50% of risk-weighted assets; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.00% of risk-weighted assets (increased from the prior requirement of 4.00%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 8.00% of risk-weighted assets (unchanged from the prior requirement); and (iv) a leverage ratio of 4.00% of total assets (unchanged from the prior requirement). These were the initial capital requirements.

Beginning January 1, 2016 a capital conservation buffer requirement began to be phased in over a four- year period, beginning at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and increasing annually to 2.50% at January 1,

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2019. Therefore, for the calendar year 2019, this 2.50% buffer effectively results in the minimum

  1. common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0% of risk-weighted assets; (ii) Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5% of risk-weighted assets; and (iii) total capital ratio of 10.50% of risk-weighted assets. With respect to the Bank, the rules also revised the "prompt corrective action" regulations pursuant to Section 38 of the FDIA. In addition, the new capital requirements for the Bank include changes in the risk weights of assets to better reflect credit risk and other risk exposures.

The Bank&#39;s capital ratios remained well above the levels designated by bank regulators as "well capitalized" at December 31, 2019. To be categorized as well capitalized, the Bank must maintain minimum total risk-based, Tier 1 risk-based, and Tier 1 leverage ratios as set forth in the table below. There are no conditions or events since that management believes have changed the institution&#39;s category.

On September 17, 2019 the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation finalized a rule that introduces an optional simplified measure of capital adequacy for qualifying community banking organizations, referred to as, the community bank leverage ratio (CBLR) framework, as required by the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act. The CBLR framework is designed to reduce burden by removing the requirements for calculating and reporting risk-based capital ratios for qualifying community banking organizations that opt into the framework.

In order to qualify for the CBLR framework, a community banking organization must have a tier 1 leverage ratio of greater than 9 percent, less than $10 billion in total consolidated assets, and limited amounts of off-balance-sheet exposures and trading assets and liabilities. A qualifying community banking organization that opts into the CBLR framework and meets all requirements under the framework will be considered to have met the well-capitalized ratio requirements under the Prompt Corrective Action regulations and will not be required to report or calculate risk-based capital.

The CBLR framework will be available for banks to use in their March 31, 2020 Call Report. The Bank has decided not to opt into the CBLR framework.

The Bank calculates its regulatory capital under the Basel III regulatory capital framework. The table below summarizes the Bank&#39;s regulatory capital and related ratios for the periods presented:

31 décembre 2019

Minimum

(dollars in thousands)

To Be Well Capitalized

Minimum Capital

Under Prompt Corrective

Actual

Requirement

Action Provisions

Amount

Ratio

Amount

Ratio

Amount

Ratio

Total Capital

(To Risk Weighted Assets)

Bank

$

79,058

14.98

%

$

42,225

8.00

%

$

52,781

10.00

%

Common Equity Tier 1 Capital

(To Risk Weighted Assets)

Bank

$

74,819

14.18

%

$

23,751

4.50

%

$

34,308

6.50

%

Tier 1 Capital

(To Risk Weighted Assets)

Bank

$

74,819

14.18

%

$

31,668

6.00

%

$

42,225

8.00

%

Tier 1 Capital

(To Average Assets)

Bank

$

74,819

10.73

%

$

27,891

4.00

%

$

34,864

5.00

%

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

December 31, 2018

Minimum

(dollars in thousands)

To Be Well Capitalized

Minimum Capital

Under Prompt Corrective

Actual

Requirement

Action Provisions

Amount

Ratio

Amount

Ratio

Amount

Ratio

Total Capital

(To Risk Weighted Assets)

Bank

$

75,491

14.41

%

$

41,914

8.00

%

$

52,393

10.00

%

Common Equity Tier 1 Capital

(To Risk Weighted Assets)

Bank

$

70,570

13.47

%

$

23,577

4.50

%

$

34,055

6.50

%

Tier 1 Capital

(To Risk Weighted Assets)

Bank

$

70,570

13.47

%

$

31,436

6.00

%

$

41,914

8.00

%

Tier 1 Capital

(To Average Assets)

Bank

$

70,570

11.05

%

$

25,544

4.00

%

$

31,930

5.00

%

Note 14 – Dividend Restrictions

The primary source of funds for the dividends paid by the Company to shareholders is dividends received from the Bank. Federal regulations limit the amount of dividends which the Bank can pay to the Company without obtaining prior approval. The amount of cash dividends that the Bank may pay is limited to current year earnings plus retained net profits for the two preceding years. In addition, dividends paid by the Bank would be prohibited if the effect thereof would cause the Bank&#39;s capital to be reduced below applicable minimum capital requirements.

In addition to the regulatory limits, the Company&#39;s Board of Directors, under current policies, will generally only consider a cash dividend payment to shareholders that, when combined with any previous cash dividends paid within the last 12 months, does not exceed 50% of the Bank&#39;s after-tax earnings for the preceding 12-months, or 60% if the previous three quarterly dividends are not within the preceding 12 months.

At December 31, 2019, the maximum amount of retained earnings available to the Bank for cash dividends to the Company was $16,833,000.

Note 15 – Fair Value Measurements

Determination of Fair Value

The Company uses fair value measurements to record fair value adjustments to certain assets and liabilities and to determine fair value disclosures. In accordance with the "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures" topic of FASB ASC 825, the fair value of a financial instrument is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value is best determined based upon quoted market prices. However, in many instances, there are no quoted market prices for the Company&#39;s various financial instruments. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including the discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. Accordingly, the fair value estimates may not be realized in an immediate settlement of the instrument.

The fair value guidance provides a consistent definition of fair value, which focuses on exit price in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction (that is, not a forced liquidation or distressed sale) between market participants at the measurement date under current market conditions. If there has been a significant decrease in the volume and level of activity for the asset

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

or liability, a change in valuation technique or the use of multiple valuation techniques may be appropriate. In such instances, determining the price at which willing market participants would transact at the measurement date under current market conditions depends on the facts and circumstances and requires the use of significant judgment. The fair value is a reasonable point within the range that is most representative of fair value under current market conditions.

Fair Value Hierarchy

In accordance with this guidance, the Company groups its financial assets and financial liabilities generally measured at fair value in three levels, based on the markets in which the assets and liabilities are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value.

Level 1 – Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

Level 2 – Valuation is based on observable inputs including quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in less active markets, and model-based valuation techniques for which significant assumptions can be derived primarily from or corroborated by observable data in the market.

Level 3 – Valuation is based on model-based techniques that use one or more significant inputs or assumptions that are unobservable in the market.

The following describes the valuation techniques used by the Company to measure certain financial assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on a recurring basis in the financial statements:

Securities available for sale

Securities available for sale are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value measurement is based upon quoted market prices, when available (Level 1). If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are measured utilizing independent valuation techniques of identical or similar securities for which significant assumptions are derived primarily from or corroborated by observable market data. Third party vendors compile prices from various sources and may determine the fair value of identical or similar securities by using pricing models that consider observable market data (Level 2).

The following tables present the balances measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2019 Using:

(in thousands)

Quoted Prices in

Significant

Significant

Active Markets

Other

for Identical

Observable

Unobservable

Assets

Inputs

Inputs

La description

Balance

(Level 1)

(Level 2)

(Level 3)

Assets

U.S. Government agencies

$

14,952

$

$

14,952

$

Corporate bonds

7,469

7,469

Mortgage-backed securities/CMOs

71,732

71,732

Municipal bonds

19,888

19,888

Total securities available for sale

$

114,041

$

$

114,041

$

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2018 Using:

sin thousands)

Quoted Prices in

Significant

Active Markets

Other

Significant

for Identical

Observable

Unobservable

Assets

Inputs

Inputs

La description

Balance

(Level 1)

(Level 2)

(Level 3)

Assets

U.S. Government agencies

$

18,974

$

$

18,974

$

Mortgage-backed securities/CMOs

25,063

25,063

Municipal bonds

17,355

17,355

Total securities available for sale

$

61,392

$

$

61,392

$

Certain financial assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in accordance with GAAP. Adjustments to the fair value of these assets usually result from the application of lower-of-cost-or-market accounting or writedowns of individual assets.

The following describes the valuation techniques used by the Company to measure certain financial assets recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in the consolidated financial statements:

Other real estate owned

Other real estate owned is measured at fair value less cost to sell, based on an appraisal conducted by an independent, licensed appraiser outside of the Company (Level 2). If the collateral value is significantly adjusted due to differences in the comparable properties, or is discounted by the Company because of marketability, then the fair value is considered Level 3. OREO is measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. Any initial fair value adjustment is charged against the Allowance for Loan Losses. Subsequent fair value adjustments are recorded in the period incurred and included in other noninterest expense on the Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company had no OREO at December 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018.

Impaired loans

Loans are designated as impaired when, in the judgment of management based on current information and events, it is probable that all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement will not be collected when due. The measurement of loss associated with impaired loans can be based on either the observable market price of the loan or the fair value of the collateral. Collateral may be in the form of real estate or business assets including equipment, inventory, and accounts receivable. The vast majority of the collateral is real estate. The value of real estate collateral is determined utilizing an income or market valuation approach based on an appraisal conducted by an independent, licensed appraiser outside of the Company using observable market data (Level 2). However, if the collateral value is significantly adjusted due to differences in the comparable properties, or is discounted by the Company because of marketability, then the fair value is considered Level 3.

The value of business equipment is based upon an outside appraisal if deemed significant (Level 2) or the net book value on the applicable business&#39; financial statements if not considered significant (Level 3). Likewise, values for inventory and accounts receivables collateral are based on financial statement balances or aging reports (Level 3).

Impaired loans allocated to the Allowance for Loan Losses are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. Any fair value adjustments are recorded in the period incurred as provision for loan losses in the Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company had $2.5 million and $2.8 million in impaired loans as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. All impaired loans were measured based on expected cash flows discounted at the loan&#39;s effective interest rate.

ASC 825, "Financial Instruments," requires disclosures about fair value of financial instruments for interim periods and excludes certain financial instruments and all non-financial instruments from its disclosure requirements. Accordingly, the aggregate fair value amounts presented may not necessarily represent the underlying fair value of the Company.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Company uses the exit price notion in calculating the fair values of financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

The carrying values and estimated fair values of the Company&#39;s financial instruments are as follows:

Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2019 Using:

Significant

Quoted Prices in

Other

Significant

Active Markets for Observable Unobservable

(in thousands)

Identical Assets

Inputs

Inputs

Carrying value

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Fair Value

Assets

Cash and cash equivalent

$

19,085

$

19,085

$

– $

– $

19,085

Available for sale securities

114,041

114,041

114,041

Loans, net

535,324

523,507

523,507

Bank owned life insurance

16,412

16,412

16,412

Accrued interest receivable

2,240

385

1,855

2,240

Liabilities

Demand deposits and interest-bearing

transaction and money market accounts

$

511,933

$

$

511,933

$

$

511,933

Certificates of deposit

109,278

109,846

109,846

Repurchase agreements

and other borrowings

Accrued interest payable

295

295

295

Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2018 Using:

Quoted Prices in

Significant

Significant

Other

Active Markets for Observable Unobservable

(in thousands)

Identical Assets

Inputs

Inputs

Carrying value

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Fair Value

Assets

Cash and cash equivalent

$

18,874

$

18,874

$

– $

– $

18,874

Available for sale securities

61,392

61,392

61,392

Loans, net

532,299

514,917

514,917

Bank owned life insurance

16,790

16,790

16,790

Accrued interest receivable

2,100

342

1,758

2,100

Liabilities

Demand deposits and interest-bearing

transaction and money market accounts

$

464,002

$

$

464,002

$

$

464,002

Certificates of deposit

108,531

108,323

108,323

Repurchase agreements

and other borrowings

Accrued interest payable

243

243

243

The Company assumes interest rate risk (the risk that general interest rate levels will change) as a result of its normal operations. As a result, the fair values of the Company&#39;s financial instruments will change when interest rate levels change, and that change may be either favorable or unfavorable to the Company. Management attempts to match maturities of assets and liabilities to the extent believed necessary to minimize interest rate risk; however, borrowers with fixed rate obligations are less likely to prepay in a rising rate environment and more likely to prepay in a falling rate environment. Conversely, depositors who are receiving fixed rates are more likely to withdraw funds before maturity in a rising rate

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

environment and less likely to do so in a falling rate environment. Management monitors rates and maturities of assets and liabilities and attempts to minimize interest rate risk by adjusting terms of new loans and deposits and by investing in securities with terms that mitigate the Company&#39;s overall interest rate risk.

Note 16 – Other Noninterest Expenses

The Company had the following other noninterest expenses as of the dates indicated:

For the Year Ended

(in thousands)

December 31

2019

2018

ATM, debit and credit card

$

190

$

207

Bank franchise tax

591

469

Computer software

529

424

Marketing, advertising and promotion

539

715

Professional fees

771

797

Other

2,065

1,943

$

4,685

$

4,555

Note 17 – Employee Benefit Plans

The Company has a 401(k) plan available to all employees who are at least 18 years of age. Employees are able to elect the amount to contribute, not to exceed a maximum amount as determined by Internal Revenue Service regulation. The Company matches 100% of the first 6% of employee contributions.

"Vesting" refers to the rights of ownership to the assets in the 401(k) accounts. Matching contributions as well as employee contributions are fully vested immediately.

The Company contributed $342,000 and $304,000 to the 401(k) plan in 2019 and 2018, respectively. These expenses represent the matching contribution by the Company.

Note 18 – Stock Incentive Plans

At the Annual Shareholders Meeting on May 21, 2014, shareholders approved the Virginia National Bankshares Corporation 2014 Stock Incentive Plan ("2014 Plan"). The 2014 Plan makes available up to 275,625 shares of the Company&#39;s common stock, as adjusted by the 5% stock dividend effective July 5, 2019 (the "2019 Stock Dividend") and the 5% stock dividend effective April 13, 2018 (the "2018 Stock Dividend"), to be issued to plan participants. The 2014 Plan provides for granting of both incentive and nonqualified stock options, as well as restricted stock, unrestricted stock and other stock based awards. No new grants will be issued under the 2005 Plan as this plan has expired.

For all of the Company&#39;s stock incentive plans (the "Plans"), the option price of incentive options will not be less than the fair value of the stock at the time an option is granted. Nonqualified options may be granted at prices established by the Board of Directors, including prices less than the fair value on the date of grant. Outstanding options generally expire in ten years from the grant date. Stock options generally vest by the fourth or fifth anniversary of the date of the grant.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

A summary of the shares issued and available under each of the Company&#39;s stock incentive plans (the "Plans") is shown below as of December 31, 2019. Share data and exercise price range per share have been adjusted to reflect the 2019 Stock Dividend and the 2018 Stock Dividend (collectively, "5% Stock Dividends") and, with respect to the 2005 Plan, the 15% stock dividend effective June 30, 2011 (together with the 5% Stock Dividends, the "Stock Dividends"). Although the 2005 Plan has expired and no new grants will be issued under this plan, there were shares issued before the plan expired which are still outstanding as shown below.

2005 Plan

2014 Plan

Aggregate shares issuable

253,575

275,625

Options issued, net of forfeited and expired options

(59,831)

(96,047)

Unrestricted stock issued

(11,535

)

Restricted stock grants issued

(4,000)

Cancelled due to Plan expiration

(193,744

)

Remaining available for grant

164,043

Stock grants issued and outstanding:

Total vested and unvested shares

15,535

Fully vested shares

11,535

Option grants issued and outstanding:

Total vested and unvested shares

1,379

79,404

Fully vested shares

1,379

13,171

Exercise price range

$13.69 to $13.69

$27.39 to $42.62

The Company accounts for all of its stock incentive plans under recognition and measurement accounting principles which require that the compensation cost relating to stock-based payment transactions be recognized in the financial statements. Stock-based compensation arrangements for 2019 and prior years include stock options, unrestricted stock and restricted stock. All stock-based payments to employees are required to be valued using a fair value method on the date of grant and expensed based on that fair value over the applicable vesting period.

Stock Options

Changes in the stock options outstanding related to all of the Plans are summarized below. Share and per share data have been adjusted to reflect the 2019 Stock Dividend.

31 décembre 2019

Weighted

Number of

Average

Aggregate

(dollars in thousands except weighted average data)

Options

Exercise Price

Intrinsic Value

Outstanding at January 1, 2019

86,594

$

36.21

Issued

12,420

37.21

Exercised

(5,976

)

(17.04

)

Expired

(12,255)

(16.56)

Outstanding at December 31, 2019

80,783

$

40.76

$

51

Options exercisable at December 31, 2019

39.52

$

33

14,550

$

There was an intrinsic value of $120,000 for the options exercised during the year ended December 31, 2019.

For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company recognized $97,000 and $65,000, respectively, in compensation expense for stock options. As of December 31, 2019, there was $356,000 in unrecognized compensation expense for stock options remaining to be recognized in future reporting periods through 2024. The fair value of any option grant is estimated at the grant date using the Black- Scholes pricing model. There were stock option grants of 12,420 and 65,887 shares, as adjusted to

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

reflect the 5% Stock Dividends, issued during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively and the fair value on each option granted was estimated based on the assumptions noted in the following table:

For the year ended

For the year ended

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

Expected volatility1

16.86

%

15.49

%

Expected dividends2

3.18

%

1.81%

Expected term (in years)3

6.50

6.50

Risk-free rate4

1.56

%

2.85%

  1. Based on the monthly historical volatility of the Company&#39;s stock price over the expected life of the options.
  2. Calculated as the ratio of historical dividends paid per share of common stock to the stock price on the date of grant.
  3. Based on the average of the contractual life and vesting period for the respective option.
  4. Based upon an interpolated US Treasury yield curve interest rate that corresponds to the contractual life of the option, in effect at the time of the grant.

Summary information pertaining to options outstanding at December 31, 2019, as adjusted for Stock Dividends, is as follows:

Options Outstanding

Options Exercisable

Weighted-

Average

Weighted-

Weighted-

Number of

Remaining

Average

Number of

Average

Options

Contractual

Exercise

Options

Exercise

Exercise Price

Outstanding

Life

Prix

Exercisable

Prix

$13.69 to $20.00

1,379

3.1

Years

$

13.69

1,379

$

13.69

$20.01 to $30.00

1,103

7.2

Years

27.39

$30.01 to $40.00

20,820

9.2

Years

38.14

1,680

39.52

$40.01 to $42.62

57,481

8.4

Years

42.62

11,491

42.62

Total

80,783

8.5

Years

$

40.76

14,550

$

39.52

Stock Grants

On February 20, 2019, a total of 11,535 shares of unrestricted stock, as adjusted for the 2019 Stock Dividend, were granted to non-employee directors and certain members of executive management for services to be provided during the year ended December 31, 2019. The total expense for these shares of $425,000 was recognized in 2019. There were no unrestricted stocks grants awarded in or outstanding in 2018 and no expense associated with unrestricted stock grants in 2018.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

In addition, 4,000 shares of restricted stock were granted later in 2019 to certain members of executive management with an associated expense of $12,000 taken in 2019. As of December 31, 2019, there was $132,000 in unrecognized compensation expense for restricted stock grants remaining to be recognized in future reporting periods through 2023. There were no restricted stock grants awarded in or outstanding throughout 2018 and no associated restricted stock grant expense for 2018.

31 décembre 2019

Weighted

Average

Grant Date

Number of

Fair Value

Aggregate

(dollars in thousands except weighted average data)

Shares

Per Share

Intrinsic Value

Outstanding at January 1, 2019

$

Issued

15,535

36.63

$

586

Vested

(11,535

)

36.85

(435

)

Nonvested at December 31, 2019

4,000

$

36.00

$

151

Note 19 – Net Income per Share

On June 13, 2019, the Board of Directors approved a stock dividend of five percent (5%) on the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company (or .05 share for each share outstanding) which was issued on July 5, 2019 to all shareholders of record as of the close of business on June 26, 2019. On March 16, 2018, the Board of Directors approved a stock dividend of five percent (5%) on the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company (or .05 share for each share outstanding) which was issued on April 13, 2018 to all shareholders of record as of the close of business on April 3, 2018. Shareholders received cash in lieu of any fractional shares that they otherwise would have been entitled to receive in connection with the stock dividend. The price paid for fractional shares was based on the volume-weighted average price of a share of common stock for the most recent three (3) days prior to the record date during which a trade of the Company&#39;s stock occurred.

For the following table, share and per share data have been adjusted to reflect the 5% Stock Dividends. The table shows the weighted average number of shares used in computing net income per common share and the effect on the weighted average number of shares of diluted potential common stock for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. Potential dilutive common stock equivalents have no effect on net income available to the Company&#39;s shareholders. The weighted average shares below as of December 31, 2019 include 4,000 shares of restricted stock that have not yet vested. No shares of restricted stock were outstanding as of December 31, 2018. The recipients of nonvested restricted shares have full voting and dividend rights.

Weighted

Per Share

Average

(dollars in thousands)

Net Income

Shares

Amount

31 décembre 2019

Basic net income per share

$

6,689

2,686,866

$

2.49

Effect of dilutive stock options

3,111

Diluted net income per share

$

6,689

2,689,977

$

2.49

December 31, 2018

Basic net income per share

$

8,470

2,666,902

$

3.18

Effect of dilutive stock options

18,977

(0.03)

Diluted net income per share

$

8,470

2,685,879

$

3.15

In 2019 and 2018, stock options representing 78,301 and 62,750 average shares, respectively, were not included in the calculation of net income per share, as their effect would have been antidilutive.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 20 – Other Comprehensive Income

A component of the Company&#39;s comprehensive income, in addition to net income from operations, is the recognition of the realized gains and losses on AFS securities, net of income taxes. Reclassifications of unrealized gains and losses on AFS securities are reported in the income statement as "Gains (losses) on sales and calls" with the corresponding income tax effect reflected as a component of income tax expense. Amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are presented below:

December 31,

December 31,

(in thousands)

2019

2018

Available-for-sale securities:

Realized gains on sales and calls of securities

$

74

$

Tax effect

(16

)

Realized gains, net of tax

$

58

$

Note 21 – Segment Reporting

Virginia National Bankshares Corporation has four reportable segments. Each reportable segment is a strategic business unit that offers different products and services. They are managed separately, because each segment appeals to different markets and, accordingly, require different technology and marketing strategies. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies provided earlier in this report.

The four reportable segments are:

  • Bank – The commercial banking segment involves making loans and generating deposits from individuals, businesses and charitable organizations. Loan fee income, service charges from deposit accounts, and other non-interest-related fees, such as fees for debit cards and ATM usage and fees for treasury management services, generate additional income for the Bank segment.
  • Sturman Wealth Advisors – Sturman Wealth Advisors, formerly known as VNB Investment Services, offers wealth management and investment advisory services. Revenue for this segment is generated primarily from investment advisory and financial planning fees, with a small and decreasing portion attributable to brokerage commissions.
  • VNB Trust and Estate Services – VNB Trust and Estate Services offers corporate trustee services, trust and estate administration, IRA administration and custody services. Revenue for this segment is generated from administration, service and custody fees, as well as management fees which are derived from Assets Under Management. Investment management services currently are offered through in-house and third-party managers. In addition, royalty income, in the form of fixed and incentive fees, from the sale of Swift Run Capital Management, LLC in 2013 is reported as income of VNB Trust and Estate Services. More information on royalty income and the related sale can be found under Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.
  • Masonry Capital – Masonry Capital offers investment management services for separately managed accounts and a private investment fund employing a value-based,catalyst-driven investment strategy. Revenue for this segment is generated from management fees which are derived from Assets Under Management and incentive income which is based on the investment returns generated on performance-based Assets Under Management.

A management fee for administrative and technology support services provided by the Bank is allocated to the non-bank segments. For both the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, management fees of $100,000 were charged to the non-bank segments and eliminated in consolidated totals.

Segment information for the years ended, December 31, 2019, and 2018 is shown in the following tables. Note that asset information is not reported below, as the assets previously allocated to VNB Wealth are reported at the Bank level subsequent to the merger of VNBTrust, National Association, into the Bank

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

effective July 1, 2018; also, assets specifically allocated to the VNB Wealth lines of business are insignificant and are no longer provided to the chief operating decision maker.

2019

Sturman

VNB Trust &

(in thousands)

Bank

Wealth

Estate

Masonry

Consolidated

Net interest income

Conseillers

Services

Capital

$

21,924

$

$

$

$

21,924

Provision for loan losses

1,375

1,375

Noninterest income

3,231

605

1,284

431

5,551

Noninterest expense

15,427

591

1,170

696

17,884

Income before income taxes

8,353

14

114

(265)

8,216

Provision for income taxes

1,555

3

24

(55

)

1,527

Net income (loss)

$

6,798

$

11

$

90

$

(210)

$

6,689

Prior to January 1, 2019, Virginia National Bankshares Corporation had two reportable segments, the Bank and VNB Wealth.

2018

(in thousands)

Bank

VNB Wealth

Consolidated

Net interest income

$

22,823

$

73

$

22,896

Provision for loan losses

1,873

1,873

Non-interest income

2,715

2,815

5,530

Non-interest expense

13,876

2,138

16,014

Income before income taxes

9,789

750

10,539

Provision for income taxes

1,911

158

2,069

Net income

$

7,878

$

592

$

8,470

Note 22 – Condensed Parent Company Financial Statements

Condensed financial statements pertaining only to the Parent Company are presented below. The investment in subsidiary is accounted for using the equity method of accounting.

Cash dividend payments authorized by the Bank&#39;s Board of Directors were paid to the Parent Company in 2019 and 2018, totaling $3.4 million and $2.3 million, respectively.

The payment of dividends by the Bank is restricted by various regulatory limitations. Banking regulations also prohibit extensions of credit to the parent company unless appropriately secured by assets. For more detail on dividends, see Note 14 – Dividend Restrictions.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Condensed Parent Company Only

BALANCE SHEETS

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

ASSETS

(in thousands)

Cash and due from banks

$

1,256

$

1,146

Investment securities

65

65

Investments in subsidiaries

75,365

70,142

Other assets

262

182

Total assets

$

76,948

$

71,535

LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS&#39; EQUITY

Other liabilities

$

841

$

793

Stockholders&#39; equity

76,107

70,742

Total liabilities and stockholders&#39; equity

$

76,948

$

71,535

STATEMENTS OF INCOME

For the years ended

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

(in thousands)

Dividends from subsidiary

$

3,400

$

2,250

Noninterest expense

842

429

Income before income taxes

$

2,558

$

1,821

Income tax (benefit)

(162)

(79)

Income before equity in undistributed

earnings of subsidiaries

$

2,720

$

1,900

Equity in undistributed earnings of subsidiaries

3,969

6,570

Net income

$

6,689

$

8,470

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Condensed Parent Company Only (Continued)

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the years ended

31 décembre 2019

December 31, 2018

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

(in thousands)

Net income

$

6,689

$

8,470

Adjustments to reconcile net income to

net cash provided by operating activities:

Equity in undistributed earnings

of subsidiaries

(3,969)

(6,570)

Deferred tax expense

(16

)

4

Stock option & stock grant expense

534

65

Decrease (increase) in other assets

(64

)

144

Increase (decrease) in other liabilities

3

(5)

Net cash provided by operating activities

3,177

2,108

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

Capital contribution to subsidiary

(20)

Net cash used in investing activities

(20

)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

Proceeds from stock options exercised

102

268

Cash payment for stock dividend fractional shares

(5

)

Dividends paid

(3,144)

(2,466)

Net cash used in financing activities

(3,047

)

(2,198

)

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND

CASH EQUIVALENTS

110

(90

)

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Beginning of period

1,146

1,236

End of period

$

1,256

$

1,146

Item 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.

Aucun

Item 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Company maintains "disclosure controls and procedures," as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e)under the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in SEC&#39;s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

In designing and evaluating its disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance that the objectives of the disclosure controls and procedures are met. Additionally, in designing disclosure controls and procedures, management necessarily is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible disclosure controls and procedures. The design of any disclosure controls and procedures also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

Based on their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company&#39;s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

Management&#39;s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a- 15(f) of the Exchange Act. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company&#39;s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019. This assessment was based on criteria established in "Internal Control-Integrated Framework" issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission ("COSO") on May 14, 2013. Based on their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company&#39;s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria.

The effectiveness of the Company&#39;s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019 has been audited by Yount, Hyde and Barbour, P.C., the independent registered public accounting firm who also audited the Company&#39;s consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-

  1. Yount, Hyde and Barbour, P.C.&#39;s attestation report on the Company&#39;s internal control over financial reporting is included beginning on the following page.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. There was no change in the internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the year ended December 31, 2019 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the internal control over financial reporting.

91

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors

Virginia National Bankshares Corporation

Charlottesville, Virginia

Opinion on the Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

We have audited Virginia National Bankshares Corporation and Subsidiaries&#39; (the Corporation&#39;s) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013. In our opinion, the Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in shareholders&#39; equity, and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation and Subsidiaries and our report dated March 12, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion.

Basis for Opinion

The Corporation&#39;s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting in the accompanying Management&#39;s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Corporation&#39;s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Corporation in accordance with U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the

PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

A company&#39;s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in

92

accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company&#39;s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the company&#39;s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Yount, Hyde & Barbour, P.C.

Richmond, Virginia

12 mars 2020

Item 9B. OTHER INFORMATION.

Aucun

93

Part III

Item 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE.

Information is incorporated by reference to the information that appears under the headings "Proposal 1 – Election of Directors," "Related Person Transactions and Other Information," "Executive Compensation – Executive Officers," "Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance," "Code of Ethics," and "Information about the Board of Directors and Board Committees" contained in the Company&#39;s Definitive Proxy Statement to be used in connection with the Company&#39;s 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders ("Definitive Proxy Statement").

Item 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.

Information is incorporated by reference to the information that appears under the headings "Executive Compensation – Executive Officers" and "Information about the Board of Directors and Board Committees – Compensation of Directors" contained in of the Company&#39;s Definitive Proxy Statement.

Item 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.

Other than as set forth below, this information is incorporated by reference from Note 18, "Stock Incentive Plans," in the notes to consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Form 10-K and from the "Beneficial Ownership of Company Common Stock" section of the Company&#39;s Definitive Proxy Statement.

The following table summarizes information, as of December 31, 2019, relating to the Company&#39;s Stock Incentive Plans:

Number of securities

Number of securities to be

Weighted-average exercise

remaining available for

future issuance under equity

issued upon exercise of

price of outstanding

compensation plans

outstanding options,

options, warrants and

(excluding securities

warrants and rights

rights

reflected in column (a))

(a)

(b)

(c)

Equity compensation plans approved

by security holders

80,783

$40.76

164,043

Total

80,783

$40.76

164,043

Item 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE.

This information is incorporated by reference from the "Information about the Board of Directors and Board Committees" and "Related Person Transactions and Other Information" sections of the Company&#39;s Definitive Proxy Statement. For further information, see Note 12 of the notes to consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data in this Form 10-K.

Item 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES.

This information is incorporated by reference from the "Independent Auditors" section of the Company&#39;s Definitive Proxy Statement.

94

Part IV

Item 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES.

The following documents are files as part of this report: (a)(1) Financial Statements

The following consolidated financial statements and reports of independent registered public accountants of the Company are in Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data:

  1. Consolidated Balance Sheets – December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
  2. Consolidated Statements of Income – Years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
  3. Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income – Years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
  4. Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders&#39; Equity – Years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
  5. Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
  6. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(a)(2) Financial Statement Schedules

All schedules are omitted since they are not required, are not applicable, or the required information is shown in the consolidated statements or notes thereto.

95

(a)(3) Exhibit Index:

Exhibit Description of Exhibit

Number

2.0 Reorganization Agreement and Plan of Share Exchange, dated as of March 6, 2013, between Virginia National Bank and Virginia National Bankshares Corporation (incorporated by reference to Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s Current Report on Form 8-Kfiled with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 18, 2013).

  1. Articles of Incorporation of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation, as amended and restated (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s Pre-effective Amendment No. 1 to Form S-4 Registration Statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 12, 2013).
  2. Bylaws of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 18, 2013).
  1. Virginia National Bank 2003 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 9, 2017. Virginia National Bankshares Corporation assumed this plan from Virginia National Bank on December 16, 2013 upon consummation of the reorganization under the agreement referenced as Exhibit 2.0).
  2. Virginia National Bank Amended and Restated 2005 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 25, 2017. Virginia National Bankshares Corporation assumed this plan from Virginia National Bank on December 16, 2013 upon consummation of the reorganization under the agreement referenced as Exhibit 2.0).
  3. Virginia National Bankshares Corporation 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 25, 2017).
  4. Form of Management Continuity Agreement executed March 2, 2017 between Virginia National Bankshares Corporation and each of Glenn W. Rust, Virginia R. Bayes, Tara Y. Harrison and Donna G. Shewmake (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 3, 2017).
  5. Non-Disclosure,Non-Solicitation and Non-Competition Agreement dated March 2, 2017 between Virginia National Bank and Glenn W. Rust (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 3, 2017).
  6. Form of Non-Disclosure,Non-Solicitation and Non-Competition Agreement dated March 2, 2017 between Virginia National Bank and each of Virginia R. Bayes, Tara Y. Harrison and Donna G. Shewmake (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 3, 2017).

21.0 Subsidiaries of the Registrant (refer to Item 1. Business, beginning on page 4 of this Form 10-KReport for a discussion of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation&#39;s direct and indirect subsidiaries).

  1. 302 Certification of Principal Executive Officer
  2. 302 Certification of Principal Financial Officer

32.1 906 Certification

101.0 Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders&#39; Equity for years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (v) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, and (vi) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (furnished herewith).

96

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary.

Not applicable

97

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto, duly authorized.

VIRGINIA NATIONAL BANKSHARES

CORPORATION

/s/ Tara Y. Harrison

Tara Y. Harrison

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial

Officer

Date: March 12, 2020

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities on March 12, 2020.

Signatures

Title

/s/ H. K. Benham, III

Director

H. K. Benham, III

/s/ Steven W. Blaine

Director

Steven. W. Blaine

/s/ William D. Dittmar, Jr.

Chairman of the Board

William D. Dittmar, Jr.

/s/ Tara Y. Harrison

Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Tara Y. Harrison

(principal financial and accounting officer)

/s/ James T. Holland

Director

James T. Holland

/s/ Linda M. Houston

Director

Linda M. Houston

/s/ Susan King Payne

Director

Susan King Payne

/s/ Glenn W. Rust

President & Chief Executive Officer and Director

Glenn W. Rust

(principal executive officer)

/s/ Gregory L. Wells

Director

Gregory L. Wells

/s/ Bryan D. Wright

Director

Bryan D. Wright

98

EXHIBIT 31.1

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER

I, Glenn W. Rust, certify that:

  1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation;
  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
  4. The registrant&#39;s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
    1. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
    2. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
    3. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant&#39;s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; et
    4. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant&#39;s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant&#39;s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant&#39;s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant&#39;s internal control over financial reporting; et
  5. The registrant&#39;s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant&#39;s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant&#39;s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
    1. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant&#39;s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; et
    2. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant&#39;s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: March 12, 2020

/s/ Glenn W. Rust

Glenn W. Rust

President and Chief Executive Officer

99

EXHIBIT 31.2

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER

I, Tara Y. Harrison, certify that:

  1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation;
  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
  4. The registrant&#39;s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
    1. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
    2. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
    3. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant&#39;s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; et
    4. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant&#39;s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant&#39;s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant&#39;s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant&#39;s internal control over financial reporting; et
  5. The registrant&#39;s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant&#39;s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant&#39;s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
    1. All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant&#39;s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; et
    2. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant&#39;s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: March 12, 2020

/s/ Tara Y. Harrison

Tara Y. Harrison

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

100

EXHIBIT 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT

TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Virginia National Bankshares Corporation (the "Company") for the period ending December 31, 2019, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, on the date hereof (the "Report"), the undersigned Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that, based on their knowledge and belief: (1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and (2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company as of and for the periods covered in the Report.

/s/ Glenn W. Rust

Glenn W. Rust, President and Chief Executive Officer

/s/ Tara Y. Harrison

Tara Y. Harrison, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

12 mars 2020

101

Disclaimer

Virginia National Bankshares Corp. published this content on 12 March 2020 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 12 March 2020 19:45:06 UTC



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